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List of Selected Applications | |

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Preface | |

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To the Student | |

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Acknowledgments | |

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Introduction | |

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Why Study Physics? | |

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Talking Physics | |

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The Use of Mathematics | |

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Scientific Notation and Significant Figures | |

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Units | |

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Dimensional Analysis | |

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Problem-Solving Techniques | |

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Approximation | |

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Graphs | |

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Mechanics | |

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Motion Along a Line | |

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Understanding Motion | |

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Position and Displacement | |

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Velocity: Rate of Change of Position | |

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Acceleration: Rate of Change of Velocity | |

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Motion Along a Line with Constant Acceleration | |

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Visualizing Motion Along a Line with Constant Acceleration | |

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Free Fall | |

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Motion in a Plane | |

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Grapical Addition and Subtraction | |

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Vector Addition and Subtraction Using Components | |

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Velocity | |

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Acceleration | |

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Motion in a Plane with Constant Acceleration | |

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Velociti Is Relative; Reference Frames | |

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Force and Newton's Laws of Motion | |

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Force | |

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Inertia and Equilibrium: Newton's First Law of Motion | |

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Net Force, Mass, and Acceleration: Newton's Second Law of Motion | |

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Interaction Pairs: Newton's Third Law of Motion | |

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Gravitational Forces | |

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Contact Forces | |

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Tension | |

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Applying Newton's Second Law | |

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Reference Frames | |

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Apparent Weight | |

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Air Resistance | |

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Fundamental Forces | |

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Circular Motion | |

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Description of Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Radial Acceleration | |

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Unbanked and Banked Curves | |

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Circular Orbits of Satellites and Planets | |

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Nonuniform Circular Motion | |

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Tangential and Angular Acceleration | |

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Apparent Weight and Artificial Gravity | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 1-5 | |

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Conservation of Energy | |

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The Law of Conservation of Energy | |

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Work Done by a Constant Force | |

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Kinetic Energy | |

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Gravitational Potential Energy (1) | |

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Gravitational Potential Energy (2) | |

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Work Done by Variable Forces: Hooke's Law | |

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Elastic Potential Energy | |

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Power | |

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Linear Momentum | |

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A Vector Conservation Law | |

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Momentum | |

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The Impulse-Momentum Theorem | |

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Conservation of Momentum | |

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Center of Mass | |

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Motion of the Center of Mass | |

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Collisions in One Dimension | |

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Collisions in Two Dimensions | |

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Torque and Angular Momentum | |

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Rotational Kinetic Energy and Rotational Inertia | |

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Torque | |

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Work Done by a Torque | |

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Equilibrium Revisited | |

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Equilibrium in the Human Body | |

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Rotational Form of Newton's Second Law | |

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The Motion of Rolling Objects | |

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Angular Momentum | |

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The Vector Nature of Angular Momentum | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 6-8 | |

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Fluids | |

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States of Matter | |

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Pressure | |

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Pascal's Principle | |

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The Effect of Gravity on Fluid Pressure | |

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Measuring Pressure | |

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Archimedes' Principle | |

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Fluid Flow | |

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Bernoulli's Equation | |

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Viscosity | |

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Viscous Drag | |

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Surface Tension | |

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Elasticity and Oscillations | |

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Elastic Deformations of Solids | |

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Hooke's Law for Tensile and Compressive Forces | |

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Beyond Hooke's Law | |

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Shear and Volume Deformations | |

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Simple Harmonic Motion | |

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The Period and Frequency for SHM | |

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Graphical Analysis of SHM | |

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The Pendulum | |

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Damped Oscillations | |

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Forced Oscillations and Resonance | |

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Waves | |

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Waves and Energy Transport | |

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Transverse and Longitudinal Waves | |

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Speed of Transverse Waves on a String | |

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Periodic Waves | |

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Mathematical Description of a Wave | |

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Graphing Waves | |

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Principle of Superposition | |

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Reflection and Refraction | |

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Interference and Diffraction | |

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Standing Waves | |

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Sound | |

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Sound Waves | |

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The Speed of Sound Waves | |

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Amplitude and Intensity of Sound Waves | |

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Standing Sound Waves | |

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Timbre | |

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The Human Ear | |

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Beats | |

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The Doppler Effect | |

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Shock Waves | |

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Echolocation and Medical Imaging | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 9-12 | |

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Thermal Physics | |

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Temperature and the Ideal Gas | |

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Temperature | |

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Temperature Scales | |

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Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids | |

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Molecular Picture of a Gas | |

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Absolute Temperature and the Ideal Gas Law | |

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Kinetic Theory of the Ideal Gas | |

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Temperature and Reaction Rates | |

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Collisions Between Gas Molecules | |

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Heat | |

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Internal Energy | |

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Heat | |

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Heat Capacity and Specific Heat | |

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Specific Heat of Ideal Gases | |

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Phase Transitions | |

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Thermal Conduction | |

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Thermal Convection | |

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Thermal Radiation | |

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Thermodynamics | |

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The First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Thermodynamic Processes | |

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Thermodynamic Processes for an Ideal Gas | |

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Reversible and Irreversible Processes | |

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Heat Engines | |

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Refrigerators and Heat Pumps | |

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Reversible Engines and Heat Pumps | |

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Details of the Carnot Cycle | |

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Entropy | |

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Statistical Interpretation of Entropy | |

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The Third Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 13-15 | |

