Qualitative Research A Personal Skills Approach

ISBN-10: 0131719491
ISBN-13: 9780131719491
Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)
Authors: Gary D. Shank
List price: $57.20 Buy it from $14.24
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Description: A practical, basic-skills book for qualitative research.nbsp;nbsp;Provides instruction and exercises on observing, interviewing, participating, interpreting and a number of other skills that are foundational to qualitative research.nbsp; Written in  More...

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Book details

List price: $57.20
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 6/28/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 272
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.188
Language: English

A practical, basic-skills book for qualitative research.nbsp;nbsp;Provides instruction and exercises on observing, interviewing, participating, interpreting and a number of other skills that are foundational to qualitative research.nbsp; Written in an exceptionally engaging style, the book introduces students to skills and then carefully and concretely helps students practice them.General K-12 Educators.

Becoming a Skilled Qualitative Researcher
Technique Skills and Personal Skills
The Basic Plan for this Text
Identifying and Understanding the Basic Personal Skills
Observing
Conversing
Participating
Interpreting
Looking at the World in a Different Way
A Matter of Definition
"Unpacking" the Definition
The Big Deal about Meaning
Qualitative Research as a "Big Tent"
The Two Domains of Qualitative Research
Qualitative Science
Qualitative Inquiry
Vision and Research
The Mirror
The Window
The Lantern
Types of Vision and the Two Domains
Vision and Qualitative Science
Vision and Qualitative Inquiry
Advanced Skills and Their Roles
Questioning
Data Gathering
Analyzing
Narrating
Writing
Moving from Experience to Reflection to Create a Skill
Planning Your Research Proposal: Introduction
Observing
The Quiet Place
Reflecting on Observing
Why Is Qualitative Research Observation So Difficult?
Observer Types
The Embracer
The Photographer
The Tape Recorder
The Categorizer
The Baseliner
The Abstracter
The Interacter
The Reflecter
Working with Observational Types
Grounding Observational Skills
Subordination
Selection Issues
Focus Issues
Saturation
Current Frontiers of Observation in Qualitative Research
Parameters and Settings of Observation
Observation and Technology
Observation and the Arts
Observation in Qualitative Science and Qualitative Inquiry
Mastering Observational Skills
Observation and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Final Thoughts on Observation
Planning Your Research Proposal: Looking for Potential Research Topics
Conversing
Table Talk
REflecting on Conversing
The Fine Art of Research Conversing
Conversation and Holistic Communication
The Six Functions of Verbal Communication
The Referential Function
The Emotive Function
The Conative Function
The Metalingual Function
The Poetic Function
The Phatic Function
From Conversing to Interviewing
Grounding Interview Skills
The Classic Field Interview
Conducting the Qualitative Research Interview
Interactions in Interviews
Focus Groups
Online Focus Groups
Specialized Types of Interviews
Mastering Interview Skills
Should I Conduct a Structured or an Unstructured Interview?
How Many Questions Should I Ask?
How Long Should Any Given Interview Be?
How Should I Conduct My Interviews?
Conversing and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Final Thoughts on Conversing
Planning Your Research Proposal: Identifying Possible Settings and Participants
Participating
The Expert Case Study
Reflecting on Participation
Participant Observation
Entry
Rapport
Finding and Cultivating Informants
Fieldnotes
Ethnography
Basic Ethnographic Skills
Advances and Evolutions in Ethnography
Applied Field Research
Learning in Groups
School Countercultures
Scientific Literacy
Education Beyond Schools
Basic Researchers and Teacher-Researchers
Reflections on Classroom-Based Fieldwork
Action Research
Practical Participation
Participatory Action Research
Action Research as a Revolutionary Act
Participation in Qualitative Science and Qualitative Inquiry
Perspectives Within Ethnography
Perspectives Within Applied Field Research
Perspectives Within Action Research
A Quick Aside on Emic Versus Etic
Mastering Fieldwork Skills
Participation and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Final Thoughts on Participation
Planning Your Research Proposal: First Informal Outline
Interpreting
Just Listen to the Music Play...
Reflecting on Interpretation
Mastering Description and Thick Description
The Wink
What Thick Description Is Not
Subjectivity and Objectivity
A Brief Summary of Subjectivity and Objectivity
Historical Changes in Subjectivity and Objectivity
Rethinking Subjectivity in Qualitative Research
Self and Other
Intersubjectivity
The Nagging Issue of Multiple Realities
Creating a Continuum for Interpretation
Prediction
Understanding
Qualitative Science and Understanding
Phenomenology and Understanding
Hermeneutics and Understanding
Critical Awareness
Ideology and Critical Theory
The Scope of Critical Theory
The Nature of Feminist Critical Theory
Critical Race Theory and Postcolonial Thinking
Postmodern Awareness
Structural and Poststructural Thought
Structuralism
Poststructuralism
Postmodern Thought
Deconstruction and Other Postmodern Methods
Balancing Interpretive Frameworks
Interpretation in Qualitative Science and Qualitative Inquiry
Interpretation and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Back to the Music
Planning Your Research Proposal: First Theoretical Model
Questioning
Stalking the Wild Research Question
Reflecting on the Role of Questioning
Asking the Qualitative Research Question
Types of Qualitative Questions
Hypothesis Testing
Exploration
Exegesis into Empirical Meaning
Critical Examination and Action
Finding and Developing a Qualitative Research Target Area
The Tactical Backdrop of Qualitative Questioning
