Essentials of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Basic Geotechnics

ISBN-10: 0131145606

ISBN-13: 9780131145603

Edition: 7th 2007 (Revised)

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Description: For courses in Soil Mechanics and Foundations. Essentials of Soil Mechanics and Foundations: Basic Geotechnics, Seventh Edition, provides a clear, detailed presentation of soil mechanics: the background and basics, the engineering properties and behavior of soil deposits, and the application of soil mechanics theories. Appropriate for soil mechanics courses in engineering, architectural and construction-related programs, this new edition features a separate chapter on earthquakes, a more logical organization, and new material relating to pile foundations design and construction and soil permeability. Its rich applications, well-illustrated examples, end-of-chapter problems and detailed explanations make it an excellent reference for students, practicing engineers, architects, geologists, environmental specialists and more.

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Book details

List price: $168.60
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Publication date: 8/23/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 864
Size: 7.75" wide x 10.00" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 3.652
Language: English

Background and Basics
The Soil and Rock of Planet Earth: Geologic Overview
Rock: The Source of Soils
Soil Categories: Transported, Residual
Transported Soils
Residual Soils
Soil Gases and Liquids
Plate Tectonics
Effect on Design and Construction
Soil Types and Soil Structure
Major Soil Types
Particle Shapes and Sizes
Clay and Water
Soil Structure
Some Special Soil Categories
Collapsible Soils
Expansive Clays
Dispersive Clays
Soil Composition: Terminology and Definitions
Soil Composition: Analytical Representation
Weight-Volume, Mass-Volume Relationship
Basic Terms Relating to Soil Composition and Condition
Submerged Soil
Index Properties and Classification Tests, and Soil Classification Systems
Index Properties
Classification Tests
Particle Size Distribution (Mechanical Analysis)
In-Place Density, In-Place Unit Weight
Relative Density
Water Content
Consistency of Clays
Consistency in the Remolded State and Plasticity
Presence of Clay Minerals
Testing for Dispersive Clays
Other Properties
ASTM and AASHTO Test Procedure Designations
Classification Systems
Application to Transported Soil Deposits and Residual Soil Formations
Soil Taxonomy-Global Soil Orders
Site Investigations: Purpose and Methods, Information and Procedures Available
Maps and Aerial Photographs as Sources of Information
Borings and Test Pits
Borings Methods
Soil Sampling
Sample Spacing in Soil Borings
Borings Spacing and Depth
Rock Core Drilling
Test Pits
Soil Resistance Testing in Boreholes
Penetration Resistance and the Standard Penetration Test
SPT Modifications
Penetration Resistance and Cone Penetrometers
Presentation of Borings Information
Borings Logs, CPT Sounding Logs/Profiles
Recognizing Limitations of Borings and Penetrometer Data
In-Place Testing
In-Place Shear Tests-Vane Shear
Slope Inclination Indicator
Pore Pressure and Piezometers
Dilatometer and Pressuremeter Tests
Groundwater, Soil Water, and Soil Gas Sampling
Geophysical Methods
Seismic Refraction
Electrical Resistivity
Correlation between Resistivity and Earth Materials
Thickness of Layers
Ground-Penetrating Radar
Engineering Properties and Behavior of Soil Deposits
Movement of Water through Soil: Basic Hydrogeology, Subsurface Flow, Permeability, Capillarity
Basic Hydrogeology
Subsurface Flow, Basic Facts
Permeability (Hydraulic Conductivity)
Factors Affecting Flow
Darcy's Law for Flow
Laminar and Turbulent Flow
Effect of Soil Type
