Mechanical Behavior of Materials Engineering Methods for Deformation, Fracture, and Fatigue

ISBN-10: 0131863126
ISBN-13: 9780131863125
Edition: 3rd 2007 (Revised)
List price: $185.00
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Description: This respected handbook introduces the entire spectrum of mechanical behavior of materials, emphasizing practical engineering methods for testing structural materials to obtain their properties, and predicting their strength and life when used for  More...

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Book details

List price: $185.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 4/5/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 936
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.234

This respected handbook introduces the entire spectrum of mechanical behavior of materials, emphasizing practical engineering methods for testing structural materials to obtain their properties, and predicting their strength and life when used for machines, vehicles, and structures.Features expanded discussions ofsafety factors, stress and strain, bending and torsion tests, unknown fiber fraction, 3-D stresses, and modified-Mohr and Coulomb-Mohr criteria. Also addresses maximum shear and octahedral shear criteria, load factor design, fatigue limits, notch sensitivity,R-ratio effects, mean stress relaxation, cyclic bending, mean stresses, and time-temperature parameters. Coverage of fracture mechanics allows readers to analyze the effect of cracks on strength and life without requiring advanced mathematics. Employs actual laboratory data in illustrations, examples, and problems, giving readers realistic impressions as to the actual values and behavior for the material involved.A useful reference for practicing engineers. nbsp; nbsp; nbsp; nbsp;

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Introduction
Types of Material Failure
Design and Materials Selection
Technological Challenge
Economic Importance of Fracture
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Structure and Deformation in Materials
Introduction
Bonding in Solids
Structure in Crystalline Materials
Elastic Deformation and Theoretical Strength
Inelastic Deformation
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
A Survey of Engineering Materials
Introduction
Alloying and Processing of Metals
Irons and Steels
Nonferrous Metals
Polymers
Ceramics and Glasses
Composite Materials
Materials Selection for Engineering Components
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Mechanical Testing: Tension Test and Other Basic Tests
Introduction
Introduction to Tension Test
Engineering Stress-Strain Properties
Trends in Tensile Behavior
True Stress-Strain Interpretation of Tension Test
Compression Test
Hardness Tests
Notch-Impact Tests
Bending and Torsion Tests
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Stress-Strain Relationships and Behavior
Introduction
Models for Deformation Behavior
Elastic Deformation
Anisotropic Materials
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Review of Complex and Principal States of Stress and Strain
Introduction
Plane Stress
Principal Stresses and the Maximum Shear Stress
Three-Dimensional States of Stress
Stresses on the Octahedral Planes
Complex States of Strain
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Yielding and Fracture under Combined Stresses
Introduction
General Form of Failure Criteria
Maximum Normal Stress Fracture Criterion
Maximum Shear Stress Yield Criterion
Octahedral Shear Stress Yield Criterion
Discussion of the Basic Failure Criteria
Coulomb-Mohr Fracture Criterion
Modified Mohr Fracture Criterion
Additional Comments on Failure Criteria
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Fracture of Cracked Members
Introduction
Preliminary Discussion
Mathematical Concepts
Application of K to Design and Analysis
Additional Topics on Application of K
Fracture Toughness Values and Trends
Plastic Zone Size, and Plasticity Limitations on LEFM
Discussion of Fracture Toughness Testing
Extensions of Fracture Mechanics Beyond Linear Elasticity
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Fatigue of Materials: Introduction and Stress-Based Approach
Introduction
Definitions and Concepts
Sources of Cyclic Loading
Fatigue Testing
The Physical Nature of Fatigue Damage
Trends in S-N Curves
Mean Stresses
Multiaxial Stresses
Variable Amplitude Loading
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Stress-Based Approach to Fatigue: Notched Members
Introduction
Notch Effects
Notch Sensitivity and Empirical Estimates of k[subscript f]
Estimating Long-Life Fatigue Strengths (Fatigue Limits)
Notch Effects at Intermediate and Short Lives
Combined Effects of Notches and Mean Stress
Estimating S-N Curves
Use of Component S-N Data
Designing to Avoid Fatigue Failure
Discussion
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Fatigue Crack Growth
Introduction
Preliminary Discussion
Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Testing
Effects of R = S[subscript min]/S[subscript max] on Fatigue Crack Growth
Trends in Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior
Life Estimates for Constant Amplitude Loading
Life Estimates for Variable Amplitude Loading
Design Considerations
Plasticity Aspects and Limitations of LEFM for Fatigue Crack Growth
Environmental Crack Growth
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Plastic Deformation Behavior and Models for Materials
Introduction
Stress-Strain Curves
Three-Dimensional Stress-Strain Relationships
Unloading and Cyclic Loading Behavior from Rheological Models
Cyclic Stress-Strain Behavior of Real Materials
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Stress-Strain Analysis of Plastically Deforming Members
Introduction
Plasticity in Bending
Residual Stresses and Strains for Bending
Plasticity of Circular Shafts in Torsion
Notched Members
Cyclic Loading
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Strain-Based Approach to Fatigue
Introduction
Strain Versus Life Curves
Mean Stress Effects
Multiaxial Stress Effects
Life Estimates for Structural Components
Discussion
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Time-Dependent Behavior: Creep and Damping
Introduction
Creep Testing
Physical Mechanisms of Creep
Time-Temperature Parameters and Life Estimates
Creep Failure under Varying Stress
Stress-Strain-Time Relationships
Creep Deformation under Varying Stress
Creep under Multiaxial Stress
Component Stress-Strain Analysis
Energy Dissipation (Damping) in Materials
Summary
References
Problems and Questions
Review of Selected Topics from Mechanics of Materials
Introduction
Basic Formulas for Stresses and Deflections
Properties of Areas
Shears, Moments, and Deflections in Beams
Stresses in Pressure Vessels, Tubes, and Discs
Elastic Stress Concentration Factors for Notches
Fully Plastic Yielding Loads
References
Statistical Variation in Materials Properties
Introduction
Mean and Standard Deviation
Normal or Gaussian Distribution
Typical Variation in Materials Properties
One-Sided Tolerance Limits
Discussion
References
Bibliography
Index

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