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Death to Dust : What Happens to Dead Bodies

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ISBN-10: 1883620228

ISBN-13: 9781883620226

Edition: 2nd 2001

Authors: Kenneth V. Iserson, David Vandenberg

List price: $48.95
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Book details

List price: $48.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Galen Press, Limited
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 821
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.25" long x 2.00" tall
Weight: 2.794
Language: English

Kenneth V. Iserson, MD, MBA, FACEP, FAAEM, is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. Dr Iserson is the medical director of the Southern Arizona Rescue Association and a supervisory physician with Arizona's Disaster Medical Assistance Team.

List of Tablesp. xiii
List of Illustrationsp. xv
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Dying to Know: Introductionp. 1
Why write this book?p. 3
How is this book organized?p. 8
How can you use the information in this book?p. 10
Referencesp. 11
I'm Dead--Now What?p. 13
Why do people die?p. 15
What is death?p. 17
What is death by brain criteria?p. 19
How is death by brain criteria determined?p. 21
Is persistent vegetative state the same as death by brain criteria?p. 24
Who can pronounce me dead?p. 26
What is a death certificate, who can sign it, and what does it cost?p. 27
How will they know I'm really dead?p. 31
When have physicians erred in pronouncing death?p. 36
Are there real cases of premature burials?p. 39
What precautions have been taken to prevent premature burial?p. 42
Who was buried alive intentionally?p. 46
What can happen to my body when I die?p. 47
What will happen to my body when I die?p. 49
How does my name get in the newspaper?p. 52
Referencesp. 56
Help for the Living: Organ, Tissue, and Whole-Body Donationp. 61
What is organ and tissue donation and transplantation?p. 63
Why donate organs and tissues?p. 65
Who donates cadaver organs and tissues in the United States?p. 69
Who donates cadaver organs and tissues elsewhere in the world?p. 72
Who actually becomes an organ and tissue donor?p. 75
How do I become an organ/tissue donor?p. 76
What do religions, law, and cultures say about postmortem organ/tissue donation or transplantation?p. 81
Can I donate blood after death?p. 84
What are the steps in postmortem organ and tissue donations?p. 85
How are organs and tissues procured?p. 88
How are donor organs and tissues distributed?p. 90
Do donor families know where the organs go? Do recipients know where the organs came from?p. 93
What happens to the body after donation?p. 94
What does it cost to donate organs?p. 95
Can I donate my whole body to a medical school?p. 96
By what other means have bodies become dissection cadavers?p. 102
How else have bodies been obtained for dissection?p. 104
Have "dead" criminals been used for anatomical dissection?p. 105
How are bodies prepared as dissection cadavers?p. 108
Why dissect cadavers?p. 110
How do medical students dissect cadavers?p. 115
In what other ways do doctors and researchers use dead bodies?p. 119
Referencesp. 125
The Autopsy: My Body and the Pathologistp. 133
What is a morgue and how long will my body be there?p. 135
How do nurses prepare bodies for the morgue?p. 136
What if I die at home?p. 137
What is an autopsy and who performs it?p. 140
Why do autopsies?p. 142
Will I have an autopsy?p. 148
Who gives permission for an autopsy?p. 151
After an autopsy, can I still be embalmed?p. 153
Why doesn't everyone get autopsied?p. 155
How is an autopsy done?p. 157
How do autopsy techniques vary?p. 162
Are autopsies harmful to pathologists?p. 163
What is a medical examiner/coroner?p. 164
How long have physicians been doing medicolegal autopsies?p. 169
What is special about a medicolegal autopsy?p. 170
Why is an autopsy done on a decomposing or dismembered body?p. 173
How can a person be identified from partial or decomposed remains?p. 176
What happens if they cannot identify my body?p. 181
How is the time of death determined?p. 182
What happens to the organs, tissues, and medical devices examined at autopsy?p. 184
What is an exhumation?p. 186
What happens to miscarried fetuses and stillborn infants?p. 189
What are common religious views about autopsies?p. 190
How do I get the autopsy report?p. 192
What does an autopsy cost?p. 193
Referencesp. 194
Beauty in Deathp. 203
What do undertakers do?p. 205
What does a funeral director do?p. 210
Who is included in the funeral industry?p. 212
What training do embalmers have?p. 216
