Creative Spirit An Introduction to Theatre

ISBN-10: 0073514144

ISBN-13: 9780073514147

Edition: 4th 2008

Authors: Stephanie Arnold

List price: $142.00
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Description:

Focusing on the collaborative and creative processes that go into productions, Stephanie Arnold introduces students to the theatre through the plays themselves and people who write them, create them, and act in them. A rich context is provided for each play with a discussion of the playwright' s other works, sources for the play, timelines that provide historical and cultural background, and a section on a particular production of the play to give students a sense of experiencing the theatre industry at close hand. "The Creative Spirit" includes complete scripts of five plays: August Wilson's "Joe Turner's Come and Gone," Wakako Yamauchi's "And the Soul Shall Dance," Tony Kushner's "Angels in America," Milcha Sanchez Scott's "Dog Lady," and Sam Shepard's "Buried Child,"
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Book details

List price: $142.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 2/6/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 592
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

Stephanie Arnold received her B.A. degree in English from Stanford University and then continued her studies at the University of Wisconsin where she received an M.F.A. degree in directing and a Ph.D. in dramatic literature and theory. Before joining the Lewis & Clark College faculty in 1986, she taught at Mills College and the University of California, Riverside.Stephanie Arnold teaches acting, directing, and dramatic literature including a special topics course in Latino Theatre. The productions she has directed include works by classical and contemporary playwrights as well as musicals and opera. She is currently at work on the fifth edition of her textbook, The Creative Spirit: An Introduction to Theatre, which is published by McGraw-Hill and in use at colleges and universities around the country. She has recently returned from leading the Lewis & Clark College off campus study program to New York City.

