| |

| |

Preface | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to Electricity | |

| |

| |

| |

Basic Theory of Electricity | |

| |

| |

| |

Electrical Measurements and Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Simple Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Fractions (Diagnostic Tests) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Fractions | |

| |

| |

| |

Ohm's Law | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Decimals (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to Decimals | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to the Metric System | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Decimals | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Working with Decimals | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Formulas | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Formulas in Electrical Work (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Formulas | |

| |

| |

| |

Positive and Negative Numbers | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Using Formulas with Exponents (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Formulas Containing Exponents | |

| |

| |

| |

Powers of 10 | |

| |

| |

| |

Units of Measurement in Electronics | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Electronic Units of Measurement in Simple Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving the Ohm's Law Formula for Current or Resistance | |

| |

| |

| |

Estimating Answers | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Ohm's Law | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Voltage, Current, and Resistance in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Ohm's Law in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Ohm's Law for Total Values in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Power Distribution Line Currents | |

| |

| |

| |

Ground-Fault Protection | |

| |

| |

| |

Intermediate Review of Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Formulas Involving Addition and Subtraction (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Formulas Involving Addition and Subtraction | |

| |

| |

| |

Control of Current in a Series Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Total Voltage, Total Current, and Total Resistance in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Ohm's Law in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Check on Addition and Subtraction of Fractions (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Addition of Fractions | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Subtraction of Fractions | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Solution of Formulas Involving Fractions (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Solution of Fractional Equations | |

| |

| |

| |

Total Resistance in a Parallel Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Total Voltage in a Parallel Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Division of Current in a Parallel Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Combination Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to Combination Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Parallel-Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Series-Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Line Drop | |

| |

| |

| |

Distribution Systems | |

| |

| |

| |

Analysis With Ideal Circuit Elements | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Electric Power | |

| |

| |

| |

Electric Power in Simple Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Total Power in an Electric Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving the Power Formula for Current or Voltage | |

| |

| |

| |

Intermediate Review of Power | |

| |

| |

| |

Squaring Powers of 10 | |

| |

| |

| |

The Exponential Power Formulas | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Square Root (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Square Root | |

| |

| |

| |

The Square Root of a Power of 10 | |

| |

| |

| |

Applications of the Exponential Power Formula | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Electric Power | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Algebra for Complex Electric Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Combining Like Terms | |

| |

| |

| |

Combining Unlike Terms | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Simple Algebraic Equations | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Equations by Transpositions and Cross Multiplication | |

| |

| |

| |

Combining Unlike Terms Involving Signed Numbers | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Equations Which Have Unknowns and Numbers on Both Sides of the Equality Sign | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Equations with Possible Negative Answers | |

| |

| |

| |

Removing Parentheses | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Equations Containing Parentheses | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Equations Containing Fractions | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Simultaneous Equations by Addition | |

| |

| |

| |

Solving Simultaneous Equations by Substitution | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Algebra | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Kirchhoff's Laws | |

| |

| |

| |

Kirchhoff's Current Law | |

| |

| |

| |

Kirchhoff's Voltage Law | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Kirchhoff's Laws in Series Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Kirchhoff's Laws in Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Using Kirchhoff's Laws in Complex Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Kirchhoff's Laws | |

| |

| |

| |

Equivalent Delta and Star Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Thevenin's Theorem | |

| |

| |

| |

Norton's Theorem | |

| |

| |

| |

Review | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Applications of Series and Parallel Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Extending the Range of an Ammeter | |

| |

| |

| |

Reading Ammeters of Extended Range | |

| |

| |

| |

Extending the Range of a Voltmeter | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Meters | |

| |

| |

| |

Voltage Dividers | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance Measurement by the Voltage-Comparison Method. The Potentiometer Rule | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance Measurement Using the Wheatstone Bridge | |

| |

| |

| |

Equivalent Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

DC Equivalent Circuits for Self-Biased Transistor Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

DC Equivalent Circuits for Fixed-Bias Transistor Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Transistor Equivalent Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Attenuators | |

| |

| |

| |

Power and Resistor Size | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Efficiency | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Percent (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Percent | |

| |

| |

| |

Conversion Factors for Electric and Mechanical Power | |

| |

| |

| |

Efficiency of Electric Apparatus | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Output and Input of an Electric Device | |

| |

| |

| |

Load Matching for Power Transfer | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Conversion Factors and Efficiency | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance of Wire | |

| |

| |

| |

Checkup on Ratio and Proportion (Diagnostic Test) | |

| |

| |

| |

Brushup on Ratio and Proportion | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Ratio and Proportion | |

| |

| |

| |

The American Wire Gage Table | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistances of Wires of Different Materials | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistances of Wires of Different Lengths | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistances of Wires of Different Areas | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance of Wires of Any Diameter, Any Length, or Any Material | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Length of Wire Needed to Make a Certain Resistance | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Diameter of Wire Needed to Make a Certain Resistance | |

| |

| |

| |

Temperature Coefficients of Resistance | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Resistance of Wires | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Size of Wiring | |

