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    Chemistry Versus Physics: Chemical Reactions near Critical Points

    ISBN-10: 981429120X
    ISBN-13: 9789814291200
    Author(s): Moshe Gitterman
    Description: Chemical reactions at high pressures are widely used in modern technology (supercritical extraction is an example). On the other hand, critical phenomena is the more advanced field in statistical mechanics. There are thousands of theoretical and  More...
    Buy it from: $75.65
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    Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
    Binding: Hardcover
    Pages: 148
    Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
    Weight: 0.880
    Language: English

    Chemical reactions at high pressures are widely used in modern technology (supercritical extraction is an example). On the other hand, critical phenomena is the more advanced field in statistical mechanics. There are thousands of theoretical and experimental articles published by physicists, chemists, biologists, chemical engineers and material scientists, but, to our knowledge, there are no books which link these two phenomena together. This book sums up the results of 222 published articles, both theoretical and experimental, which will be of great benefit to students and all researchers working in this field.

    Preface
    Criticality and Chemistry
    Critical phenomena
    Chemical reactions
    Analogy between critical phenomena and the instability of chemical reactions
    Effect of Criticality on Chemical Reaction
    The effect of pressure on the equilibrium constant and rate of reaction
    Effect of phase transformations on chemistry
    Critical slowing-down of chemical reactions
    Hydrodynamic equations of reactive binary mixture: piston effect
    Heterogeneous reactions in near-critical systems
    Dynamics of chemical reactions
    Relaxation time of reactions
    Hydrodynamic equations of a reactive binary mixtures
    Hydrodynamic equations with statistically independent variables
    Critical anomalies of chemical equilibria
    Experiment
    Effect of Chemistry on Critical Phenomena
    Change of critical parameters due to a chemical reaction
    Modification of the critical indices
    Singularity in the degree of dissociation near a critical point
    Isotope exchange reaction in near-critical systems
    Singularities of transport coefficients in reactive systems
    Mode-coupling analysis
    Renormalization group methods
    Phase Separation in Reactive Systems
    Multiple solutions of the law of mass action
    Phase equilibrium in reactive binary mixtures quenched into a metastable state
    Thermodynamic analysis of reactive binary mixtures
    Thermodynamic analysis of reactive ternary mixtures
    Kinetics of phase separation
    Phase equilibrium in reactive mixtures quenched into an unstable state
    Thermodynamics of a three-component plasma with a dissociative chemical reaction
    Comments on the Geometry of the Phase Diagram of a Reaction Mixture
    Solubility in supercritical fluids
    Azeotropic points in reactive many-component systems
    Melting point of reactive binary mixtures
    Double critical point
    Sound Propagation and Light Scattering in Chemically Reactive Systems
    Ultrasound attenuation in near-critical reactive mixtures
    Hydrodynamic analysis of the dispersion-relation for sound waves
    Light scattering from reactive systems
    Inhomogeneous structure of near-critical reactive systems
    Conclusions
    Bibliography
    Index

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