Analysis and Management of Animal Populations

ISBN-10: 0127544062
ISBN-13: 9780127544069
Edition: 2002
List price: $205.00
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Book details

List price: $205.00
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 4/17/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 817
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.50" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 4.686
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Framework for Modeling, Estimation, and Management of Animal Populations
Introduction to Population Ecology
Some Definitions
Population Dynamics
Factors Affecting Populations
Management of Animal Populations
Individuals, Fitness, and Life History Characteristics
Community Dynamics
Discussion
Scientific Process in Animal Ecology
Causation in Animal Ecology
Approaches to the Investigation of Causes
Scientific Methods
Hypothesis Confirmation
Inductive Logic in Scientific Method
Statistical Inference
Investigating Complementary Hypotheses
Discussion
Models and the Investigation of Populations
Types of Biological Models
Keys to Successful Model Use
Uses of Models in Population Biology
Determinants of Model Utility
Hypotheses, Models, and Science
Discussion
Estimation and Hypothesis Testing in Animal Ecology
Statistical Distributions
Parameter Estimation
Hypothesis Testing
Information-Theoretic Approaches
Bayesian Extension of Likelihood Theory
Discussion
Survey Sampling and the Estimation of Population Parameters
Sampling Issues
Features of a Sampling Design
Simple Random and Stratified Random Sampling
Other Sampling Approaches
Common Problems in Sampling Designs
Discussion
Design of Experiments in Animal Ecology
Principles of Experimental Design
Completely Randomized Designs
Randomized Block Designs
Covariation and Analysis of Covariance
Hierarchical Designs
Random Effects and Nested Designs
Statistical Power and Experimental Design
Constrained Experimental Designs and Quasi-Experiments
Discussion
Dynamic Modeling of Animal Populations
Principles of Model Development and Assessment
Modeling Goals
Attributes of Population Models
Describing Population Models
Constructing a Population Model
Model Assessment
A Systematic Approach to the Modeling of Animal Populations
Discussion
Traditional Models of Population Dynamics
Density-Independent Growth--The Exponential Model
Density-Dependent Growth--The Logistic Model
Cohort Models
Models with Age Structure
Models with Size Structure
Models with Geographic Structure
Lotka-Volterra Predator-Prey Models
Models of Competing Populations
A General Model for Interacting Species
Discussion
Model Identification with Time Series Data
Model Identification Based on Ordinary Least Squares
Other Measures of Model Fit
Correlated Estimates of Population Size
Optimal Identification
Identifying Models with Population Size as a Function of Time
Identifying Models Using Lagrangian Multipliers
Stability of Parameter Estimates
Identifying System Properties in the Absence of a Specified Model
Discussion
Stochastic Processes in Population Models
Bernoulli Counting Processes
Poisson Counting Processes
Discrete Markov Processes
Continuous Markov Processes
Semi-Markov Processes
Markov Decision Processes
Brownian Motion
Other Stochastic Processes
Discussion
The Use of Models in Conservation and Management
Dynamics of Harvested Populations
Conservation and Extinction of Populations
Discussion
Estimation Methods for Animal Populations
Estimating Abundance Based on Counts
Overview of Abundance Estimation
A Canonical Population Estimator
Population Censuses
Complete Detectability of Individuals on Sample Units of Equal Area
Complete Detectability of Individuals on Sample Units of Unequal Area
Partial Detectability of Individuals on Sample Units
Indices to Population Abundance or Density
Discussion
Estimating Abundance with Distance-Based Methods
Point-to-Object Methods
Line Transect Sampling
Point Sampling
Design of Line Transect and Point Sampling Studies
Other Issues
Discussion
Estimating Abundance for Closed Populations with Mark-Recapture Methods
Two-Sample Lincoln-Petersen Estimator
K-Sample Capture-Recapture Models
Density Estimation with Capture-Recapture
Removal Methods
