Essentials of Geology

ISBN-10: 0131497499
ISBN-13: 9780131497498
Edition: 9th 2006 (Revised)
List price: $110.40
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Description: Building on the tremendous reception to its parent book, Earth 6/e, the same groundbreaking media package is now integrated into this brief version of the best-selling introductory physical geology book. The GEODe II CD-ROM (included with every copy  More...

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Book details

List price: $110.40
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Pearson Education
Binding: Mixed Media
Pages: 504
Size: 9.50" wide x 10.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.970
Language: English

Building on the tremendous reception to its parent book, Earth 6/e, the same groundbreaking media package is now integrated into this brief version of the best-selling introductory physical geology book. The GEODe II CD-ROM (included with every copy of the book), a text-dedicated web site, and mroe, provide complete, state-of-the-art multimedia support for both students and instructors. This book retains the hallmarks professors have come to expect from Tarbuck and Lutgens--student friendly writing style, carefully crafted illustrations by Dennis Tasa that are both geologically accurate and visually appealing, and updated coverage of the most recent geolgic events. For Geologists and Geology instructors.

Fred Lutgens andEd Tarbuck have been good friends and colleagues since 1970. Between them, they have more than 57 years of experience teaching geology to undergraduates, and both have been recognized with awards as excellent and inspiring professors. They share a special interest in introducing geology to beginning students and a belief in the value of field experiences for students of all levels. Lutgens and Tarbuck published their first college text, Earth Science, In 1976. That book, winner of the McGuffy Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association, Is now going into its tenth edition. In 1983, As the first edition of Earth was being prepared, gifted geology illustrator Dennis Tasa joined the author team. Since then the three have collaborated on more than twenty projects. Not only do Tarbuck, Lutgens, and Tasa work well together creatively; they also enjoy spending time in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains near Tasa's New Mexico studio. Tarbuck enjoys downhill skiing in Colorado, fly fishing near his childhood home in Northern Minnesota, and spending time in the Cascades. Lutgens is an avid runner, and when he can make the time, truly enjoys hiking the canyons of the Colorado Plateau. Although Lutgens and Tarbuck think alike on many issues, they don't agree on everything. Lutgens is devoted to jazz and classical music, whereas Tarbuck prefers pop artists or a good country station.