What are some funeral industry buzzwords?p. 218
How do funeral homes differ?p. 218
What are some traditional preparation rites for bodies?p. 222
What is embalming?p. 226
Why embalm a body?p. 229
What is natural embalming?p. 234
How has intentional embalming occurred in the past?p. 235
How did modern embalming develop?p. 239
How is a body prepared for embalming?p. 241
What is restoration?p. 244
How are cosmetics used on the corpse?p. 248
What restoration techniques are used for organ and tissue donors?p. 250
How is a body embalmed today?p. 251
Are embalming and restoration always successful?p. 258
How is a body prepared for viewing?p. 260
What is postmortem photography?p. 261
How does a mummy differ from an embalmed body?p. 266
How were mummies intentionally prepare?p. 269
How have the living used mummies?p. 273
Are there any modern mummies?p. 275
Can all bodies be embalmed?p. 277
Must all bodies be embalmed?p. 279
What are religious and legal attitudes toward embalming?p. 280
How much does embalming cost?p. 280
Referencesp. 280
The Eternal Flamep. 289
What is cremation?p. 291
What is direct cremation?p. 292
How long has cremation been used?p. 293
Why did our ancestors cremate bodies?p. 296
How did modern society reinstitute cremation?p. 298
Why use cremation today?p. 303
Who uses cremation?p. 305
Can any body be cremated?p. 309
Is a casket or coffin required for cremation?p. 311
Can any casket or coffin be cremated?p. 313
What are crematoria? Where are they located?p. 314
What are columbaria?p. 315
What kind of ceremony accompanies cremation?p. 317
What are cremation rituals in other countries?p. 318
Can my family observe the cremation?p. 320
What happens to the body during cremation?p. 321
How long does it take to cremate a body?p. 322
What is left after cremation?p. 322
Are these really my ashes?p. 324
What is typically done with the ashes?p. 327
May I bury the ashes?p. 328
Where may the ashes be scattered?p. 329
What are urns and cremation memorials?p. 332
What unusual dispositions have been used for cremains?p. 333
Are there problems with cremation in foreign countries?p. 337
What do various religions say about cremation?p. 338
What is the funeral industry's response to cremation?p. 342
How much does cremation cost?p. 343
Referencesp. 346
Souls on Icep. 353
What is cryonic suspension?p. 355
Whose were the first bodies frozen?p. 357
What is the scientific view of cryonic preservation?p. 358
Can any body be frozen?p. 360
How is a body frozen?p. 361
How does nature freeze bodies?p. 363
Could I just have my brain frozen?p. 363
How secure would my frozen body be?p. 366
What are the prospects of successfully reviving a cryonically frozen body?p. 367
Should I believe in cryonics?p. 369
What are new cryonics alternatives?p. 371
What problems would there be if I were reanimated?p. 371
How rich would I be if I were reanimated?p. 372
What are religious and legal attitudes toward cryonics?p. 373
Who are cryonauts?p. 375
How much does cryonic preservation cost?p. 376
Referencesp. 377
Wayward Bodiesp. 381
What happens to bodies exposed to the environment?p. 383
Will the "worms crawl in"?p. 386
Do other animals eat corpses?p. 389
How long does it take for an exposed body to turn to dust?p. 390
Will embalming prevent decay?p. 392
May I be buried at sea?p. 393
How are bodies buried at sea?p. 395
What happens to a body interred in water?p. 397
Are bodies buried at sea eaten by fish?p. 399
Must a boat be used for a water burial?p. 400
Why do dead bodies float?p. 400
What will happen to bodies adrift in space?p. 401
Why steal corpses for anatomical study?p. 402
Why else were corpses stolen?p. 406
How were corpses stolen?p. 408
How were graves protected?p. 411
Who were some infamous body snatchers?p. 413
Was corpse stealing common in the United States?p. 414
What happened to captured graverobbers?p. 419
When were "graverobbed" bodies not dead?p. 421
Are corpses still stolen?p. 424
May I be buried in foreign soil?p. 425
How and why are corpses transported across international borders?p. 426
How are bodies or ashes transported into the United States?p. 429
How are bodies or ashes transported by air?p. 433
Are there problems transporting bodies or ashes across state lines?p. 435
Will I be an archaeological find?p. 436
Referencesp. 439
Nightmaresp. 445
What is cannibalism?p. 447
When has cannibalism provided a necessary source of food?p. 449
How was cannibalism used to acquire powers and satisfy gods?p. 453
What kind of rituals honored dead relatives or enemies?p. 455
How was cannibalism used for revenge?p. 456
Has cannibalism been practiced recently?p. 458
