Chemistry of the Environment

ISBN-10: 0120734613
ISBN-13: 9780120734610
Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)
List price: $139.00
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Description: This new edition of 'Chemistry of the Environment' emphasises several major concepts proving to be essential to the practice of environmental chemistry at the beginning of the new millennium.

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Book details

List price: $139.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 3/22/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 835
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.630

This new edition of 'Chemistry of the Environment' emphasises several major concepts proving to be essential to the practice of environmental chemistry at the beginning of the new millennium.

Preface
About the Authors
Introduction
General
Pollution and Environmental Problems
Waste Disposal
Risk
Energy
Population
The Scope of Chemistry of the Environment
Additional Reading
Atmospheric Composition and Behavior
Introduction
Gaseous Constituents of the Atmosphere
History of the Atmosphere
Particulate Constituents of the Atmosphere
Extent of the Atmosphere and Its Temperature and Pressure Profile
General Circulation of the Atmosphere
Conclusion
Additional Reading
Exercises
Energy and Climate
Energy Balance of the Earth
Climate History of the Earth
Causes of Global Climate Changes
Small-Scale Climate
Temperature Inversions
Conclusions
Additional Reading
Exercises
Principles of Photochemistry
Introduction
Electromagnetic Radiation
Kinetics of Thermal Processes
Kinetics of Photochemical Processes
Additional Reading
Exercises
Atmospheric Photochemistry
Introduction
Reactions in the Upper Atmosphere
Photoprocesses in the Troposphere: Photochemical Smog
Additional Reading
Exercises
Petroleum, Hydrocarbons, and Coal
Introduction
The Nature of Petroleum
Sources of Crude Oil and Hydrocarbons in Marine Environments
Fate of an Oil Spill
Effects of Crude Oil on Marine Life
Use of Petroleum in the Internal Combustion Engine
Sources of Hydrocarbons and Related Compounds in the Atmosphere
The Air Pollution Problem in Urban Centers
Coal
Additional Reading
Exercises
Soaps, Synthetic Surfactants, and Polymers
Introduction
Soaps and Synthetic Surfactants
Polymers
Conclusions
Additional Reading
Exercises
Haloorganics and Pesticides
Introduction
Environmental Degradation
Chemistry of Chlorinated Organic Compounds
Microbial Degradation of Organics
Toxicity
Chlorofluorocarbons, Hydrofluorocarbons, and Perhalogenated Organics
Polychlorinated and Polybrominated Biphenyls
DDT and Its Degradation Products
Other Chloroorganic Pesticides
Herbicides: 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid and 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid
Organophosphorus Insecticides
Resistance: The Bugs Fight Back
Biochemical Methods of Insect Control
Integrated Pest Management
Proposed Phaseout of All Chlorine-Containing Compounds
Additional Reading
Exercises
Chemistry in Aqueous Media
Water in the Environment
Acid-Base Reactions
Effects of Temperature and Pressure Effects on Equilibrium
Oxidation-Reduction Processes
Coordination Chemistry
Colloidal Material
Adsorption and Ion Exchange
Conclusion
Additional Reading
Exercises
The Environmental Chemistry of Some Important Elements
Introduction
The Carbon Cycle, CO[subscript 2], and Carbonates
Nitrogen
Sulfur and the Sulfur Cycle
Phosphorus, Fertilizers, and Eutrophication
Biologically Important Metals and Other Elements
Summary
Additional Reading
Exercises
Water Systems and Water Treatment
Composition of Water Bodies
Model Ocean Systems
Residence Times
Acid Rain
Water Treatment
Anaerobic Systems
Irrigation Waters
Additional Reading
Exercises
The Earth's Crust
Rocks and Minerals
Recovery of Minerals from Their Ores
Soils
Nonmetallic Materials from the Earth
Additional Reading
Exercises
Properties and Reactions of Atomic Nuclei, Radioactivity, and Ionizing Radiation
Introduction
The Atomic Nucleus
Energetics of Nuclear Reactions
The Kinetics of Nuclear Reactions
Modes and Energetics of Radioactive Decay
Selected Induced Nuclear Reactions
Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Matter
Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Biological Cells
Classification of Health Effects of Ionizing Radiation
Units of Exposure and Dose for Ionizing Radiation
Estimation of Exposure Rate from Gamma-Ray Sources
Estimation of Dose Rate Based on Source Characteristics
Specific Health Effects
Correlation between Dose and Effect
Additional Reading
Exercises
The Nuclear Environment
Introduction
Cosmic Radiation
Naturally Occurring Sources of Radioactivity in the Environment
Distribution of Naturally Occurring Radioactivity in the Environment
Applications of Naturally Occurring Stable Nuclides and Radionuclides to the Study of Earth and Its Environment
Special-Purpose Sources of Ionizing Radiation in the Environment: Types and Applications
Nuclear Fission Power Plants
Natural Fission Reactors (The Oklo Phenomenon)
Thermonuclear Power Plants
Cold Fusion
Nuclear Weapons
Radioactive Waste
Pathways for Internal Exposure to Ionizing Radiation
Dose of Ionizing Radiation Received by the U.S. Population
Regulatory Limits for Radiation Dose Received by Radiation Workers and the General Population
Examples of Accidents and Incidents Involving the Release of Radionuclides into the Environment
Additional Reading
Exercises
Energy
Introduction
Thermodynamic Considerations
Fossil Fuels
Nuclear Energy
Solar Energy
Geothermal Energy
Wind and Water
Energy Storage
Direct Generation of Electricity from Fuels
The Energy Future
Additional Reading
Exercises
Solid Waste Disposal and Recycling
Introduction
Landfills
Composting
Anaerobic Digestion of Biological Wastes
Incineration
The Tire Problem
Recycling
Additional Reading
Designation of Spectroscopic States
Introduction
Atoms
Diatomic Molecules
Polyatomic Molecules
Additional Reading
Thorium and Actium Series
Units
Symbols and Abbreviations
Index

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