Biogeochemistry An Analysis of Global Change

ISBN-10: 0123858747
ISBN-13: 9780123858740
Edition: 3rd 2013
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Description: For the past 4 billion years, the chemistry of the Earth's surface, where all life exists, has changed remarkably. Historically, these changes have occurred slowly enough to allow life to adapt and evolve. In more recent times, the chemistry of the  More...

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Book details

List price: $99.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 1/14/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 688
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.146
Language: English

For the past 4 billion years, the chemistry of the Earth's surface, where all life exists, has changed remarkably. Historically, these changes have occurred slowly enough to allow life to adapt and evolve. In more recent times, the chemistry of the Earth is being altered at a staggering rate, fueled by industrialization and an ever-growing human population. Human activities, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are all leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth.The Third Edition of Biogeochemistry considers the effects of life on the Earth's chemistry on a global level. This expansive text employs current technology to help students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With the Earth's changing chemistry as the focus, this text pulls together the many disparate fields that are encompassed by the broad reach of biogeochemistry. With extensive cross-referencing of chapters, figures, and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic at hand, this text will provide an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and will also be a useful self-study guide. Emphasizes the effects of life on the basic chemistry of the atmosphere, the soils, and seawaters of the EarthCalculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistrySynthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfideIncludes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry

Preface
Acknowledgments
Processes and Reactions
Introduction
What Is Biogeochemistry?
Understanding the Earth as a Chemical System
Scales of Endeavor
Lovelock's Gaia
Origins
Introduction
Origins of the Elements
Origin of the Solar System and the Solid Earth
Origin of the Atmosphere and the Oceans
Origin of Life
Evolution of Metabolic Pathways
Comparative Planetary History: Earth, Mars, and Venus
Summary
The Atmosphere
Introduction
Structure and Circulation
Atmospheric Composition
Biogeochemical Reactions in the Troposphere
Atmospheric Deposition
Biogeochemical Reactions in the Stratosphere
Models of the Atmosphere and Global Climate
Summary
- The Lithosphere
Introduction
Rock Weathering
Soil Chemical Reactions
Soil Development
Weathering Rates
Summary
The Biosphere: The Carbon Cycle of Terrestrial Ecosystems
Introduction
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Net Primary Production
Net Ecosystem Production and Eddy-Covariance Studies
The Fate of Net Primary Production
Remote Sensing of Primary Production and Biomass
Global Estimates of Net Primary Production and Biomass
Net Primary Production and Global Change
Detritus
Soil Organic Matter and Global Change
Summary
The Biosphere: Biogeochemical Cycling on Land
Introduction
Biogeochemical Cycling in Land Plants
Nutrient Allocations and Cycling in Land Vegetation
Biogeochemical Cycling in the Soil
Calculating Landscape Mass Balance
Human Impacts on Terrestrial Biogeochemistry
Summary
Wetland Ecosystems
Introduction
Types of Wetlands
Productivity in Wetland Ecosystems
Organic Matter Storage in Wetlands
Microbial Metabolism in Saturated Sediments
Anaerobic Metabolic Pathways
Wetlands and Water Quality
Wetlands and Global Change
Summary
Inland Waters
Introduction
Lakes
Rivers
Estuaries
Human Impacts on Inland Waters
Summary
The Oceans
Introduction
Ocean Circulation
The Composition of Seawater
Net Primary Production
Sediment Diagenesis
The Biological Pump: a Model of Carbon Cycling in the Ocean
Nutrient Cycling in the Ocean
Biogeochemistry of Hydrothermal Vent Communities
The Marine Sulfur Cycle
The Sedimentary Record of Biogeochemistry
Summary
Global Cycles
The Global Water Cycle
Introduction
The Global Water Cycle
Models of the Hydrologic Cycle
The History of the Water Cycle
The Water Cycle and Climate Change
Summary
The Global Carbon Cycle
Introduction
The Modern Carbon Cycle
Temporal Perspectives of the Carbon Cycle
Atmospheric Methane
Carbon Monoxide
Synthesis: Linking the Carbon and Oxygen Cycles
Summary
The Global Cycles of Nitrogen and Phosphorus
Introduction
The Global Nitrogen Cycle
Temporal Variations in the Global Nitrogen Cycle
Nitrous Oxide
The Global Phosphorus Cycle
Linking Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Summary
The Global Cycles of Sulfur and Mercury
Introduction
The Global Sulfur Cycle
The Global Mercury Cycle
Summary
Perspectives
References
Index

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