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    Natural Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa Assets and Vulnerabilities

    ISBN-10: 9171066241
    ISBN-13: 9789171066244
    Edition: 2009
    Author(s): Johan Holmberg
    Description: Africa is rich in oil and mineral resources, but has severe shortages of water and suffers from an accelerating pressure on its arable land and forests. Climate change is expected to cause major problems for African populations with an increase of  More...
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    Copyright Year: 2009
    Publisher: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet
    Publication Date: 11/1/2008
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 50
    Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
    Weight: 0.242
    Language: English

    Africa is rich in oil and mineral resources, but has severe shortages of water and suffers from an accelerating pressure on its arable land and forests. Climate change is expected to cause major problems for African populations with an increase of water stress and severely compromised agricultural production. Local food supplies will be negatively affected and, towards the end of the 21st century, a rising sea level will affect low-lying coastal areas. The report argues that the poorest countries are most vulnerable to climate change and that Africa is particularly exposed. Sweden should consider full integration of climate change adaptation strategies in its development cooperation with African partners. This will likely mean that some existing priorities will be further accentuated, such as needs to provide water and sanitation services to the poor, raising agricultural productivity, and curbing deforestation.

    Making Development Sustainable was produced by the International Institute for Environment and Development, a leading independent center for environment and development issues, based in London. Editor, Johan Holmberg is director of the IIED 1992 Programme.

    Executive summaryp. 7
    Purpose and outlinep. 9
    Climate change: impacts and vulnerabilitiesp. 10
    Predicting African climatep. 10
    The IPCC estimate of climate change in Africap. 10
    Water resourcesp. 11
    Agriculture and food securityp. 11
    Human healthp. 12
    Biodiversityp. 13
    Forests and woodlandsp. 13
    Coastal zone and marine areasp. 14
    Climate change as a security threatp. 14
    Natural disasters and migration patternsp. 15
    Economic developmentp. 16
    Four dimensions of natural resource developmentp. 17
    Water scarcityp. 17
    Water stressp. 17
    Water supply and sanitation basic servicesp. 18
    Transboundary water resourcesp. 19
    Water and food securityp. 20
    Energy supplyp. 20
    The role of biomassp. 20
    Electricity from hydropower and hydrocarbonsp. 21
    The potential for renewable energyp. 22
    Land usep. 23
    Land degradation and desertificationp. 23
    Forests and deforestationp. 24
    Oil and mineral resourcesp. 26
    Reserves of oil and gasp. 26
    The 'oil curse'p. 27
    Other mineral resourcesp. 28
    Agriculture and employmentp. 30
    The role and performance of agriculturep. 30
    Livestockp. 31
    Fisheriesp. 32
    Causes of stagnating agricultural productivityp. 32
    Technology and researchp. 33
    Foreign tradep. 33
    Employmentp. 34
    Foreign aidp. 35
    Vulnerability and adaptation strategiesp. 36
    Mainstreaming climate change adaptationp. 36
    Adaptation requirementsp. 36
    Investment in infrastructure, including energy and transboundary waterp. 37
    Raising agricultural productivity: adaptation strategies by smallholdersp. 38
    Raising agricultural productivity: the role of researchp. 39
    Water and sanitationp. 39
    Principal actors and Sweden's rolep. 41
    External and internal actors active in natural resourcesp. 41
    Sweden's role: some suggestionsp. 44
    Bibliographyp. 48
    List of Boxes
    Predicted agricultural productivity losses resulting from climate changep. 12
    Loss of African biodiversityp. 13
    Impact of sea level risep. 14
    Africa's water challengesp. 17
    The importance of water for achievement of MDGsp. 18
    Potential hydropower development in SSAp. 22
    "Poverty-rife Angola emerges as an oil giant"p. 26
    Oil and bad governance in Nigeriap. 27
    Success in combating desertification in Burkina Fasop. 39
    "Knowing which way wind blows: handful of nations get most subsidies"p. 43
    Integration of adaptation strategies in development cooperationp. 44
    List of Tables
    Reserves of oil and natural gas, selected countriesp. 26
    Share of agriculture in total GDP, selected countriesp. 30
    Per capita agricultural production index, selected countriesp. 31
    Economically active population in agriculturep. 35
    Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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