Kozeny-Carman Equation for Permeability
Empirical Relationships
Permeability Tests
Laboratory Permeability Tests
Field Permeability Tests
Water in Capillary Tubes
Capillary Rise in Soil
Time Rate of Capillary Rise
Suspended Capillaries
Elimination of Capillary Water in Soil
Effects of Surface Tension
Movement of Water through Soil: Practical Effects: Seepage, Drainage, Frost Heave, Contamination
Flow Nets and Seepage
Flow of Subsurface Water
The Need for Flow Nets and Flow Net Theory
Boundaries for the Flow Net
Flow Nets for Nonisotropic Soils
Uplift Forces
Other Seepage Forces
Practical Considerations
Conditions Requiring Drainage
Dewatering Shallow Excavations
Dewatering Intermediate Depths
Deep Drainage
Consolidation Drainage
Summary: Techniques for Subsurface Drainage
Drainage after Construction
Foundation Drains
Blanket Drains
Interceptor Drains
Flow Through a Structure
Filter Design (Aggregate Filters)
Drainage, Filtration, Separation, and Protection with Geosynthetics (Synthetic Fabrics)
Land Drainage
Effects of Drainage
Soil Percolation Rate
Frost Heave in Soils
Soil and Groundwater Contamination
Soil Gas
Use of Geosynthetics to Prevent Ground Contamination
Combined Stresses in Soil Masses: Stress at a Point and Mohr's Circle
Stress at a Point: Analytical Development
Mohr's Circle
Subsurface Stresses
Stresses Caused by the Soil Mass
Vertical Stresses
Effect of Groundwater Table
Horizontal (Lateral) Stresses
Stress within the Soil Mass Resulting from Vertical Surface Loading
Uniform Homogeneous Soils
Boussinesq Stress Distribution
Westergaard Stress Distribution
Computational Aids
Application for Foundation Loading
Sixty-Degree Approximation
Layered Soils Having Different Properties
Effect of Foundation Installation Below Finished Grade
Effect of Changing the Surface Grade
Settlement: Soil Compression, Volume Distortion, Consolidation
Basic Considerations
Settlement of Foundations on Sand
Schmertmann Method
Dilatometer Method
Approximations for Estimating Settlement of Foundations on Sand
Settlement of Foundations on Clay Soils
Volume Distortion Settlement for Clays
Primary Compression Settlement for Clays
Secondary Compression of Clay Soil
Settlement Resulting from Earth Fill
Acceleration of the Soil Improvement Process
Horizontal Drainage
Shear Strength Theory
Laboratory Tests
Direct Shear Test
Triaxial Compression Test
Plane Strain and Axisymmetrical Strain
Unconfined Compression Test
Vane-Shear Test
Shear Test Results Plotted on Mohr's Circle Coordinates
Strength or Failure Envelope
Shearing Strength
Shearing Strength of Cohesionless Soil
Approximating Values of [phi] from Site Investigation Data (SPT, CPT DMT)
Shearing Strength of Clay Soils
Shear Strength of Clay Related to Triaxial Testing
Approximating Shear Strength of Cohesive Soil from Site Investigation Data (SPT, CPT, DMT, VST)
Shear Strength of Mixed Soils
Position of Failure Plane Related to Angle [phi]
Stress Paths
Stress Path for Tests in Consolidated-Drained Conditions
Stress Path for Tests in Consolidated-Undrained Conditions
Earthquakes and the Effects
Causes and Effects
Applications to Design
NEHRP Provisions (USA)
Application of Soil Mechanics Theories
Foundations: Introductory Concepts
General Types of Foundations-Foundation Categories
Spread Footings
Mat (or Raft) Foundations
Pile and Pier Foundations
Floating Foundations
Pile Foundation Types and Installation Procedures
Pile Drivers for Driven Piles
Pile Types and Materials
Representative Pile Load Capacities and Available Lengths
Methods to Aid Pile Installation
Other Installation Considerations
Relating Soil Conditions and Foundation Types
Foundations: Design Considerations and Methods
Shallow Foundations-Design and Installation Criteria
Basic Concepts-Long (Strip) Footings
Bearing Capacity Equations
