Physics in the Arts

ISBN-10: 0123741505

ISBN-13: 9780123741509

Edition: N/A

List price: $40.95
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Description:

A deep yet accessible analysis of the physics of light and sound, and how our eyes and ears detect them, is not only intellectually enjoyable, but also useful to understand and interpret the world in which we live, all the phenomena that take place around us, and how we perceive them. In short, how we interface with our planet, its inhabitants, and their creations. Understanding the physics of light and sound may also increase the appreciation for works of art and for art itself, and even stimulate the artists among the readers to deepen their knowledge of their media, of how people interface with them, and perhaps improve their art production. * Offers an alternative route to science literacy for those interested in the arts, music and photography * Popular science book with wide readership beyond the classroom at an accessible level * Material covered at a level appropriate for self-study or as a complementary textbook
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Book details

List price: $40.95
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 1/22/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Introduction
Light and Sound
Light and Light Waves
Speed of Light
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Polarization
Reflection and Refraction
Specular Reflection of Light
Refraction of Light
Total Internal Reflection
Reflection and Refraction in Diamonds
The Rainbow
Questions
Lenses
The Prism
Converging and Diverging Lenses
Focal Length
Images-Real and Virtual
Three Easy Rays
The Lens Formula
Note on Magnification
Lens Aberrations
Chromatic Aberrations
Spherical Aberration
Questions
The Eye
Accommodation
Eyeglasses
Nearsighted Eye
Farsighted Eye
Astigmatic Eye
Photography
The Camera
Focusing the Camera
Choosing the Exposure Time
Choosing the Aperture
Depth of Field
Why the f Number?
The Film
Digital Photography
Putting it All Together: Taking a Photograph
Questions
Color and Color Vision
Color
Color Sensitivity of the Eye
Physical and Psychological Color
Color: Hue, Saturation, and Brightness
Light Interaction with other Objects
Scattering or Diffuse Reflection
Questions
Additive Color Mixing
Primary Colors
Adding Primary Colors
The Color Triangle
Low-Intensity Colors
Spectral Colors
Non-Spectral Colors
Summary
Additive Color Mixing in Painting
Questions
Subtractive Color Mixing
Filters
Subtractive Primary Colors
Subtractive primaries
Color Photography
Pigments
Change in Saturation
Why Do Blue and Yellow Make Green?
Change in Hue
Questions
Color-Generating Mechanisms
Illuminating Light
Pigments
Structural Color: Iridescence
More Color-Generating Mechanisms Due to Iridescence
Color in Gemstones
Mineral Color Due to Charge Transfer
Mineral Color Due to Color Centers
Color in Gems Due to Band Gap Absorption of Light
Periodic Oscillations
Displacement Graph: Position x Changes with Time t
The Period T and the Frequency f
Large and Small Numbers
Speed of Motion
Questions
Simple Harmonic Motion
The Spring Constant
Oscillation Frequency for Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)
Wave Shape of Simple Harmonic Motion
Phase Angle
Questions
Damped Oscillations and Resonance
Damped Oscillations-The Concept of "Damping Time"
Resonance
Build-up Decay of Musical Tones
Applications in Music
Resonators in Musical Instruments
Questions
Adding Sound Sources: Beats and Harmony
Principle of Superposition
Three Special Cases
Two Pure Tones of the Same Frequency
Beats
Harmony
For the Fun of It: Lissajous Figures
Questions
Sound Waves
Propagation of a Pulse
Longitudinal and Transverse Waves
Sound Waves in Air Are Longitudinal Waves
Speed of Sound in Air
Wavelength and Frequency
Relevance to Size of Instruments or Loudspeakers
Sound Propagation
Interference of Sound Waves
Concert Hall Acoustics
Questions
Sound Perception: Pitch, Loudness, and Timbre
Loudness and Amplitude
Loudness and Frequency
Pitch Discrimination
The Ear
The Parts of the Ear
Place Theory of Pitch Perception
What Do the Auditory Nerves Tell the Brain?
Vibration of Strings
Single Modes
Higher Modes
Traveling Versus Standing Waves
The Voicing Formula
How Do Modes Relate to Music?
Damping of Higher Partials
Plucked Strings: Missing Partials
Playing Harmonics
Real Strings Have Some Stiffness
Questions
Pipes
Pressure Pulse in a Pipe
Reflections in Open and Closed Pipes
Boundary Conditions
Standing Waves in Open Pipes
Fundamental Frequency of Open Pipe
Higher Modes of Open Pipe
Fundamental Mode of Closed Pipe
Higher Modes of Closed Pipe
Playing Tunes on Wind Instruments: Fingerholes and Overblowing
Other Shapes
Acoustic Length
Questions
Fourier Analysis
The Fourier Theorem
Sound Spectrum
Fourier Analyzer (Sound Analyzer)
Fourier Synthesis
Why Can't We Synthesize a Stradivari?
Questions
Musical Scales
Musical Intervals
Consonance (Harmony): Simple Number Ratios
The Major Triad
Constructing a Scale: The Just Scale
Whole and Half Tone Intervals
Names of Intervals
Transposing: Why Black Keys?
Perfection Sacrificed: The Tempered Scale
Major and Minor Scales
The Natural Scale
Questions
Musical Instruments
Structure of Musical Instruments
Excitation Mechanism
Playing a Tune
Questions
Solutions to Problems
Index
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