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Child and Adolescent Development for Educators

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ISBN-10: 1593853521

ISBN-13: 9781593853525

Edition: 2007

Authors: Michael Pressley, Christine B. McCormick

List price: $70.00
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Description:

A first graduate-level child development text written specifically for future educators, this volume provides a solid understanding of major theories of development, focusing on how each has informed research and practice in educational contexts.
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Book details

List price: $70.00
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Publication date: 11/20/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 498
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Theoretical Perspectives in Child Development
Introduction to Child Development and Education
The Great Debates about Human Development
Nature versus Nurture
Stages of Development versus Continuous Development
Universals in Development versus Culture-Specific Developments
Trait-Like Consistency in Behaviors versus Situational Determination of Behavior
Active versus Passive Child
Lasting Early Effects of Experience versus Transient Early Effects of Experience
Environmental Influences: A Closer Look
Summary of the Great Debates
Research Methods in Child Development and Education
Quantitative Methods
Qualitative Methods
Specific Approaches to Developmental Research
Summary of Research Methods in Development and Education
Review of Key Terms
Biological Development
Foundations of Neurological Development
Neurological Development Following Birth
Maturation of the Nervous System
Early Intervention
Patterns of Physical Development
Timing of Maturation
Landmarks in Motor Development
Biological Determination of Individual Differences: The Example of Intelligence
Individual Differences in Intelligence: Heredity and the Environment
Reaction Range: Genotypes and Phenotypes
The Effects of High-Quality Environments on Intelligence
Disruptions of Normal Biological Development
Teratogens
Malnutrition
Neurological Injury
Premature Delivery
Interventions for Low-Birthweight Children
Biological Risk after Infancy
Biologically Determined Biases and Constraints
Canalization
Cognitive Capacity Constraints
Hemispheric Specialization
Biological Foundations of Academic Competence
Reading
Dyslexia
Mathematics
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Cognitive Development: Piaget's Stage Theory
Piaget's Four-Stage Theory
Progress through the Stages
Mechanisms of Cognitive Change
Cognitive Conflict and Overcoming Scientific Misconceptions
Evaluation of Piaget's Theory
Neo-Piagetian Perspectives on Development
Case's Theory of Cognitive Development
Fischer's Theories of Cognitive Development
Moral Judgment: An Approach in the Tradition of Piaget
Piaget's Theory of the Development of Moral Reasoning
Kohlberg's Stage Theory of Moral Reasoning
Education and the Development of Moral Judgment
Constructivist Approaches to Education
Constructivism and Mathematics Education
Alternative Approaches to Constructivism
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Cognitive Development: Information-Processing Theory
Basic Memory Capacities and Mechanisms
Explanations of Developmental Increases in Functional Capacity of Short-Term Memory
Strategies
Definition of Strategies
Development of Strategy Use in Young Children
Strategy Use by Preschoolers
Development of Strategic Competence in the School Years
Teaching Strategies
Continued Use of Strategies Following Instruction
Monitoring Strategy Effectiveness
Representation of Knowledge
Procedural Knowledge
Concepts
Neural Networks
Images
Schemata
Situated, Distributed Knowledge
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Social Theories of Development and Learning
Social Learning Theory
Observational Learning of Behaviors and Expectancies
Cognitive Mechanisms of Social Learning
Other Mechanisms of Social Learning
Behavior Modification: Applied Operant Conditioning
Cognitive-Behavior Modification
Classroom Management
Development According to Freud: The Psychosexual Stage Theory
Psychosexual Stages of Development
Anxiety and Defense Mechanisms
Unconscious and Conscious Processing
Psychoanalysis and Education
Evaluation of Freudian Theory
Development According to Erikson: The Psychosocial Stage Theory
Psychosocial Stages of Development
Identity and Identity Crises
Evaluation of Eriksonian Theory
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Sociocultural Theories of Development and Education
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Approaches to Mind
The Developmental Relationship between Thought and Speech
Development of Sophisticated Thought
Apprenticeship
Research Validating Sociocultural Positions
The Challenges of Scaffolding and Teaching as Apprenticeship
Cultural Differences and Their Implications for Classroom Practice
Macroethnographic Analyses
Microethnographic Research
Cross-Cultural Differences and the Testing of Minority Students
Cross-Cultural Insights about the Effects of Schooling on Cognitive Development
