Population Limitation in Birds

ISBN-10: 0125173660
ISBN-13: 9780125173667
Edition: 1998
List price: $129.00 Buy it from $77.19
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Description: An understanding of the processes of population limitation is central to the study of ecological science. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to understanding the processes of population limitation, using birds as an example.

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Book details

List price: $129.00
Copyright year: 1998
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 9/9/1998
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 597
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.794
Language: English

An understanding of the processes of population limitation is central to the study of ecological science. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to understanding the processes of population limitation, using birds as an example.

Dr. Ian Newton is respected world-wide both as a biologist with a special interest and expertise in this subject and as a communicator. He is a seasoned and popular key note speaker at National and International meetings, and his talks are often the high point of conferences.Ian Newton was born and raised in north Derbyshire. He attended Chesterfield Boys Grammar School, followed by the universities of Bristol and Oxford. He has been interested in birds since boyhood, and as a teenager developed a particular fascination with finches, which later led to doctoral and post-doctoral studies on these birds. Later in life he became known fore his penetrating field studies of bird populations, notably on raptors. He is now a senior ecologist with the Natural Environment Research Council, and visiting professor of ornithology at the University of Oxford. Most of his research has been in Scotland, but he has also spent a sabbatical year with the Canadian Wildlife Service, studying waterfowl, and is a frequent visitor to research groups in the United States and elsewhere. He has published more than 200 scientific papers on birds, and several books, including Finches (1972), Population Ecology of Raptors (1979), The Sparrowhawk (1986), and Lifetime Reproduction in Birds (edited, 1989). He has served as President of the British Ecological Society, Vice-president of the British Ornithologists' Union, and is honorary member of the American Ornithologists' Union. He has received several prestigious awards for research and conservation, and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1993. He is married, and has two sons and a daughter.

Preface
Preview
Bird numbers
Counting birds
Population trends
Environmental limiting factors
Demographic parameters
Density-dependence
Pest control and hunting
Social behaviour
Life-history features
Concluding remarks
Summary
Behaviour and Density Regulation
Social Systems and Status
Social Systems
Advantages of dominance
Performance of territorial and non-territorial individuals
Advantages of submission
Some consequences of dominance relationships
Other inequalities
Summary
Habitat and Density Regulation
Local settlement in relation to resource levels
Effect of habitat variation on settlement pattern
Sources and sinks
Other responses to habitat saturation
Non-territorial adults
Measurement of carrying capacity
Disparate carrying capacities of breeding and wintering habitats
Estimating the effects of habitat loss
Concluding remarks
Summary
Territorial Behaviour and Density Limitation
Density limitation
Removal experiments
Discussion
Concluding remarks
Summary
Density-dependence
Annual counts
Life-cycle studies
Experimental manipulations of density
Other density-dependent responses
Spatial density-dependence
Concluding remarks
Summary
Habitat Fragments and Metapopulations
Metapopulations
Field evidence for metapopulations
Mainland-island metapopulations
Other factors affecting the persistence of metapopulations
Habitat fragmentation and regional extinctions
Continuous populations in fragmented landscapes
Concluding remarks
Summary
Natural Limiting Factors
Food-supply
Effects of food-shortage on individuals
Correlations between bird numbers and food-supplies
Measurements on the birds themselves
Measurements on the food-supply
Experimental manipulations of food-supplies
Summary
Nest-sites
Species that nest in tree-cavities
Species that nest of cliffs or other restricted sites
Factors constraining the types of site used
Summary
Predation
The predators
Some theoretical considerations
Effects of predation on individuals
Predation in the annual cycle
Effects of predation on populations
Habitat-predation interactions
Manipulation of predation
Other issues
Concluding remarks
Summary
Parasites and Pathogens
The parasites
Effects of parasites on individuals
Effects of parasites on populations
Other conservation problems
Concluding remarks
Summary
Weather
General weather effects
Prolonged severe weather
Episodic weather events
Oceanic conditions
Selective mortality resulting from weather events
Concluding remarks
Summary
Inter-specific Competition
Effects on individuals
Effects on populations: long-term responses
Effects on populations: short-term responses
Experimental evidence for effects of competition
Apparent competition: sharing of natural enemies
Summary
Interactions between Different Limiting Factors
Review of experimental and other evidence
Interactions involving different resources
Interactions between nest-sites, predators and parasites
Inter-specific interactions
Interactions between food-supplies, predators and parasites
Food and pollutants
Other interactive factors
Concluding remarks
Summary
Human Impacts
Hunting and Pest Control
Hunting
Pest control
Summary
Pesticides and Pollutants
Some general points about pesticides
Direct effects on populations
Indirect effects on populations through food-shortage
Indirect effects on populations through alteration of habitats
Genetic aspects
Use of historical material
Concluding remarks
Summary
Extinction
Natural extinctions
Human-caused extinctions
Some general points
Role of chance in extinctions
Predictions of future extinctions
Examples of populations recovering from small numbers
Concluding remarks
Summary
Bibliography
Index

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