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    Clinical Orthoptics

    ISBN-10: 1444339346
    ISBN-13: 9781444339345
    Author(s): Fiona J. Rowe
    Description: ‘Clinical Orthoptics′ has become established as a basic reference text providing fundamental information on anatomy, innervation and orthoptic investigation, plus diagnosis and management of strabismus, ocular motility and related disturbances. It  More...
    Buy it from: $73.76
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    List Price: $80.99
    Edition: 3rd
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
    Binding: Paperback
    Pages: 486
    Size: 6.80" wide x 9.62" long x 0.92" tall
    Weight: 0.968
    Language: English

    ‘Clinical Orthoptics′ has become established as a basic reference text providing fundamental information on anatomy, innervation and orthoptic investigation, plus diagnosis and management of strabismus, ocular motility and related disturbances. It is aimed at trainee ophthalmologists and orthoptic undergraduate students. Qualified orthoptists, general ophthalmologists and optometrists will also find valuable guidance in these pages.In this edition, the author has maintained the goal of producing a user–friendly, clinically relevant and succinct book, while revising it to reflect a variety of developments in the field.FEATURES∗ Essential reading for students of orthoptics and ophthalmolology∗ Now fully revised and updated∗ Generously illustrated with photographs and line drawings∗ Includes diagnostic aids, case reports, and helpful glossary

    Preface
    Acknowledgements
    List of Figures
    List of Tables
    Extraocular Muscle Anatomy and Innervation
    Muscle pulleys
    Ocular muscles
    Innervation
    Associated cranial nerves
    References
    Further reading
    Binocular Single Vision
    Worth's classification
    Development
    Retinal correspondence
    Physiology of stereopsis
    Fusion
    Retinal rivalry
    Suppression
    Diplopia
    References
    Further reading
    Ocular Motility
    Saccadic system
    Smooth pursuit system
    Vergence system
    Vestibular-ocular response and optokinetic response
    Brainstem control
    Muscle sequelae
    Past-pointing
    Bell's phenomenon
    References
    Further reading
    Orthoptic Investigative Procedures
    Visual acuity
    Cover test
    Ocular motility
    Accommodation and convergence
    Retinal correspondence
    Fusion
    Stereopsis
    Suppression
    Synoptophore
    Aniseikonia
    Fixation
    Measurement of deviations
    Hess charts
    Field of binocular single vision
    Uniocular field of vision
    Measurement of torsion
    Parks-Helveston three-step test
    Diplopia charts
    Bielchowsky phenomenon (dark wedge test)
    Forced duction test
    Forced generation test
    Orthoptic exercises
    References
    Further reading
    Heterophoria
    Classification
    Aetiology
    Causes of decompensation
    Esophoria
    Exophoria
    Hyperphoria/hypophoria
    Alternating hyperphoria
    Alternating hypophoria
    Cyclophoria
    Incomitant heterophoria
    Hemifield slide
    Investigation of heterophoria
    Management
    References
    Further reading
    Heterotropia
    Esotropia
    Factors necessary for development of binocular single vision
    Constant esotropia with an accommodative element
    Constant esotropia without an accommodative element
    Accommodative esotropia
    Relating to fixation distance
    Exotropia
    Hypertropia
    Hypotropia
    Cyclotropia
    Dissociated vertical deviation
    Dissociated horizontal deviation
    Quality of life
    Pseudostrabismus
    References
    Further reading
    Microtropia
    Terminology
    Classification
    Investigation
    Management
    References
    Further reading
    Amblyopia and Visual Impairment
    Classification
    Aetiology
    Investigation
    Management
    Eccentric fixation
    Cerebral visual impairment
    Delayed visual maturation
    PHACE syndrome
    References
    Further reading
    Aphakia
    Methods of correction
    Investigation
    Problems with unilateral aphakia
    Management
    References
    Further reading
    Incomitant Strabismus
    Aetiology
    Aid to diagnosis
    Diplopia
    Abnormal head posture
    References
    Further reading
    A and V Patterns
    Classification
    Aetiology
    Investigation
    Management
    References
    Further reading
    Accommodation and Convergence Disorders
    Accommodative disorders
    Presbyopia-physiological
    Presbyopia - premature (non-physiological)
    Accommodative insufficiency
    Accommodative fatigue
    Accommodative paralysis
    Accommodative spasm
    Accommodative inertia
    Micropsia
    Macropsia
    Convergence anomalies
    Convergence insufficiency
    Convergence paralysis
    Convergence spasm
    Specific learning difficulty
    References
    Further reading
    Ptosis and Pupils
    Ptosis
    Marcus Gunn jaw-winking syndrome
    Lid retraction
    Pupils
    References
    Further reading
    Neurogenic Disorders
    III (third) cranial nerve
    IV (fourth) cranial nerve
    VI (sixth) cranial nerve
    Multiple sclerosis
    Acquired motor fusion deficiency
    Non-accidental injury
    Premature visual impairment
    Ophthalmoplegia
    References
    Further reading
    Mechanical Paralytic Strabismus
    Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders
    Brown's syndrome
    Adherence syndrome
    Moebius syndrome
    Strabismus fixus syndrome
    Thyroid eye disease
    Orbital injuries
    Blow-out fracture
    Soft tissue injury
    Supraorbital fracture
    Naso-orbital fracture
    Zygoma fracture
    Conjunctival shortening syndrome
    Retinal detachment
    Cataract
    Macular translocation surgery
    References
    Further reading
    Myogenic Disorders
    Thyroid eye disease
    Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia
    Myasthenia gravis
    Myotonic dystrophy
    Ocular myositis
    Kearns-Sayre ophthalmoplegia
    References
    Further reading
    Craniofacial Synostoses
    Plagiocephaly
    Brachycephaly
    Scaphocephaly/dolichocephaly
    Occipital plagiocephaly
    Apert's syndrome
    Craniofrontonasal dysplasia
    Crouzon's syndrome
    Pfeiffer syndrome
    Saethre-Chotzen syndrome
    Unicoronal syndrome
    General signs and symptoms
    Ocular signs and symptoms
    Management
    References
    Further reading
    Nystagmus
    Aetiology
    Classification
    Investigation
    Management
    References
    Further reading
    Supranuclear and Internuclear Disorders
    Saccadic movement disorders
    Smooth pursuit movement disorders
    Vergence movement disorders
    Gaze palsy
    Optokinetic movement disorders
    Vestibular movement disorders
    Brainstem syndromes
    Ocular tilt reaction
    Ocular investigation
    Management options
    References
    Further reading
    Appendices
    Diagnostic Aids
    Abbreviations of Orthoptic Terms
    Diagrammatic Recording of Ocular Motility
    Diagrammatic Recording of Nystagmus
    Glossary
    Case Reports
    Index

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