Elements of Moral Philosophy

ISBN-10: 0070510989
ISBN-13: 9780070510982
Edition: 2nd 1993
Authors: James Rachels
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Description: Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief,  More...

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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 1993
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 208
Size: 5.49" wide x 8.23" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.792
Language: English

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, this concise, lively book combines clear explanations of the main theories of ethics with discussions of interesting examples. Topics covered include famine relief, euthanasia, homosexuality, and the treatment of animals. The text's versatility allows it to be widely used not only in ethical theory courses, but also in applied ethics courses of all kinds.

James Rachels is University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Alabama at Birminghamand is widely respected in the field of moral philosophy. He is also the author of THE END OF LIFE: Euthanasia and Morality and CREATED FROM ANIMALS: The Moral Implications of Darwinism.

Preface
About the Second Edition
What is Morality?p. 1
The Problem of Definition
An Example of Moral Reasoning: Baby Jane Doe
Reason and Impartiality
The Minimum Conception of Morality
The Challenge of Cultural Relativismp. 15
How Different Cultures Have Different Moral Codes
Cultural Relativism
The Cultural Differences Argument
The Consequences of Taking Cultural Relativism Seriously
Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems
How All Cultures Have Some Values in Common
What Can Be Learned from Cultural Relativism
Subjectivism in Ethicsp. 30
The Basic Idea of Ethical Subjectivism
The Evolution of the Theory
The First Stage: Simple Subjectivism
The Second Stage: Emotivism
Emotivism, Reason, and "Moral Facts"
The Example of Homosexuality
Does Morality Depend on Religion?p. 44
The Presumed Connection Between Morality and Religion
The Divine Command Theory
The Theory of Natural Law
Christianity and the Problem of Abortion
Psychological Egoismp. 62
Is Unselfishness Possible?
The Strategy of Reinterpreting Motives
Two Arguments in Favor of Psychological Egoism
Clearing Away Some Confusions
The Deepest Error in Psychological Egoism
Ethical Egoismp. 75
Is There a Duty to Contribute for Famine Relief?
Three Arguments in Favor of Ethical Egoism
Three Arguments Against Ethical Egoism
The Utilitarian Approachp. 90
The Revolution in Ethics
First Example: Euthanasia
Second Example: Nonhuman Animals
The Debate Over Utilitarianismp. 102
The Resilience of the Theory
Is Happiness the Only Thing That Matters?
Are Consequences All That Matter?
The Defense of Utilitarianism
What Is Correct and What Is Incorrect in Utilitarianism
Are There Absolute Moral Rules?p. 117
Kant and The Categorical Imperative
Absolute Rules and the Duty Not to Lie
Conflicts Between Rules
Another Look at Kant's Basic Idea
Kant and Respect for Personsp. 127
The Idea of "Human Dignity"
Retribution and Utility in the Theory of Punishment
Kant's Retributivism
The Idea of a Social Contractp. 139
Hobbes's Argument
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Some Advantages of the Social Contract Theory of Morals
The Problem of Civil Disobedience
Difficulties for the Theory
The Ethics of Virtuep. 159
The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action
Should We Return to the Ethics of Virtue?
The Virtues
Some Advantages of Virtue Ethics
The Incompleteness of Virtue Ethics
What Would a Satisfactory Moral Theory Be Like?p. 180
Morality Without Hubris
The Moral Community
Justice and Fairness
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 194
Notes on Sourcesp. 202
Indexp. 207
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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