Why hunt or shrink heads?p. 464
Why shrink bodies?p. 468
How is a shrunken head prepared?p. 469
What is stripping the flesh?p. 471
When else have animals been used to devour the dead?p. 475
Why is a body systematically dismembered after death?p. 477
What else was done with criminals' bodies?p. 480
How else are body parts used?p. 483
What is necrophilia?p. 487
What is necrophobia?p. 490
Have people been sacrificed to serve the dead?p. 491
How were corpses supposed to help or harm the living?p. 494
What other unusual uses are there for dead bodies?p. 498
Referencesp. 501
Going Out in Stylep. 509
How are the dead used in ceremonies?p. 511
What is necromancy?p. 512
What is a wake?p. 513
What is a viewing?p. 516
Who gets to "lie in state?"p. 518
Who gets a parade?p. 519
What happens to corpses of famous religious figures?p. 524
What happens to corpses of monarchs and presidents?p. 526
What happens to corpses of other famous people?p. 529
How have corpses served as political symbols?p. 530
Referencesp. 532
Black Tie Affairsp. 535
Why have a funeral?p. 537
How do various religions' funerals differ?p. 539
How do various cultures' funerals differ?p. 544
Can someone have a custom funeral?p. 545
What do corpses wear?p. 549
What is funeral music?p. 554
What are funerals like in times of crisis?p. 556
What happens to bodies on the battlefield?p. 558
What is a coffinp. 562
What is a casket?p. 564
How do I purchase a casket?p. 568
Do caskets prevent body decay?p. 572
Can coffins be reused?p. 573
In what other types of containers are bodies buried?p. 575
Should I have an open- or closed-casket funeral?p. 577
What is proper funeral etiquette?p. 578
Can I have a funeral if I will be cremated or frozen or if my body was lost?p. 580
What is a memorial service?p. 580
What is direct burial or cremation?p. 581
What do funerals cost?p. 582
What regulations govern funeral operations and costs?p. 585
How do I pay for a funeral?p. 588
How are preneed funerals marketed?p. 591
How could preneed plans be improved?p. 593
How does the body get to the burial site?p. 594
How can I obtain additional information about funerals?p. 598
Referencesp. 599
From Earth to Earthp. 607
Why bury a body?p. 609
What choices are there for burial?p. 613
What are potter's fields?p. 618
When are bodies buried in mass graves?p. 620
Why bury corpses with a specific orientation to the earth?p. 622
Can I be buried if I was cremated?p. 624
Can only part of me be buried?p. 624
How much do burials cost?p. 625
Why not bury a body?p. 627
Why "unbury" a body?p. 630
When are famous corpses exhumed?p. 634
What is a cemetery?p. 636
What is a memorial park?p. 642
Who may use veterans cemeteries?p. 643
How are cemeteries planned?p. 644
How do I buy a cemetery lot?p. 646
What is a gravedigger's job?p. 648
How permanent are individual graves?p. 650
How permanent are cemeteries?p. 656
What are grave liners, lawn crypts, and burial vaults?p. 662
How were early graves marked?p. 663
What types of grave markers are available today?p. 665
What is an epitaph?p. 668
U.S. veterans get free gravemarkers?p. 670
What are catacombs?p. 670
What is a mausoleum?p. 671
What are the differences among tombs, sepulchers, crypts, and sarcophagi?p. 677
What laws and religious restrictions govern burial and cemeteries?p. 678
What is a memorial society?p. 679
Referencesp. 681
A Hand from the Gravep. 689
What will my disposal do to the environment?p. 691
How can my body best be preserved?p. 692
Who owns my body after death?p. 693
Can a corpse be held for nonpayment of debts?p. 697
Do I have a choice about what happens to me after death?p. 697
What are advance directives and can they include after-death instructions?p. 699
Body-Disposal Instructions and Discussion Guidep. 701
Costing it out: average cost of postmortem activitiesp. 710
Referencesp. 713
Say It Gently: Words, Sayings, and Poetry about the Deadp. 715
Epitaphsp. 732
Appendicesp. 745
Twenty-Second World Medical Assemblyp. 746
Ad Hoc Committee of Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death, 1968p. 747
Uniform Determination of Death Actp. 749
Universal Determination of Death Statute (Proposed)p. 750
Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (U.S.)p. 751
Embalmers Classification: Types of Corpsesp. 756
The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations for the Return of Remains to the U.S.p. 758
Federal Trade Commission's "Funeral Rule," 16 C.F.R. [section]453p. 760
Selected Independent Funeral Homes Code of Good Funeral Practicep. 765
Glossaryp. 767
Indexp. 781
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