Preface
The Nature of Theatre
The Impulse to Perform
Personal Performance
Community Performance
Ritual Performance among the Hopi
Kachina Performances
The Hopi Performer
Performance as Community Obligation
Professional Performance: Four Stories
Bill Irwin: Physical Humor
Anna Deavere Smith: The Power of Words
Neil Marcus: Storyteller and Dancer
Frances McDormand: Creation of Character
Why They Perform
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
Theatre and Society
The Power of the Theatre
Society and Aesthetic Expression
The Collective and Public Nature of Theatre
Theatre as a Social Force
Theatre and Religious Festivals
The Greek Theatre: Athens, Fifth Century B.C.E.
The Origin of Greek Theatre in the Worship of Dionysus
Medea
Staging Conventions
The Medieval Mystery Cycle
Staging and Production: A Community Endeavor
Aesthetic Expression: A Shared, Sacred Language
The Role of the Mystery Cycles in Medieval Society
The Professional Theatre
The Elizabethan Theatre
The Theatre in Society
The Nature of Elizabethan Drama
William Shakespeare
Elizabethan Staging
Acting in Elizabethan Dramas
The Beijing Opera of China
A Formal Society
Playwrights and Plays
A Language of Gesture
Acting and Staging
The Beijing Opera and the Communist Revolution
Theatre as a Mirror of Society
Theatre and Social Change
The Sustaining Power of the Theatre: Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Nature of Performance: The Theatre Practitioners
The Playwright's Vision
Looking at Joe Turner's Come and Gone
Exploring the Text of Joe Turner's Come and Gone
Plot and Characters: A Meeting of Two Worlds
Historical and Cultural Contexts of the Play
Theatre as History
The Aftermath of Slavery: Peonage and Sharecropping
Migration to the North
The Metaphor of the Road
The Oral Tradition
The Playwright's Sources
Bessie Smith and Romare Bearden
Mill Hand's Lunch Bucket
Folk Sources and W. C. Handy
The Complete Text of Joe Turner's Come and Gone
Producing Joe Turner's Come and Gone
The Construction of Meaning Through Collaboration
The Oregon Shakespeare Festival
The Actors at Work
Understanding the Play
The Rehearsal Process
Physical Characterization
Staging the Juba
Drumming and Dancing
Text and Verbal Improvisation
The Meaning of the Juba
Expanding the Stage Image: The Work of the Designers
The Set Design
The Costume Design
The Lighting Design
Conclusion: History and Meaning in Joe Turner's Come and Gone
The Quest for Self
Family and Inheritance: The Way from the Past to the Future
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Art of the Actor
The Presence of the Actor
The Actor's Craft
The Work of the Actor
Competing for Roles: The Audition
Preparing for the Role
The Rehearsal Process
Approaches to Acting
The Internal Approach
The External Approach
Acting Cordelia in King Lear
Gestural Acting
The Performance
Theatre and Film
Becoming an Actor
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Director
The History of the Director
The Director and the Development of Realism
The Director and the Determination of Style
The Visionary Director: Jerzy Grotowski
Ping Chong
Approaches to Directing
The Director at Work
Choosing the Play
The Director's Initial Response to the Play
Creating Metaphors
Working With the Actors
Casting
Nontraditional Casting
The Work Environment
Improvisation
Staging the Play
Focus
Spatial Composition and Character Development
Rhythm and Pacing
Preparing the Play for Performance
The Director's Training
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Designers
StageCraft and the Theatre
The Theatrical Space
The Proscenium Theatre
Thrust, Arena, and Black Box Stages
The Implications of Theatre Architecture for Designers
Three-Dimensional Space
Meetings and Interactions
The History of Scene Design
Scene Design Today
Designing The Grapes of Wrath
Costume Design
Stylistic Unity
The Psychology of Character
The Costume Designer and the Actor
Lighting Design
The History of Light in the Theatre
The Lighting Designer's Materials
Conceptualizing with Light
The Light Plot and Light Cues
Visibility
Focus
Mood and Atmosphere
The Rhythm of Light
The Growing Prominence of Sound Design
The Integration of Sound into the Production Process
The Sound Designer's Materials
Environmental Sound and Sound Reinforcement
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Musical Theatre
Origins of Musical Theatre in America
The Broadway Theatre
Oklahoma!
West Side Story
My Fair Lady
Cabaret
Stephen Sondheim
A Chorus Line
New Directions for the Musical Theatre
Savion Glover and Bring in da Noise, Bring in da Funk
Jonathan Larson and Rent
Julie Taymor and The Lion King
Susan Stroman and Contact
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Nature of Style: Realism and Theatricalism
Understanding Style: Realism
Introduction to Realism
"Realistic Elements in Joe Turner's Come and Gone
Realism in Film
Origins of Realism
The Social Background of Realism
European Realism
Henrik Ibsen
August Strindberg
Anton Chekhov
American Realism
Lillian Hellman
Poetic Realism: Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams
Konstantin Stanislavsky and Realistic Acting
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
Expressing a Worldview Through Realism
Looking at And the Soul Shall Dance
Exploring the Text of and the Soul Shall Dance
Plot and Characters
Personal, Cultural, and Historical Contexts of the Play
The Play as Memory
Personal History
Prejudice, Discrimination, and Internment
The Play as Social Document
Evoking a World Through Detail
The Complete Text of and the Soul Shall Dance
Producing and the Soul Shall Dance
Introduction to East West Players
History of East West Players
Location and Physical Space
Staging the Play
The Director's Prologue
The Influence of Asian Theatre
Staging a Period Play: The Work of the Director and the Actors
Building Character Relationships
Contrasting Productions: East West Players and Northwest Asian American Theatre
Scene Design and the Physical Space
Interpreting Family Relationships
Sexuality and Gender
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
Understanding Style: Theatricalism
Exposing the Mechanics of the Theatre
Expressionism
German Expressionism
American Expressionism: Eugene O'Neill
Epic Theatre: Bertolt Brecht
Brecht's Concept of Alienation
Brecht's Approach to Acting
Theatre of the Absurd
A Revolution in Movement: Martha Graham
A New Dance Vocabulary
Costume and Set as Partners in Dance
Total Theatre: Robert Wilson
Wilson's Experience
The Interior Landscape
A New Meeting of East and West; Shen Wei
From Opera to Modern Dance
Choreographer and Designer
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
Expressing a Worldview through Theatricalism
Looking at Angels in America: Millennium Approaches
Exploring the Text of Angels in America: Millennium Approaches
Plot and Characters: A World in Spiritual Collapse
The Role of Roy Cohn
The Shifting Point of View
Influences on Kushner as Playwright: Bertolt Brecht and Caryl Churchill
The Historical Framework of Angels in America
The Character Roy Cohn as a Historical Figure
Roy Cohn and the Plot of Angels in America
Roy Cohn and Ethel Rosenberg
The Complete Text of Angels in America: Millennium Approaches
Producing Angels in America
The Eureka Theatre and the Playwright
The Role of the Dramaturg
The Developmental Process
Expanding Opportunities for the Development of New Plays
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Nature of Drama: Structure and Genre
The Elements of Drama and Dramatic Structure
Fundamental Elements of Structure
Character
Plot
Language
Music
Spectacle
The Organization of the Drama in Space and Time
The Duration of the Performance
Building the Drama: The Internal Rhythm
Conflict, Rising Tension, and Resolution
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
Genre
Introduction to Genre
Tragedy and Comedy
Origins in Greek Drama
Aristotle on Tragedy and Comedy
Tragedy: Catharsis and Awareness
Plot Summaries of Selected Tragedies
Common Themes of Tragedy
Can Tragedy Exist Today?
Melodrama
Tragicomedy
Farce
Writing About the Theatre
The Dramaturg
The Critic
Two Reviews of Medea
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
Choosing a Genre: Comedy
Looking at Dog Lady
Exploring the Text of Dog Lady
Plot and Characters
The Playwright's Sources: An Intersection of Cultures
Characteristics of the Play
Blended Language
Magical Realism
Reinterpreting Catholic Imagery: The Virgin of Guadalupe
A Latina Identity
The Complete Text of Dog Lady
Producing Dog Lady
Intar
Set Design and Ming Cho Lee
Pop Art and Forced Perspective
Breaking the Illusion
Staging and Acting
Sight Gags
Vocal Style
Using Comedy to Shift the Worldview
Summary
Topics for Discussion and Writing
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Project
Looking at Buried Child
Preparing a Production
Buried Child and Alternative Play Choices
Introduction to Sam Shepard
Alternative Plays
Working on the Project
Sequence of Work
Topics for Group Discussion (Group Meeting 1)
Group Decisions (Group Meeting 2)
Project Assignments
The Director
Character Analysis
Scene Design
Costume Design
Music
Program Note
Poster
Conclusion
The Complete Text of Buried Child
Suggestion for Further Reading
Guided Writing Assignments
Notes
Glossary
Credits
Index
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