Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers With Microfluidics and CFD

ISBN-10: 0131482122

ISBN-13: 9780131482128

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)

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Description: James O. Wilkes offers a comprehensive understanding of fluid mechanics suitable for the chemical engineer or upper level student. He covers all material necessary to pass the fluid mechanics portion of the Professional Engineer's exam.

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Book details

List price: $160.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 9/29/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 784
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 3.388
Language: English

Preface
Macroscopic Fluid Mechanics
Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
Fluid Mechanics in Chemical Engineering
General Concepts of a Fluid
Stresses, Pressure, Velocity, and the Basic Laws
Physical Properties-Density, Viscosity, and Surface Tension
Units and Systems of Units
Units Conversion
Mass of Air in a Room
Hydrostatics
Pressure in an Oil Storage Tank
Multiple Fluid Hydrostatics
Pressure Variations in a Gas
Hydrostatic Force on a Curved Surface
Application of Archimedes' Law
Pressure Change Caused by Rotation
Overflow from a Spinning Container
Problems for Chapter 1
Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances
General Conservation Laws
Mass Balances
Mass Balance for Tank Evacuation
Energy Balances
Pumping n-Pentane
Bernoulli's Equation
Applications of Bernoulli's Equation
Tank Filling
Momentum Balances
Impinging Jet of Water
Velocity of Wave on Water
Flow Measurement by a Rotameter
Pressure, Velocity, and Flow Rate Measurement
Problems for Chapter 2
Fluid Friction in Pipes
Introduction
Laminar Flow
Polymer Flow in a Pipeline
Models for Shear Stress
Piping and Pumping Problems
Unloading Oil from a Tanker Specified Flow Rate and Diameter
Unloading Oil from a Tanker Specified Diameter and Pressure Drop
Unloading Oil from a Tanker Specified Flow Rate and Pressure Drop
Unloading Oil from a Tanker Miscellaneous Additional Calculations
Flow in Noncircular Ducts
Flow in an Irrigation Ditch
Compressible Gas Flow in Pipelines
Compressible Flow in Nozzles
Complex Piping Systems
Solution of a Piping/Pumping Problem
Problems for Chapter 3
Flow in Chemical Engineering Equipment
Introduction
Pumps and Compressors
Pumps in Series and Parallel
Drag Force on Solid Particles in Fluids
Manufacture of Lead Shot
Flow Through Packed Beds
Pressure Drop in a Packed-Bed Reactor
Filtration
Fluidization
Dynamics of a Bubble-Cap Distillation Column
Cyclone Separators
Sedimentation
Dimensional Analysis
Thickness of the Laminar Sublayer
Problems for Chapter 4
Microscopic Fluid Mechanics
Differential Equations of Fluid Mechanics
Introduction to Vector Analysis
Vector Operations
The Gradient of a Scalar
The Divergence of a Vector
An Alternative to the Differential Element
The Curl of a Vector
The Laplacian of a Scalar
Other Coordinate Systems
The Convective Derivative
Differential Mass Balance
Physical Interpretation of the Net Rate of Mass Outflow
Alternative Derivation of the Continuity Equation
Differential Momentum Balances
Newtonian Stress Components in Cartesian Coordinates
Constant-Viscosity Momentum Balances in Terms of Velocity Gradients
Vector Form of Variable-Viscosity Momentum Balance
Problems for Chapter 5
Solution of Viscous-Flow Problems
Introduction
Solution of the Equations of Motion in Rectangular Coordinates
Flow Between Parallel Plates
Alternative Solution Using a Shell Balance
Shell Balance for Flow Between Parallel Plates
Film Flow on a Moving Substrate
Transient Viscous Diffusion of Momentum (COMSOL)
Poiseuille and Couette Flows in Polymer Processing
The Single-Screw Extruder
Flow Patterns in a Screw Extruder (COMSOL)
Solution of the Equations of Motion in Cylindrical Coordinates
Flow Through an Annular Die
Spinning a Polymeric Fiber
Solution of the Equations of Motion in Spherical Coordinates
Analysis of a Cone-and-Plate Rheometer
Problems for Chapter 6
Laplace's Equation, Irrotational and Porous-Media Flows
Introduction
Rotational and Irrotational Flows
Forced and Free Vortices
Steady Two-Dimensional Irrotational Flow
Physical Interpretation of the Stream Function
Examples of Planar Irrotational Flow
Stagnation Flow
Combination of a Uniform Stream and a Line Sink (C)
