Digital Communications

ISBN-10: 0072321113
ISBN-13: 9780072321111
Edition: 4th 2001 (Revised)
Authors: John G. Proakis
List price: $178.13
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Book details

List price: $178.13
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 8/15/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 1024
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.586
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
Elements of a Digital Communication System
Communication Channels and Their Characteristics
Mathematical Models for Communication Channels
A Historical Perspective in the Development of Digital Communications
Overview of the Book
Bibliographical Notes and References
Probability and Stochastic Processes
Probability
Random Variables, Probability Distributions, and Probability Densities
Functions of Random Variables
Statistical Averages of Random Variables
Some Useful Probability Distributions
Upper Bounds on the Tail Probability
Sums of Random Variables and the Central Limit Theorem
Stochastic Processes
Statistical Averages
Power Density Spectrum
Response of a Linear Time-Invariant System to a Random Input Signal
Sampling Theorem for Band-Limited Stochastic Processes
Discrete-Time Stochastic Signals and Systems
Cyclostationary Processes
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Source Coding
Mathematical Models for Information Sources
A Logarithmic Measure of Information
Average Mutual Information and Entropy
Information Measures for Continuous Random Variables
Coding for Discrete Sources
Coding for Discrete Memoryless Sources
Discrete Stationary Sources
The Lempel-Ziv Algorithm
Coding for Analog Sources--Optimum Quantization
Rate-Distortion Function
Scalar Quantization
Vector Quantization
Coding Techniques for Analog Sources
Temporal Waveform Coding
Spectral Waveform Coding
Model-Based Source Coding
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Characterization of Communication Signals and Systems
Representation of Band-Pass Signals and Systems
Representation of Band-Pass Signals
Representation of Linear Band-Pass Systems
Response of a Band-Pass System to a Band-Pass Signal
Representation of Band-Pass Stationary Stochastic Processes
Signal Space Representations
Vector Space Concepts
Signal Space Concepts
Orthogonal Expansions of Signals
Representation of Digitally Modulated Signals
Memoryless Modulation Methods
Linear Modulation with Memory
Non-linear Modulation Methods with Memory--CPFSK and CPM
Spectral Characteristics of Digitally Modulated Signals
Power Spectra of Linearly Modulated Signals
Power Spectra of CPFSK and CPM Signals
Power Spectra of Modulated Signals with Memory
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problem
Optimum Receivers for the Additive White Gaussian Noise Channel
Optimum Receiver for Signals Corrupted by Additive White Gaussian Noise
Correlation Demodulator
Matched-Filter Demodulator
The Optimum Detector
The Maximum-Likelihood Sequence Detector
A Symbol-by-Symbol MAP Detector for Signals with Memory
Performance of the Optimum Receiver for Memoryless Modulation
Probability of Error for Binary Modulation
Probability of Error for M-ary Orthogonal Signals
Probability of Error for M-ary Biorthogonal Signals
Probability of Error for Simplex Signals
Probability of Error for M-ary Binary-Coded Signals
Probability of Error for M-ary PAM
Probability of Error for M-ary PSK
Differential PSK (DPSK) and Its Performance
Probability of Error for QAM
Comparison of Digital Modulation Methods
Optimum Receiver for CPM Signals
Optimum Demodulation and Detection of CPM
Performance of CPM Signals
Symbol-by-Symbol Detection of CPM Signals
Suboptimum Demodulation and Detection of CPM Signals
Optimum Receiver for Signals with Random Phase in AWGN Channel
Optimum Receiver for Binary Signals
Optimum Receiver for M-ary Orthogonal Signals
Probability of Error for Envelope Detection of M-ary Orthogonal Signals
Probability of Error for Envelope Detection of Correlated Binary Signals
Performance Analysis for Wireline and Radio Communication Systems
Regenerative Repeaters
Link Budget Analysis in Radio Communication Systems
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Carrier and Symbol Synchronziation
Signal Parameter Estimation
The Likelihood Function
Carrier Recovery and Symbol Synchronization in Signal Demodulation
Carrier Phase Estimation
Maximum-Likelihood Carrier Phase Estimation
The Phase-Locked Loop
Effect of Additive Noise on the Phase Estimate
Decision-Directed Loops
Non-Decision-Directed Loops
Symbol Timing Estimation
Maximum-Likelihood Timing Estimation
Non-Decision-Directed Timing Estimation
Joint Estimation of Carrier Phase and Symbol Timing
Performance Characteristics of ML Estimators
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Channel Capacity and Coding
Channel Models and Channel Capacity
Channel Models
Channel Capacity
Achieving Channel Capacity with Orthogonal Signals
Channel Reliability Functions
Random Selection of Codes
Random Coding Based on M-ary Binary-Coded Signals
Random Coding Based on M-ary Multiamplitude Signals
Comparison of R*[subscript 0] with the Capacity of the AWGN Channel
Communication System Design Based on the Cutoff Rate
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Block and Convolutional Channel Codes
Linear Block Codes
The Generator Matrix and the Parity Check Matrix
Some Specific Linear Block Codes
Cyclic Codes
Optimum Soft-Decision Decoding of Linear Block Codes
Hard-Decision Decoding of Linear Block Codes
Comparison of Performance Between Hard-Decision and Soft-Decision Decoding
Bounds on Minimum Distance of Linear Block Codes
Nonbinary Block Codes and Concatenated Block Codes
Interleaving of Coded Data for Channels with Burst Errors
Serial and Parallel Concatenated Block Codes
Convolutional Codes
The Transfer Function of a Convolutional Code
Optimum Decoding of Convolutional Codes--The Viterbi Algorithm
Probability of Error for Soft-Decision Decoding
Probability of Error for Hard-Decision Decoding
