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Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues

ISBN-10: 007354566X
ISBN-13: 9780073545660
Edition: 13th 2010
Authors: Carol Levine
List price: $48.00
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Description: TAKING SIDES: BIOETHICAL ISSUES, 13/epresents current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue  More...

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Book details

List price: $48.00
Edition: 13th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 2/25/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.034
Language: English

TAKING SIDES: BIOETHICAL ISSUES, 13/epresents current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue introduction, and a postscript. An instructor's manual with testing material is available for each volume. USING TAKING SIDES IN THE CLASSROOM is also an excellent instructor resource with practical suggestions on incorporating this effective approach in the classroom. Each TAKING SIDES reader features an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites and is supported by a book website. Visitwww.mhcls.com.

Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues, Thirteenth EditionTable of Contents TAKING SIDES: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues, Thirteenth Edition
Medical Decision Making Issue
Is Informed Consent Still Central to Medical Ethics?
YES:Robert M. Arnold and Charles W. Lidz,from Informed Consent: Clinical Aspects of Consent in Health Care, in Stephen G. Post, ed.,Encyclopedia of Bioethics, vol. 3, 3rd ed. (Macmillan, 2003)
NO:Onora ONeill,fromAutonomy and Trust in Bioethics(Cambridge University Press, 2002) Physician Robert M. Arnold and professor of psychiatry and sociology Charles W. Lidz assert that informed consent in clinical care is an essential process that promotes good communication and patient autonomy despite the obstacles of implementation. Philosopher Onora ONeill argues that the most evident change in medical practice in recent decades may be a loss of trust in physicians rather than any growth of patient autonomy
Informed consent in practice, she says, often amounts simply to a right to choose or refuse treatments, not a deeper and more meaningful expression of self-mastery
Should Truth-Telling Depend on the Patients Culture?
YES:Leslie J. Blackhall, Gelya Frank, Sheila Murphy, and Vicki Michel,from Bioethics in a Different Tongue: The Case of Truth-Telling,Journal of Urban Health(March 2001)
NO:Mark Kuczewski and Patrick J. McCruden,from Informed Consent: Does It Take a Village? The Problem of Culture and Truth Telling,Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics(2001) Leslie J. Blackhall, Gelya Frank, and Sheila Murphy, from the University of Southern California, and Vicki Michel, from the Loyola Law School, advise clinical and bioethics professionals facing truth-telling dilemmas to make room for the diverse ethical views of the populations they serve. Philosopher Mark Kuczewski and bioethicist Patrick J. McCruden argue that by insisting on informed consent or an appropriate waiver process, the health care system respects cultural differences rather than stereotyping them
Does Direct-to-Consumer Drug Advertising Enhance Patient Choice?
YES:Paul Antony,from Testimony before the Senate Special Committee on Aging, United States Senate (September 29, 2005)
NO:David A. Kessler and Douglas A. Levy,from Direct-to-Consumer Advertising: Is It Too Late to Manage the Risks?Annals of Family Medicine( January/February 2007) Paul Antony, Chief Medical Officer of Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), asserts that direct-to-consumer advertising can be a powerful tool in educating millions of people and improving their health through better communication with physicians, better adherence to medication regimens, and more active involvement in their own health care. Physicians David A. Kessler and Douglas A. Levy contend that as a result of direct-to-consumer advertising, consumers ultimately take medicines they may not need, spend money on brand medicines that may be no better than alternatives, or avoid healthy behaviors
End-of-Life Dilemmas Issue
Have Advanced Directives Failed?
YES:Henry S. Perkins,from Controlling Death: The False Promise of Advance Directives,Annals of Internal Medicine(vol. 147, 2007)
NO:Elmer D. Abbo and Angelo E. Volandes,from A Forced Choice: The Value of Requiring Advance Directives,The Journal of Clinical Ethics(Summer 2008) Physician Henry S. Perkins believes that advance directives promise patients a say in their future care but actually have had little effect because they are based on an unrealistic assumption of more control in unforeseeable crises
Physician and attorney Elmer D. Abbo and physician Angelo E. Volandes acknowledge the criticisms of advance directives as they have been used but argue that the solution lies in requiring them, not abandoning them
Do Standard Medical Ethics Apply in Disaster Conditions?
YES:Robert W. Donnell,from A Bright Line,Medscape(October 3, 2006)
NO:Mary Faith Marshall,from Oh, the Water . . . It Stoned Me to My Soul,University of Minnesota Bioethics Examiner(Summer 2006) Physician Robert W. Donnell believes that the medical profession must apply moral absolutes in matters of life and death, no matter what the conditions, and one of those absolutes is never to administer fatal doses of medication
Philosopher Mary Faith Marshall argues for compassion, not absolutism, when tragic choices have to be made
Should Physicians Be Allowed to Assist in Patient Suicide?
YES:Marcia Angell,from The Supreme Court and Physician-Assisted Suicide--The Ultimate Right,The New England Journal of Medicine( January 2, 1997)
NO:Kathleen M. Foley,from Competent Care for the Dying Instead of Physician-Assisted Suicide,The New England Journal of Medicine( January 2, 1997) Physician Marcia Angell asserts that a physicians main duties are to respect patient autonomy and to relieve suffering, even if that sometimes means assisting in a patients death
Physician Kathleen M. Foley counters that if physician-assisted suicide becomes legal, it will begin to substitute for interventions that otherwise might enhance the quality of life for dying patients
Should Doctors Be Able to Refuse Demands for Futile Treatment?
YES:Steven H. Miles,from Informed Demand for Non-Beneficial Medical Treatment,The New England Journal of Medicine(August 15, 1991)
NO:Felicia Ackerman,from The Significance of a Wish,Hastings Center Report( JulyAugust 1991) Physician Steven H. Miles maintains that physicians duty to follow patients wishes ends when the requests are inconsistent with what medical care can reasonably be expected to achieve, when they violate community standards of care, and when they consume an unfair share of collective resources
Philosopher Felicia Ackerman contends that it is ethically inappropriate for physicians to decide what kind of life is worth prolonging and that decisions involving personal values should be made by the patient or family
Choices in Reproduction Issue
Is Abortion Immoral?
YES:Patrick Lee and Robert P. George,from The Wrong of Abortion, in Andrew Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman

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