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Electromagnetism | |

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Electric Forces and Fields | |

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Electric Charge | |

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Electrical Conductors and Insulators | |

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Coulomb's Law | |

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The Electric Field | |

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Motion of a Point Charge in a Uniform Electric Field | |

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Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium | |

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Gauss's Law for Electric Fields | |

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Electric Potential | |

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Electric Potential Energy | |

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Electric Potential | |

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The Relationship Between Electric Field and Potential | |

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Conservation of Energy for Moving Charges | |

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Capacitors | |

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Dielectrics | |

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Energy Stored in a Capacitor | |

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Electric Current and Circuits | |

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Electric Current | |

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Emf and Circuits | |

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Microscopic View of Current in a Metal: The Free-Electron Model | |

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Resistance and Resistivity | |

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Kirchhoff's Rules | |

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Series and Parallel Circuits | |

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Circuit Analysis Using Kirchhoff's Rules | |

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Power and Energy in Circuits | |

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Measuring Currents and Voltages | |

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RC Circuits | |

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Electrical Safety | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 16-18 | |

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Magnetic Forces and Fields | |

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Magnetic Fields | |

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Magnetic Force on a Point Charge | |

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Charged Particle Moving Perpendicularly to a Uniform Magnetic Field | |

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Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Magnetic Field: General | |

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A Charged Particle in Crossed E and B Fields | |

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Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Wire | |

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Torque on a Current Loop | |

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Magnetic Field Due to an Electric Current | |

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Ampere's Law | |

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Magnetic Materials | |

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Electromagnetic Induction | |

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Motional Emf | |

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Electric Generators | |

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Faraday's Law | |

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Lenz's Law | |

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Back Emf in a Motor | |

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Transformers | |

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Eddy Currents | |

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Induced Electric Fields | |

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Mutual- and Self-Inductance | |

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LR Circuits | |

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Alternating Current | |

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Sinusoidal Currents and Voltages; Resistors in ac Circuits | |

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Electricity in the Home | |

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Capacitors in ac Circuits | |

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Inductors in ac Circuits | |

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RLC Series Circuits | |

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Resonance in an RLC Circuit | |

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Converting ac to dc; Filters | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 19-21 | |

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Electromagnetic Waves and Optics | |

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Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Accelerating Charges Produce Electromagnetic Waves | |

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Maxwell's Equations | |

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Antennas | |

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The Electromagnetic Spectrum | |

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Speed of EM Waves in Vacuum and in Matter | |

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Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves in Vacuum | |

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Energy Transport by EM Waves | |

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Polarization | |

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The Doppler Effect for EM Waves | |

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Reflection and Refraction of Light | |

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Wavefronts, Rays, and Huygens's Principle | |

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The Reflection of Light | |

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The Refraction of Light: Snell's Law | |

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Total Internal Reflection | |

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Polarization by Reflection | |

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The Formation of Images Through Reflection or Refraction | |

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Plane Mirrors | |

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Spherical Mirrors | |

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Thin Lenses | |

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Optical Instruments | |

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Lenses in Combination | |

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Cameras | |

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The Eye | |

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The Simple Magnifier | |

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Compound Microscopes | |

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Telescopes | |

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Aberrations of Lenses and Mirrors | |

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Interference and Diffraction | |

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Constructive and Destructive Interference | |

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The Michelson Interferometer | |

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Thin Films | |

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Young's Double-Slit Experiment | |

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Gratings | |

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Diffraction and Huygens's Principle | |

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Diffraction by a Single Slit | |

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Diffraction and the Resolution of Optical Instruments | |

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X-Ray Diffiraction | |

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Holography | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 22-25 | |

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Quantum and Particle Physics and Relativity | |

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Relativity | |

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Postulates of Relativity | |

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Simultaneity and Ideal Observers | |

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Time Dilation | |

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Length Contraction | |

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Velocities in Different Reference Frames | |

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Relativistic Momentum | |

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Mass and Energy | |

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Relativistic Kinetic Energy | |

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Early Quantum Physics and the Photon | |

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Quantization | |

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Blackbody Radiation | |

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The Photoelectric Effect | |

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X-Ray Production | |

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Compton Scattering | |

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Spectroscopy and Early Models of the Atom | |

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The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom; Atomic Energy Levels | |

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Pair Annihilation and Pair Production | |

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Quantum Physics | |

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The Wave-Particle Duality | |

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Matter Waves | |

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Electron Microscopes | |

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The Uncertainty Principle | |

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Wave Functions for a Confined Particle | |

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The Hydrogen Atom: Wave Functions and Quantum Numbers | |

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The Exclusion Principle: Electron Configurations for Atoms Other Than Hydrogen | |

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Electron Energy Levels in a Solid | |

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Lasers | |

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Tunneling | |

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Nuclear Physics | |

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Nuclear Structure | |

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Binding Energy | |

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Radioactivity | |

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Radioactive Decay Rates and Half-Lives | |

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Biological Effects of Radiation | |

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Induced Nuclear Reactions | |

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Fission | |

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Fusion | |

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Particle Physics | |

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Fundamental Particles | |

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Fundamental Interactions | |

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Unification | |

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Particle Accelerators | |

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Twenty-First-Century Particle Physics | |

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Review and Synthesis: Chapters 26-30 | |

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Mathematics Review | |

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Table of Selected Nuclides | |

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Answers to Selected Questions and Problems | |

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Credits | |

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Index | |