| |

| |

| |

Maximum Current-Carrying Capacities of Wires | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Minimum Size of Wire to Supply a Given Load | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Size of Wire Needed to Prevent Excessive Voltage Drops | |

| |

| |

| |

Temperature and Wire Size | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Size of Wiring | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Trigonometry for Alternating-Current Electricity | |

| |

| |

| |

Trigonometric Functions of a Right Triangle | |

| |

| |

| |

Using the Table of Trigonometric Functions | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Acute Angles of a Right Triangle | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Sides of a Right Triangle | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Trigonometry | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to AC Electricity | |

| |

| |

| |

Graphs | |

| |

| |

| |

The Generation of an AC Voltage | |

| |

| |

| |

Instantaneous Values, Maximum Values, and Phase Angles of an AC Wave | |

| |

| |

| |

Effective Value of an AC Wave | |

| |

| |

| |

Measuring Alternating Current with an Oscilloscope | |

| |

| |

| |

Vectors and Phasors | |

| |

| |

| |

The Pythagorean Theorem | |

| |

| |

| |

Power | |

| |

| |

| |

Harmonic Analysis | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Inductance and Transformers | |

| |

| |

| |

Inductance | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Inductance | |

| |

| |

| |

Reactance of a Coil | |

| |

| |

| |

Series Resistance and Inductance | |

| |

| |

| |

Real Inductor Losses and Quality | |

| |

| |

| |

Measuring the Inductance of a Coil | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Coils and Inductance | |

| |

| |

| |

Transmission Lines | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to Ideal Transformers | |

| |

| |

| |

Current in a Transformer | |

| |

| |

| |

Impedance Changing Using Transformers | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Ideal Transformers | |

| |

| |

| |

Real Transformers | |

| |

| |

| |

Efficiency of a Transformer | |

| |

| |

| |

Real Cables and Power Distribution | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Capacitance | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction to Capacitance | |

| |

| |

| |

Capacitors in Parallel | |

| |

| |

| |

Capacitors in Series | |

| |

| |

| |

Reactance of a Capacitor | |

| |

| |

| |

Current and Voltage in a Capacitor | |

| |

| |

| |

Measurement of Capacity | |

| |

| |

| |

A Real Capacitor | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Capacitance | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Series AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Simple Series AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance and Capacitance in Series | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance in Series | |

| |

| |

| |

Series Resonance | |

| |

| |

| |

Finding the Inductance or Capacitance Needed to Make a Series Resonant Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Series AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Parallel AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Simple Parallel AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance and Inductance in Parallel | |

| |

| |

| |

Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance in Parallel. The Equivalent Series Circuit | |

| |

| |

| |

Resolution of Phasors | |

| |

| |

| |

Power Filters and Ground Loops | |

| |

| |

| |

Parallel-Series AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Series-Parallel AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Parallel Resonance | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Parallel AC Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Alternating-Current Power | |

| |

| |

| |

Power and Power Factor | |

| |

| |

| |

Total Power Drawn by Combinations of Reactive Loads | |

| |

| |

| |

Power Drawn by Combinations of Resistive, Inductive, and Capacitive Loads | |

| |

| |

| |

Power-Factor Correction | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of AC Power | |

| |

| |

| |

Three-Wire Single-Phase 120/240 Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Three-Phase Systems | |

| |

| |

| |

The Wye Connection | |

| |

| |

| |

The Delta Connection | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Three-Phase Connections | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

| |

Three-Phase Transformer Connections | |

| |

| |

| |

Overview of Three-Phase Transformer Connections | |

| |

| |

| |

Balanced Three-Phase Loads | |

| |

| |

| |

Three-Phase Power from Two Transformers | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

| |

Mathematics for Logic Controls | |

| |

| |

| |

Introduction | |

| |

| |

| |

Simple Switches | |

| |

| |

| |

Truth Tables | |

| |

| |

| |

The OR Functions | |

| |

| |

| |

Summary of the Elementary Functions | |

| |

| |

| |

Systems of Elementary Functions | |

| |

| |

| |

Switching Circuit Inverter | |

| |

| |

| |

Relays in Logic Circuits | |

| |

| |

| |

Digital Logic Circuits | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

| |

Signal Distribution | |

| |

| |

| |

Exponentials and Logarithms | |

| |

| |

| |

Review of Exponentials and Logs | |

| |

| |

| |

Bels and Decibels | |

| |

| |

| |

Voltage and Current Forms of the dB Equation | |

| |

| |

| |

Cables and Cable Losses | |

| |

| |

Assessment | |

| |

| |

Solutions to Self-Tests and Reviews | |

| |

| |

Appendix A | |

| |

| |

Color Codes | |

| |

| |

Preferred Values of Components | |

| |

| |

Trigonometric Functions of Decimal Degrees | |

| |

| |

Appendix B | |

| |

| |

Bibliography | |

| |

| |

Answers to Selected Problems | |

| |

| |

Answers to Internet Activities | |

| |

| |

Index | |