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Key Topics in Child Development and Education
Language Development and Linguistic Diversity
Biological Foundations of Language
Left-Hemisphere Involvement in Language
Genetic Studies of Language Functioning
Critical Periods for Language Development
Speed of Acquisition Relative to the Amount of Input for Language Development
Language Acquisition
Prelinguistic Development: Speech Perception and Production
Semantic Development
Syntactic Development
Pragmatics
Metalinguistic Awareness
Concluding Comment on First-Language Development
Bilingualism
Bilingual Language Development
Bilingualism and Cognitive Development
The Nature and Effects of Education on Bilingual Students
Language Disorders
Phonological Impairment
Semantic (Vocabulary) Impairments
Grammatical Impairments
Pragmatic Impairments
Deafness
Oral Communication versus Sign Language Debate
Language Development
Cognitive Differences in Deaf and Hearing-Normal Individuals
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Intelligence and Individual Differences in Academic Competence
Standardized Tests
Reliability
Validity
Questions Educators Should Ask about Tests
Intelligence Testing
Wechsler Intelligence Scales
Other Intelligence Tests for Children
Group Measures of Intelligence
Intellectual Competencies across the Lifespan
Cattell and Horn's Theory of Intelligence across the Lifespan
Continuing Debates about the Nature of Intelligence
Bias in Mental Testing
Differences in Test Performance Related to Socioeconomic Level
Other Potential Sources of Test Bias
Testing and the Law
Learner Diversity
Giftedness
Learning Disabilities
Mental Retardation
Other Students at Risk for School Difficulties and Failure
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
The Development of Academic Motivation
Why Does Academic Motivation Decline with Increasing Grade in School?
Self-Efficacy
Attributions for Success and Failure
Classroom Competition
Views of Intelligence
Overjustification Effects
Promoting Motivation in School
Cooperative Learning
Attribution Retraining
Making Academic Tasks More Interesting
Nurturing Possible Selves
How Do Really Motivating Teachers Motivate Their Students?
Contextual Determination of Academic Motivation
Microsystem
Macrosystem
Microsystem-Macrosystem Interactions
Biological Contextual Effects
Role of the Individual Child
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Family and Peer Relationships
The Child's First Relationship: Adult-Infant Attachment
Infant Cognitive Development and Attachment
Measurement of Attachment: The Strange Situation
Other Measures of Attachment
The Nature of Maternal Responsiveness
Attachment and Subsequent Social Relations
Attachment and Subsequent Cognitive Interactions
Family and Development after Infancy
Parental Style
Specific Socialization Mechanisms
Beyond the Family: Peer Relationships
Development of Peer Relations
Development of Social-Cognitive Abilities
The Gender of Friends
Popular and Unpopular Children
Parental and Peer Pressures
Why Have Friends?: The Developmental Significance of Friendship
How Does Daycare Affect Social and Academic Development?
The Characteristics Determining the Quality of Daycare
Daycare Effects on Attachment
Daycare Effects on Cognitive Competence
Daycare for School-Age Children
How Do Social Relationships Affect Academic Achievement?
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Gender Role Development
Gender Stereotypes versus Gender Differences
Social and Personality Differences
Cognitive Differences
Androgyny
Theoretical Explanations of Gender Differences
Biological Theories
Social Learning Theories of Gender Role Development
Cognitive Theories
Motivation and Gender Differences in Academic Performance
Expectancies about Academic Success and Reactions to Failures
Societal, Parental, and Teacher Input and Reactions
Lifestyle Preferences
Interpretive Summary
Development of Sexuality
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Recognizing and Understanding Student Mental Health Problems
Themes to Keep in Mind
The Quantity and Quality of the Problem Behavior
The Context in Which the Problem Behavior Occurs
The "It's Probably Not a Zebra!" Issue
What's an Educator to Do?
Psychological Problems Often First Detected in Early Childhood
Pervasive Developmental Disorders
What Can Teachers Do When Working with Children with PDDs?
Psychological Problems Present during the Elementary-School Years
Children's Anxieties
What Can Teachers Do to Attend to Children's Anxiety?
Disruptive Behavior Disorders
What Can Teachers Do to Assess and Intervene for Disruptive Behavior Disorders?
Psychological Problems That Are Prevalent during Adolescence
Adolescent Substance Misuse
Mood Disorders
What Can Teachers Do to Support and Assist Troubled Adolescents?
Chapter Summary and Evaluation
Developmental Debates
Review of Key Terms
Integrative Review of Major Concepts
The Major Periods of Development
Prenatal Development
Infancy
Early Childhood
Middle Childhood
Adolescence
Summary and Concluding Comment
Mechanisms of Development and the Determinants of Individual Differences
The Nature of Nature
The Nature of Nurture
Summary and Concluding Comment
References
Index