Skip to content

Infrared Holography for Optical Communications Techniques, Materials and Devices

Spend $50 to get a free movie!

ISBN-10: 3540433147

ISBN-13: 9783540433149

Edition: 2003

Authors: Pierpaolo Boffi, Davide Piccinin, Maria C. Ubaldi

List price: $239.00
Blue ribbon 30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee!
Out of stock
what's this?
Rush Rewards U
Members Receive:
Carrot Coin icon
XP icon
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!


The aim of this book is to exploit the advantages of holographic technology, namely the high storage capacity and fast access times, in order to implement optical devices for infrared fiber communication applications. The covered methods range from two-lambda to gated recording techniques, all of which can be applied to a variety of materials such as photorefractive crystals and photopolymers. Both techniques and materials are strictly related to the practical realization of signal processing devices, showing their feasibility and discussing their role in a realistic telecoms network. Research scientists, engineers and graduate students will benefit equally from the combined coverage of…    
Customers also bought

Book details

List price: $239.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 10/23/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 181
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

Review of Optical Data Storage
Introduction to Optical Data Storage
Compact Discs/Digital Video Discs
Magneto-Optical Discs
Solid Immersion Lens
Holographic Storage
Three-Dimensional Bit Optical Storage
Three-Dimensional Bit Optical Data Storage
Principle of Three-Dimensional Bit Optical Data Storage
Single-Photon Versus Two-Photon Excitation
Photopolymerization Effect
Photobleaching Effect
Photochromic Effect
Photorefractive Effect
Photorefractive Crystals
Localized Photorefractive Effect
Three-Dimensional Photorefractive Bit Data Storage
Two-Step Processes and IR Recording in Photorefractive Crystals
Early Experiments
Two-Step Excitation via Shallow Levels
Lifetime of the Holograms
Advantages of Infrared Recording
Gated Optical Recording for Nonvolatile Holography in Photorefractive Materials
Gated Recording in Undoped Stoichiometric Lithium Niobate
Doped Stoichiometric Lithium Niobate
Material Preparation and Characterization
Digital Information Storage Experiment in Two-Photon Photorefractive Material
Photorefractive Copper-Doped LiNbO<sub>3</sub> Waveguides for Holography Fabricated by a Combined Technique of Ion Exchange and Ion Implantation
Waveguide Fabrication and Characterization
Copper Doping by the Exchange Process
Photorefractive Properties
Method of Characterization
Effects of the Combined Copper and Proton Exchange Conditions
Effects of the Fabrication Method and Mg Co-doping
Holographic Recording
Dynamics of Holographic Recording
Diffraction Efficiency
Discussion and Conclusions
Two-Photon Optical Storage in Photorefractive Polymers in the Near-Infrared Spectral Range
Three-Dimensional Bit Optical Data Storage in a Photorefractive Polymer
Experimental Recording System
Experimental Reading System
Transmission Reading
Differential Interference Contrast Reading
Pulsed Beam Illumination
Multi-layered Data Storage
Rewritable Data Storage
Bit Characterisation
Continuous-Wave Illumination
Requirements for Two-Photon Excitation with Continuous-Wave Illumination
Continuous-Wave Multi-Layered Data Storage
Continuous-Wave Rewritable Data Storage
Long-Lifetime Photorefractive Holographic Devices via Thermal Fixing Methods
The Photorefractive Effect
Photorefractive Fixing Techniques
Physical Model for Thermal Fixing
Standard Model for LiNbO<sub>3</sub>
Other Mechanisms
Erasure of Fixed Gratings
Fixing in Other Materials
Mathematical Formulation of the Model
General Equations
First-Order Equations: Relaxation Modes
A Useful Approximate Solution
Experimental Data
Fixing and Developing Kinetics: Influence of Temperature
Diffraction Efficiency of Fixed Gratings
Lifetime of Fixed Holograms
Optimization of the Fixing Process
Volume Holographic Devices
Data Storage
Very Narrow-Bandwidth Interference Filters and Mirrors
Wavelength Demultiplexers
Other Devices
Waveguide HolographicDevices
Holographic Reflection Filters in Photorefractive LiNbO<sub>3</sub> Channel Waveguides
Sample Preparation
Holographic Recording and Readout
Experimental Results
Photorefractive Properties
Fundamental Filter Properties
Hologram Multiplexing
Wavelength Tuning and Electrical Switching
Long-Term Stability of Fixed Gratings
Conclusions and Outlook
Optical Lambda-Switching at Telecom Wavelengths Based on Electroholography
The Electrically Controlled Bragg Grating
The Physical Basis of Electroholography
The Voltage-Controlled Photorefractive Effect in the Paraelectric Phase
The Voltage-Controlled Photorefractive Effect in KLTN
Assessment of the KLTN Crystal as an Electroholographic Medium
The Basic Electroholographic Switch Module
The Architecture and Operation of the Basic EH Switch Module
The Performance Parameters of the Basic EH Switch Module
Applications of Electroholographic Switching
The Electroholographic Dynamic Optical Add Drop Multiplexer
The Electroholographic cross Connect
1550 nm Volume Holographic Devices for Optical Communication Networks
Building the Optical Communication Network
The Optical Wavelength Multiplexer/Demultiplexer
The Optical Cross-Connect and the Switching Fabric
Volume Holography for 1550 nm Optical Device Implementation
Recording and Readout of Multiple Holograms
Two-Lambda Method
Long-Term Lifetime by Thermal Fixing
VH-Based Devices for WDM Applications
Feasibility of an Optical Wavelength Demultiplexer
Feasibility of a WDM-Readable Digital Database
Long-Term Reliability of VH-Based Devices
High-Dense WDM Device Design