The Nature of Strategies
Strategy and Anticipation
Tactical Research
An Example of Making a Quick Tactical Turn
Evaluating Research Questions and Target Areas
Reliability, Validity, and Generalizability in Qualitative Research
Reliability
Validity
Generalizability
Triangulation
Alternatives to Reliability, Validity, and Generalizability in Qualitative Research
Dependability
Credibility
Transferability
Confirmability
Trustworthiness
Authenticity
Questioning and the Literature Review
The Role of the Literature Review in Quantitative Research
The Role of the Literature Review in Qualitative Research
Ethics and Qualitative Research
General Ethical Guidelines
Ethics and Qualitative Practice
Questioning in Qualitative Science and Qualitative Inquiry
Questioning and Qualitative Science
Questioning and Qualitative Inquiry
Questioning and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Planning Your Research Proposal: First Draft of the Research Question
Data Gathering
Metaphor Repair
Reflecting on the Data-Gathering Process
Qualitative Data-Gathering Methods
Case Study
Alternative Case Study Types
Cumulative Case Study
Grounded Theory
The Evolution of Grounded Theory
The Glaser Approach to Grounded Theory
The Strauss and Corbin Approach to Grounded Theory
Further Resources for Grounded Theory
Phenomenological and Hermeneutic Data-Gathering Methods
Phenomenology
Hermeneutics
Comparing and Contrasting Phenomenological and Hermeneutic Methods
Gender-Based Aspects of Data Gathering
Feminist Approach to Data Gathering
Queer Theory
Semiotic Approaches to Data Gathering
The Language of Signs
The Logic of Signs
Using Metaphors to Gather Data
Metaphors in Quantitative Research
Metaphors in Qualitative Research
Qualitative Data Handling
Data Gathering in Qualitative Science and Qualitative Inquiry
Data Gathering and Qualitative Science
Data Gathering and Qualitative Inquiry
Data Gathering and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Planning Your Research Proposal: Sorting and Ranking Potential Methods
Analyzing
Twenty Questions
Reflecting on Analysis
Common Phases of Qualitative Analysis
Coding and Analysis
Thematic Analysis
Themes, Emergent or Otherwise
The Key Characteristics of Thematic Analysis
The Inductive Approach
Feedback and Comparison
Saturation
Other Forms of Thematic Analysis
Meaning Generation and Confirmation
Procedures for Making Meaning
Procedures for Verifying Meaning
"Research Displays" That Incorporate Meaning and Verification
Within-Case Displays
Cross-Case Displays
Description and Exploration in Cross-Case Displays
Ordering and Explanation in Cross-Case Displays
Other Approaches to Meaning Generation and Verification
Synthesis and Illumination
Analyzing Artifacts and Documents
Analyzing Visual Data
Computers and Qualitative Data
Using Computers for Qualitative Research
Using Computers for Qualitative Analysis
Moving from Analysis to Evaluation
Qualitative Evaluation Models
Analyzing in Qualitative Science and Qualitative Inquiry
Analysis and Qualitative Science
Analysis and Qualitative Inquiry
A Final Look at Analysis
Analysis and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Planning Your Research Proposal: Creating a Research Proposal Outline
Narrating
Once upon a Time...
Reflecting on Narrating
Narrative and Human Understanding
Story Genres
Myth
Fable
Folktale
Legend
Narrative
Narrative Universals
Phenomenology and Narrative
Postmodernism and Narrative
Metanarratives and Postmodern Genres
Analyzing Narrative Data
Conversation Analysis
Narrative Analysis
Narrative Influences on Research Thinking
Narrating and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Planning Your Research Proposal: First Draft of the Research Proposal
Writing
Focusing the Expert Case Study Report
Reflecting on Research Writing
Rhetoric and Research Writing
A Quick List of Important Rhetorical Devices
Specialized Rhetorical Tropes
Rhetorical Trope Awareness
From Rhetoric to the Research Tale
The Research Tale
The Realist Tale
The Confessional Tale
The Impressionist Tale
The Less Common Tale
The Practice of Research Writing
Get into a Routine
Find Your Focus
Don't Duck the Details
Know When and How to Get Feedback
Follow Accepted Conventions
Other Guides to Good Research Writing
Exploring Alternative Models for Qualitative Research Writing
Evaluating Qualitative Writing
Writing as Qualitative Research
Collective Biography
Literary Analysis and Ethnography
Poetry
Writing and the Mirror, Window, and Lantern
Going Beyond the Skills
Planning Your Research Proposal: Final Draft of the Research Proposal
The Seven Deadly Sins of Qualitative Research
Standards, Virtues, and Pitfalls
Murphy's Law
The Primacy of the Research Question
Bad Judgement in Qualitative Research
The Seven Deadly Sins
The Wisdom of the Seven Deadly Sins
The Sin of Competitiveness, or "One Size Does Not Fit All"
The Sin of Appropriation, or "Qualitative Research Is Not an Envelope"
The Sin of Rigidity, or "You Cannot Tame Everything"
The Sin of Superficiality, or "A Comfortable Idea Is Probably Wrong"
The Sin of Sentimentality, or "The World Is Not for Your Entertainment"
The Sin of Narcissism, or "Life Will Go on Without You"
The Sin of Timidity, or "A Good Idea Is Worth Defending"
Dealing with the Deadly Sins
An Informal Exercise
Once and Future Qualitative Research
Capturing Qualitative Research
The Beginnings of the Qualitative Tradition
The March Toward Quantification
The Scientific Paradigm Shifts
Social Science Tackles Social Reality
The Key Perspectives Fall into Place
Histories of Qualitative Research Within the Disciplines
The Three Directions of Qualitative Practice
Moving Against Quantitative Ideas
Moving with Quantitative Ideas
Moving Away from Quantitative Ideas
Questions from the Frontiers of Qualitative Research
Is There a Spiritual Dimension to Qualitative Research?
Is Qualitative Research Under Attack?
How Should We Prepare the Next Generation of Qualitative Researchers?
Six Quick Trips to the Far Frontiers
Back to the Quiet Place
References

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