Distance Properties of Binary Convolutional Codes
Punctured Convolutional Codes
Other Decoding Algorithms for Convolutional Codes
Practical Considerations in the Application of Convolutional Codes
Nonbinary Dual-k Codes and Concatenated Codes
Parallel and Serial Concatenated Convolutional Codes
Coded Modulation for Bandwidth-Constrained Channels--Trellis-Coded Modulation
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Signal Design for Band-Limited Channels
Characterization of Band-Limited Channels
Signal Design for Band-Limited Channels
Design of Band-Limited Signals for No Intersymbol Interference--The Nyquist Criterion
Design of Band-Limited Signals with Controlled ISI--Partial-Response Signals
Data Detection for Controlled ISI
Signal Design for Channels with Distortion
Probability of Error in Detection of PAM
Probability of Error for Detection of PAM with Zero ISI
Probability of Error for Detection of Partial-Response Signals
Modulation Codes for Spectrum Shaping
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Communication Through Band-Limited Linear Filter Channels
Optimum Receiver for Channels with ISI and AWGN
Optimum Maximum-Likelihood Receiver
A Discrete-Time Model for a Channel with ISI
The Viterbi Algorithm for the Discrete-Time White Noise Filter Model
Performance of MLSE for Channels with ISI
Linear Equalization
Peak Distortion Criterion
Mean-Square-Error (MSE) Criterion
Performance Characteristics of the MSE Equalizer
Fractionally Spaced Equalizers
Baseband and Passband Linear Equalizers
Decision-Feedback Equalization
Coefficient Optimization
Performance Characteristics of DFE
Predictive Decision-Feedback Equalizer
Equalization at the Transmitter--Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding
Reduced Complexity ML Detectors
Iterative Equalization and Decoding--Turbo Equalization
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Adaptive Equalization
Adaptive Linear Equalizer
The Zero-Forcing Algorithm
The LMS Algorithm
Convergence Properties of the LMS Algorithm
Excess MSE Due to Noisy Gradient Estimates
Accelerating the Initial Convergence Rate in the LMS Algorithm
Adaptive Fractionally Spaced Equalizer--The Tap Leakage Algorithm
An Adaptive Channel Estimator for ML Sequence Detection
Adaptive Decision-Feedback Equalizer
Adaptive Equalization of Trellis-Coded Signals
Recursive Least-Squares Algorithms for Adaptive Equalization
Recursive Least-Squares (Kalman) Algorithm
Linear Prediction and the Lattice Filter
Self-Recovering (Blind) Equalization
Blind Equalization Based on the Maximum-Likelihood Criterion
Stochastic Gradient Algorithms
Blind Equalization Algorithms Based on Second- and Higher-Order Signal Statistics
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Multichannel and Multicarrier Systems
Multichannel Digital Communications in AWGN Channels
Binary Signals
M-ary Orthogonal Signals
Multicarrier Communications
Capacity of a Nonideal Linear Filter Channel
An FFT-Based Multicarrier System
Minimizing Peak-to-Average Ratio in the Multicarrier Systems
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Spread Spectrum Signals for Digital Communications
Model of Spread Spectrum Digital Communication System
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Signals
Error Rate Performance of the Decoder
Some Applications of DS Spread Spectrum Signals
Effect of Pulsed Interference on DS Spread Spectrum Systems
Excision of Narrowband Interference in DS Spread Spectrum Systems
Generation of PN Sequences
Frequency-Hopped Spread Spectrum Signals
Performance of FH Spread Spectrum Signals in an AWGN Channel
Performance of FH Spread Spectrum Signals in Partial-Band Interference
A CDMA System Based on FH Spread Spectrum Signals
Other Types of Spread Spectrum Signals
Synchronization of Spread Spectrum Systems
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Digital Communications through Fading Multipath Channels
Characterization of Fading Multipath Channels
Channel Correlation Functions and Power Spectra
Statistical Models for Fading Channels
The Effect of Signal Characteristics on the Choice of a Channel Model
Frequency-Nonselective, Slowly Fading Channel
Diversity Techniques for Fading Multipath Channels
Binary Signals
Multiphase Signals
M-ary Orthogonal Signals
Digital Signaling over a Frequency-Selective, Slowly Fading Channel
A Tapped-Delay-Line Channel Model
The RAKE Demodulator
Performance of RAKE Demodulator
Receiver Structures for Channels with Intersymbol Interference
Coded Waveforms for Fading Channels
Probability of Error for Soft-Decision Decoding of Linear Binary Block Codes
Probability of Error for Hard-Decision Decoding of Linear Binary Block Codes
Upper Bounds on the Performance of Convolutional Codes for a Rayleigh Fading Channel
Use of Constant-Weight Codes and Concatenated Codes for a Fading Channel
System Design Based on the Cutoff Rate
Performance of Coded Phase-Coherent Communication Systems--Bit-Interleaved Coded Modulation
Trellis-Coded Modulation
Multiple-Antenna Systems
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
Multiuser Communications
Introduction to Multiple Access Techniques
Capacity of Multiple Access Methods
Code-Division Multiple Access
CDMA Signal and Channel Models
The Optimum Receiver
Suboptimum Detectors
Successive Interference Cancellation
Performance Characteristics of Detectors
Random Access Methods
ALOHA Systems and Protocols
Carrier Sense Systems and Protocols
Bibliographical Notes and References
Problems
The Levinson-Durbin Algorithm
Error Probability for Multichannel Binary Signals
Error Probabilities for Adaptive Reception of M-Phase Signals
Mathematical Model for M-Phase Signaling Communication System
Characteristic Function and Probability Density Function of the Phase [theta]
Error Probabilities for Slowly Rayleigh Fading Channels
Error Probabilities for Time-Invariant and Ricean Fading Channels
Square-Root Factorization
References and Bibliography
Index

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