Preface
An Introduction to Geology
The Science of Geology
Historical Notes about Geology
Catastrophism
The Birth of Modern Geology
Geologic Time
The Nature of Scientific Inquiry
Hypothesis
Theory
Scientific Methods
A View of Earth
Hydrosphere
Atmosphere
The Solid Earth
Biosphere
Dynamic Earth
Plate Tectonics
Plate Boundaries
Earth as a System: The Rock Cycle
The Basic Cycle
Alternative Paths
The Rock Cycle and Plate Tectonics
Box 1.1 Earth as a System
Minerals: The Building Blocks of Rocks
Minerals: The Building Blocks of Rocks
The Composition and Structure of Minerals
Atomic Structure
How Atoms Bond Together
Isotopes and Radioactive Decay
Properties of Minerals
Crystal Form
Luster
Color
Streak
Hardness
Cleavage
Fracture
Specific Gravity
Other Properties of Minerals
Mineral Groups
The Silicates
Common Silicate Minerals
Important Nonsilicate Minerals
Mineral Resources
Asbestos: What Are the Risks
Igneous Rocks
Crystallization of Magma
Igneous Textures
Factors Affecting Crystal Size
Types of Igneous Textures
Igneous Compositions
Bowen's Reaction Series
Magmatic Differentiation
Assimilation and Magma Mixing
Naming Igneous Rocks
Igneous Rock Types
Felsic (Granitic) Rocks
Intermediate (Andesitic) Rocks
Mafic (Basaltic) Rocks
Pyroclastic Rocks
Mineral Resources and Igneous Processes
Bingham Canyon, Utah
Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity
The Nature of Volcanic Eruptions
Factors Affecting Viscosity
Importance of Dissolved Gases
Materials Extruded During an Eruption
Lava Flows
Gases
Pyroclastic Materials
Volcanoes and Volcanic Eruptions
Shield Volcanoes
Cinder Cones
Composite Cones
Nuee Ardente: A Deadly Pyroclastic Flow
Lahar
Other Volcanic Landforms
Calderas and Pyroclastic Flows
Fissure Eruptions and Lava Plateaus
Volcanic Pipes and Necks
Intrusive Igneous Activity
Dikes
Sills
Laccoliths
Batholiths
Igneous Activity and Plate Tectonics
Origin of Magma
Partial Melting and Magma Compositions
Distribution of Igneous Activity
Mount St. Helens: Anatomy of an Eruption
Volcano Sizes
Volcanoes and Climate
Weathering and Soils
Earth's External Processes
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
Frost Wedging
Unloading
Biological Activity
Chemical Weathering
Water and Carbonic Acid
How Granite Weathers
Weathering of Silicate Minerals
Spheroidal Weathering
Rates of Weathering
Mineral Makeup
Climate
Differential Weathering
Soil
An Interface in the Earth System
What Is Soil?
Controls of Soil Formation
Parent Material
Time
Climate
Plans and Animals
Slope
The Soil Profile
Soil Types
Pedalfer
Pedocal
Laterite
Soil Erosion
How Soil Is Eroded
Rates of Erosion
Sedimentation and Chemical Pollution
Weathering Creates Ore Deposits
Bauxite
Other Deposits
Laterites and the Clearing of the Rain Forest
Sedimentary Rocks
Types of Sedimentary Rocks
Detrital Sedimentary Rocks
Shale
Sandstone
Conglomerate and Breccia
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
Limestone
Dolostone
Chert
Evaporites
Coal
Turning Sediment into Sedimentary Rock
Classification of Sedimentary Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks Represent Past Environments
Sedimentary Structures
Nonmetallic Mineral Resources From Sedimentary Rocks
Energy Resources From Sedimentary Rocks
Coal
Oil and Natural Gas
United States Per Capita Use of Mineral and Energy Resources
Metamorphic Rocks
Metamorphic Environments
Agents of Metamorphism
Heat as a Metamorphic Agent
Pressure and Stress as Metamorphic Agents
Chemical Activity as a Metamorphic Agent
How Metamorphism Alters Rocks
Textural Changes
Mineralogical Changes
Common Metamorphic Rocks
Foliated Metamorphic Rocks
Nonfoliated Metamorphic Rocks
Contact Metamorphism
Metamorphism Along Fault Zones
Regional Metamorphism
Zones of Regional Metamorphism
Metamorphism and Mineral Resources
Impact Metamorphism and Tectites
Mass Wasting: The Work of Gravity
Mass Wasting and Landform Development
Controls and Triggers of Mass Wasting
The Role of Water
Oversteepened Slopes
Vegetation
Earthquakes as Triggers
Classification of Mass-Wasting Processes
Type of Material
Type of Motion
Rate of Movement
Slump
Rockslide
Debris Flow
Debris Flows in Semiarid Regions
Lahars
Earthflow
Slow Movements
Creep
Solifluction
Reducing Debris-Flow Hazards in the San Francisco Bay Region
The Sensitive Permafrost Landscape
Running Water
Earth as a System: The Hydrologic Cycle
Running Water
Streamflow
Gradient and Channel Characteristics
Discharge
Changes From Upstream to Downstream
Base Level and Graded Streams
Work of Streams
Erosion
Transportation
Deposition
Stream Valleys
Narrow Valleys
Wide Valleys
Floods and Flood Control
Causes of Floods
Flood Control
Drainage Basins and Patterns
The Effect of Urbanization on Discharge
The Red River Floods
Groundwater
Importance of Underground Water
Distribution of Underground Water
The Water Table
How Groundwater Moves
Factors Affecting the Storage and Movement of Groundwater
Porosity
Permeability, Aquitards and Aquifers
Springs
Wells
Artesian Wells
Environmental Problems Associated With Groundwater
Treating Groundwater as a Nonrenewable Resource
Land Subsidence Caused by Groundwater Withdrawal
Groundwater Contamination
Hot Springs and Geysers
Geothermal Energy