Additional Considerations, Bearing Capacity Equation
Application for Design-The Extended Bearing Capacity Equation
Footings on Slopes
Footing Design Data from Penetration Resistance in Boreholes
Standard Penetration Test and Sand
Standard Penetration Test and Cohesive Soil
Cone Penetrometer Test (CPT) and Sand
Static Cone Penetrometer and Cohesive Soil
The Pressuremeter and Foundation Design
Effects of Seismic Events
Seismic Bearing Capacity of Spread Footing Foundations
Seismic-Induced Liquefaction
Presumptive Bearing Pressures
Foundation Walls
Deep Foundations-Capacity and Installation Criteria
Pile and Pier Foundations
Statical Analysis (Single Pile Capacity)
Effective Stress Method
Total Stress Method
Factor of Safety
Negative Shaft Capacity
Other Design Considerations
Uplift Capacity (Single Pile)
Statical Method-Bored Piers and Piles (Drilled Shaft Foundations)
Arrangement for Piles in a Group
Group Capacity
Pile Group Settlement
Pile Load Tests
Pile-Driving Formulas
Supervision of Foundation Construction
Site Improvement: Earth Moving, Compaction, and Stabilization
Field Procedures-General Considerations, Methods, and Techniques
Alternative Methods of Transporting Earth Fill
Field Equipment-Surface Zone Compaction
Surface Compaction Equipment
Deep-Ground Improvement Techniques
Stone Columns: Vibroreplacement, Vibrodisplacement Processes
Controlled Modulus Columns (CMC)
Deep Soil Mixing
Dynamic Deep Compaction/Consolidation
Dynamic Replacement
Compacting by Explosives
Vacuum Consolidation
Soil Stabilization
Use of Natural and Chemical Additives
Use of Geosynthetics for Stabilization and Reinforcement
Methods for Establishing Required Soil Density
Field Control and Field Density Tests
Sand-Cone Method
Balloon Method
Nuclear Moisture-Density Method
Stability of Unsupported Slopes
Types of Slope Movements
Isotropic Soils and Uniform Slopes of Infinite Extent
Cohesionless Soil
Soils Possessing Cohesion
Slopes of Finite Extent-Soils Possessing Cohesion
Types of Rotational Slides in Isotropic Soils
Stability Analysis-General Concepts
Strength Properties for Analysis-Clay and Mixed Soils
Basic Methods for Stability Analysis
Methods of Slices
Noncircular Slip Surfaces
Effect of Tension Cracks
Sliding Block Analysis
Computational Aids-Slope Stability Charts
Taylor Charts
Bishop-Morganstern, Barnes Charts
Barnes Charts/Tables for Excavated Slopes
Spencer Charts
Morganstern Charts for Rapid Drawdown
Variation in Shear Stress and Factor of Safety
Improving Stability of Slopes
Lateral Pressures and Retaining Structures
Lateral Earth Pressure and Retaining Walls
At-Rest Pressure
Effect of Submergence
Active and Passive Lateral Pressures-Basic Considerations
Earth Pressures against Retaining Walls
Classical Theories
Lateral Pressures Related to Wall Movement
Practical Considerations
Cohesionless Soil Backfill
Goh Analysis
Cohesive Soil Backfill
Recommended Design Criteria for Gravity Walls
Effects of Groundwater and Freezing
Retaining Wall Design Requirements
Common Types of Walls, Construction Considerations
Basic Design Considerations
Surface Loads near Wall
Terzaghi-Peck Charts for Backfill Pressures
Earthquake Forces and Gravity Retaining Walls
Alternate Types of Retaining Structures
Gabion Retaining Walls
Reinforced Earth
Soil Nail Wall and Ground Anchor Wall Systems
Launched Soil Nails
Excavation Bracing
Types and Installation of Excavation Bracing
Lateral Pressures for Designing Bracing
Anchored Bulkheads
Water-Retaining Structures: Dams
Earth Fill Dams
Rockfill Dams
Concrete and Masonry Dams
Application of LaPlace Equation to Flow Nets
Laboratory Procedure to Determine Coefficient of Consolidation
Mathematical Development of the Bishop Equation for Slope Stability
Answers to Selected Problems
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