Flow Patterns in a Lake (COMSOL)
Axially Symmetric Irrotational Flow
Uniform Streams and Point Sources
Doublets and Flow Past a Sphere
Single-Phase Flow in a Porous Medium
Underground Flow of Water
Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media
Wave Motion in Deep Water
Problems for Chapter 7
Boundary-Layer and Other Nearly Unidirectional Flows
Introduction
Simplified Treatment of Laminar Flow Past a Flat Plate
Flow in an Air Intake (C)
Simplification of the Equations of Motion
Blasius Solution for Boundary-Layer Flow
Turbulent Boundary Layers
Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers Compared
Dimensional Analysis of the Boundary-Layer Problem
Boundary-Layer Separation
Boundary-Layer Flow Between Parallel Plates (COMSOL Library)
Entrance Region for Laminar Flow Between Flat Plates
The Lubrication Approximation
Flow in a Lubricated Bearing (COMSOL)
Polymer Processing by Calendering
Pressure Distribution in a Calendered Sheet
Thin Films and Surface Tension
Problems for Chapter 8
Turbulent Flow
Introduction
Numerical Illustration of a Reynolds Stress Term
Physical Interpretation of the Reynolds Stresses
Mixing-Length Theory
Determination of Eddy Kinematic Viscosity and Mixing Length
Velocity Profiles Based on Mixing-Length Theory
Investigation of the von Karman Hypothesis
The Universal Velocity Profile for Smooth Pipes
Friction Factor in Terms of Reynolds Number for Smooth Pipes
Expression for the Mean Velocity
Thickness of the Laminar Sublayer
Velocity Profiles and Friction Factor for Rough Pipe
Blasius-Type Law and the Power-Law Velocity Profile
A Correlation for the Reynolds Stresses
Computation of Turbulence by the [kappa]/[epsilon] Method
Flow Through an Orifice Plate (COMSOL)
Turbulent Jet Flow (COMSOL)
Analogies Between Momentum and Heat Transfer
Evaluation of the Momentum/Heat-Transfer Analogies
Turbulent Jets
Problems for Chapter 9
Bubble Motion, Two-Phase Flow, and Fluidization
Introduction
Rise of Bubbles in Unconfined Liquids
Rise Velocity of Single Bubbles
Pressure Drop and Void Fraction in Horizontal Pipes
Two-Phase Flow in a Horizontal Pipe
Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Pipes
Limits of Bubble Flow
Performance of a Gas-Lift Pump
Two-Phase Flow in a Vertical Pipe
Flooding
Introduction to Fluidization
Bubble Mechanics
Bubbles in Aggregatively Fluidized Beds
Fluidized Bed with Reaction (C)
Problems for Chapter 10
Non-Newtonian Fluids
Introduction
Classification of Non-Newtonian Fluids
Constitutive Equations for Inelastic Viscous Fluids
Pipe Flow of a Power-Law Fluid
Pipe Flow of a Bingham Plastic
Non-Newtonian Flow in a Die (COMSOL Library)
Constitutive Equations for Viscoelastic Fluids
Response to Oscillatory Shear
Characterization of the Rheological Properties of Fluids
Proof of the Rabinowitsch Equation
Working Equation for a Coaxial-Cylinder Rheometer: Newtonian Fluid
Problems for Chapter 11
Microfluidics and Electrokinetic Flow Effects
Introduction
Physics of Microscale Fluid Mechanics
Pressure-Driven Flow Through Microscale Tubes
Calculation of Reynolds Numbers
Mixing, Transport, and Dispersion
Species, Energy, and Charge Transport
The Electrical Double Layer and Electrokinetic Phenomena
Relative Magnitudes of Electroosmotic and Pressure-Driven Flows
Electroosmotic Flow Around a Particle
Electroosmosis in a Microchannel (COMSOL)
Electroosmotic Switching in a Branched Microchannel (COMSOL)
Measuring the Zeta Potential
Magnitude of Typical Streaming Potentials
Electroviscosity
Particle and Macromolecule Motion in Microfluidic Channels
Gravitational and Magnetic Settling of Assay Beads
Problems for Chapter 12
An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics and Flowlab
Introduction and Motivation
Numerical Methods
Learning CFD by Using FlowLab
Practical CFD Examples
Developing Flow in a Pipe Entrance Region (FlowLab)
Pipe Flow Through a Sudden Expansion (FlowLab)
A Two-Dimensional Mixing Junction (FlowLab)
Flow Over a Cylinder (FlowLab)
References for Chapter 13
Comsol (Femlab) Multiphysics for Solving Fluid Mechanics Problems
Introduction to COMSOL
How to Run COMSOL
Flow in a Porous Medium with an Obstruction (COMSOL)
Draw Mode
Solution and Related Modes
Fluid Mechanics Problems Solvable by COMSOL
Problems for Chapter 14
Useful Mathematical Relationships
Answers to the True/False Assertions
Some Vector and Tensor Operations
Index
The Authors
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