The Geologic Work of Groundwater
Caverns
Karst Topography
The Ogallala Aquifer--How Long Will the Water Last?
Glaciers and Glaciation
Glaciers: A Part of Two Basic Cycles
Valley (Alpine) Glaciers
Ice Sheets
Other Types of Glaciers
How Glaciers Move
Rates of Glacial Movement
Budget of a Glacier
Glacial Erosion
Landforms Created by Glacial Erosion
Glaciated Valleys
Aretes and Horns
Roches Moutonnees
Glacial Deposits
Types of Glacial Drift
Moraines, Outwash Plains, and Kettles
Drumlins, Eskers, and Kames
Glaciers of the Ice Age
Some Indirect Effects of Ice Age Glaciers
Causes of Glaciation
Plate Tectonics
Variations in Earth's Orbit
What If the Ice Melted?
Climate Change Recorded in Glacial Ice
Deserts and Wind
Common Misconceptions
Distribution and Causes of Dry Lands
Low-Latitude Deserts
Middle-Latitude Deserts
Geologic Processes In Aird Climates
Weathering
The Role of Water
Basin and Range: The Evolution of Desert Landscape
Transportation of Sediment by Wind
Bed Load
Suspended Load
Wind Erosion
Deflation, Blowouts, and Desert Pavement
Wind Abrasion
Wind Deposits
Sand Deposits
Types of Sand Dunes
Loess Deposits
Desertification: A Global Environmental Problem
Dust Bowl: Soil Erosion in the Great Plains
Shorelines
Waves
Characteristics of Waves
Types of Waves
Wave Erosion
Wave Refraction
Moving Sand Along the Beach
Shoreline Features
Wave-Cut Cliffs and Platforms
Arches, Stacks, Spits, and Bars
Barrier Islands
The Evolving Shore
Shoreline Erosion Problems
Groins
Breakwaters and Seawalls
Beach Nourishment
Abandonment and Relocation
Contrasting the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts
Emergent and Submergent Coasts
Tides
Causes of Tides
Spring and Neap Tides
Tidal Currents
Louisana's Vanishing Coastal Wetlands
Is Global Warming Causing Sea Level to Rise?
The Ocean Floor
The Vast World Ocean
Mapping the Ocean Floor
Continental Margins
Passive Continental Margins
Active Continental Margins
Submarine Canyons and Turbidity Currents
Features of the Deep Ocean Basin
Deep-Ocean Trenches
Abyssal Plains
Seamounts
Mid-Ocean Ridges
Coral Reefs and Atolls
Seafloor Sediments
Terrigenous Sediment
Biogenous Sediment
Hydrogenous Sediment
Drilling Deep Into the Ocean Floor
Seafloor Sediments and Climate Change
Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
What Is an Earthquake?
Earthquakes and Faults
Elastic Rebound
Earthquakes Along the San Andreas
Foreshocks and Aftershocks
Tectonic Forces and Earthquakes
Earthquake Waves
Finding Earthquake Epicenters
Earthquake Intensity and Magnitude
Destruction from Earthquakes
Destruction from Seismic Vibrations
Tsunami
Landslides and Ground Subsidence
Fire
Can Earthquakes Be Predicted?
Short-Range Predictions
Long-Range Forecasts
Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Discovering Earth's Major Layers
Discovering Earth's Composition
Damaging Earthquakes East of the Rockies
Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time
Evidence: The Continental Jigsaw Puzzle
Evidence: Fossils Match Across the Seas
Evidence: Rock Types and Structures Match
Evidence: Ancient Climates
The Great Debate
Plate Tectonics: A Modern Version of an Old Idea
Plate Boundaries
Divergent Boundaries
Convergent Boundaries
Transform Fault Boundaries
Testing the Plate Tectonics Model
Evidence: Paleomagnetism
Magnetic Reversals and Seafloor Spreading
Evidence: Earthquake Patterns
Evidence: Ocean Drilling
Evidence: Hot Spots
Pangaea: Before and After
Breakup of Pangaea
Before Panagea
The Driving Mechanism
Convection Current Hypothesis
Slab-Push and Slab-Pull Hypotheses
Hot Plumes Hypothesis
Plate Tectonics Into the Future
Mountain Building
Crustal Uplift
Isostasy
Isostatic Adjustment
Rock Deformation
Types of Deformation
Folds
Faults
Joints
Mountain Types
Fault-Block Mountains
Upwarped Mountains
Folded Mountains
Mountain Building
Mountain Building at Convergent Boundaries
Mountain Building and Continental Accretion
The San Andreas Fault System
The Rocky Mountains
Geologic Time
Geology Needs a Time Scale
Relative Dating--Key Principles
Law of Superposition
Principle of Original Horizontality
Principle of Cross-Cutting Relationships
Inclusions
Unconformities
Using Relative Dating Principles
Correlation of Rock Layers
Fossils: Evidence of Past Life
Types of Fossils
Conditions Favoring Preservation
Fossils and Correlation
Dating with Radioactivity
Radioactivity
Half-Life
Radiometric Dating
Dating With Carbon-14
Importance of Radiometric Dating
The Geologic Time Scale
Structure of the Time Scale
Precambrian Time
Difficulties in Dating the Geologic Time Scale
Radon
Earth History: A Brief Summary
Origin of Earth
Earth's Atmosphere Evolves
Precambrian Time: Vast and Enigmatic
Precambrian Rocks
Precambrian Fossils
Paleozoic Era: Life Explodes
Early Paleozoic History
Early Paleozoic Life
Late Paleozoic History
Late Paleozoic Life
Mesozoic Era: Age of the Dinosaurs
Mesozoic History
Mesozoic Life
Cenozoic Era: Age of Mammals
Cenozoic North America
Cenozoic Life
The Great Paleozoic Extinction
Demise of the Dinosaurs
Metric and English Units Compared
Periodic Table of the Elements
Mineral Identification Key
Topographic Maps
Glossary
Index

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