Change-in-Ratio Methods
Discussion
Estimation of Demographic Parameters
Detectability and Demographic Rate Parameters
Analysis of Age Frequencies
Analysis of Discrete Survival and Nest Success Data
Analysis of Failure Times
Random Effects and Known-Fate Data
Discussion
Estimation of Survival Rates with Band Recoveries
Single-Age Models
Multiple-Age Models
Reward Studies for Estimating Reporting Rates
Analysis of Band Recoveries for Nonharvested Species
Poststratification of Recoveries and Analysis of Movements
Design of Banding Studies
Discussion
Estimating Survival, Movement, and Other State Transitions with Mark-Recapture Methods
Single-Age Models
Multiple-Age Models
Multistate Models
Reverse-Time Models
Mark-Recapture with Auxiliary Data
Study Design
Discussion
Estimating Abundance and Recruitment with Mark-Recapture Methods
Data Structure
Jolly-Seber Approach
Superpopulation Approach
Pradel's Temporal Symmetry Approach
Relationships among Approaches
Study Design
Discussion
Combining Closed and Open Mark-Recapture Models: The Robust Design
Data Structure
Ad Hoc Approach
Likelihood-Based Approach
Special Estimation Problems
Study Design
Discussion
Estimation of Community Parameters
An Analogy between Populations and Communities
Estimation of Species Richness
Estimating Parameters of Community Dynamics
Discussion
Decision Analysis for Animal Populations
Optimal Decision Making in Population Biology
Optimization and Population Dynamics
Objective Functions
Stationary Optimization under Equilibrium Conditions
Stationary Optimization under Nonequilibrium Conditions
Discussion
Traditional Approaches to Optimal Decision Analysis
The Geometry of Optimization
Unconstrained Optimization
Classical Programming
Nonlinear Programming
Linear Programming
Discussion
Modern Approaches to Optimal Decision Analysis
Calculus of Variations
Pontryagin's Maximum Principle
Dynamic Programming
Heuristic Approaches
Discussion
Uncertainty, Learning, and Decision Analysis
Decision Analysis in Natural Resource Conservation
General Framework for Decision Analysis
Uncertainty and the Control of Dynamic Resources
Optimal Control with a Single Model
Optimal Control with Multiple Models
Adaptive Optimization and Learning
Expected Value of Perfect Information
Partial Observability
Generalizations of Adaptive Optimization
Accounting for All Sources of Uncertainty
"Passive" Adaptive Optimization
Discussion
Case Study: Management of the Sport Harvest of North American Waterfowl
Background and History
Components of a Regulatory Process
Adaptive Harvest Management
Modeling Population Dynamics
Harvest Objectives
Regulatory Alternatives
Identifying Optimal Regulations
Some Ongoing Issues in Waterfowl Harvest Management
Discussion
Conditional Probability and Bayes' Theorem
Matrix Algebra
Definitions
Matrix Addition and Multiplication
Matrix Determinants
Inverse of a Matrix
Orthogonal and Orthonormal Matrices
Trace of a Matrix
Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues
Linear and Quadratic Forms
Positive-Definite and Semidefinite Matrices
Matrix Differentiation
Differential Equations
First-Order Linear Homogeneous Equations
Nonlinear Homogeneous Equations--Stability Analysis
Graphical Methods
Difference Equations
First-Order Linear Homogeneous Equations
Nonlinear Homogeneous Equations--Stability Analysis
Some Probability Distributions and Their Properties
Discrete Distributions
Continuous Distributions
Methods for Estimating Statistical Variation
Distribution-Based Variance Estimation
Empirical Variance Estimation
Estimating Variances and Covariances with the Information Matrix
Approximating Variance with the Delta Method
Jackknife Estimators of Mean and Variance
Bootstrap Estimation
Computer Software for Population and Community Estimation
Estimation of Abundance and Density for Closed Populations
Estimation of Abundance and Demographic Parameters for Open Populations
Estimation of Community Parameters
Software Availability
The Mathematics of Optimization
Unconstrained Optimization
Classical Programming
Nonlinear Programming
Linear Programming
Calculus of Variations
Pontryagin's Maximum Principle
Dynamic Programming
References
Index

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