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Candide

ISBN-10: 159308028X

ISBN-13: 9781593080280

Edition: 2003

Authors: Francois Voltaire, Gita May, Laurence Walsh, Henry Morley, Laurence Walsh

List price: $6.95
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Description:

One of the finest satires ever written, Voltaire’s Candide savagely skewers this very “optimistic” approach to life as a shamefully inadequate response to human suffering. The swift and lively tale follows the absurdly melodramatic adventures of the youthful Candide, who is forced into the army, flogged, shipwrecked, betrayed, robbed, separated from his beloved Cunégonde, and tortured by the Inquisition. As Candide experiences and witnesses calamity upon calamity, he begins to discover that—contrary to the teachings of his tutor, Dr. Pangloss—all is perhaps not always for the best. After many trials, travails, and incredible reversals of fortune, Candide and his friends finally retire together to a small farm, where they discover that the secret of happiness is simply “to cultivate one's garden,” a philosophy that rejects excessive optimism and metaphysical speculation in favor of the most basic pragmatism. Filled with wit, intelligence, and an abundance of dark humor, Candide is relentless and unsparing in its attacks upon corruption and hypocrisy—in religion, government, philosophy, science, and even romance. Ultimately, this celebrated work says that it is possible to challenge blind optimism without losing the will to live and pursue a happy life.
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Book details

List price: $6.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Barnes & Noble, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/1/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 176
Size: 5.00" wide x 7.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.550
Language: English

Born in Paris the son of a government official, Francois-Marie Arouet was educated at the College Louis-le-Grand, a Jesuit seminary. He was educated to be a lawyer, but the had no taste for the law. When he was sent to Holland as a diplomat, an unwise love affair caused him to be sent back quickly to France. Shortly after returning, he was charged with writing a scathing satire of the nobility and was sent to prison for 11 months. While there, he assumed the name Voltaire and continued his writing. Throughout his life, Voltaire was a progressive thinker and an opponent of political and religious oppression. He was instrumental in popularizing philosophical, religious, and scientific ideas that were frequently derived from liberal thinkers in England, where he lived for two years after his imprisonment. Probably more than anything else, Voltaire can be characterized as a "liberator," fighting always for man's freedom. Despite his many works of philosophy, plays , and political essays, Voltaire is best known to twentieth-century readers as the author of the novel Candide (1759), a masterpiece of satire on the overly optimistic views of the German philosopher Leibniz, for whom "all is for the best in this best of all possible worlds" Candide, which has been called "a philosophical romance" was made into a musical by American composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein and played successfully in New York City on Broadway.

An Appreciation
How Candide was brought up in a beautiful castle, and how he was driven from it
What happened to Candide among the Bulgars
How Candide escaped from the Bulgars, and what happened to him
How Candide met his former philosophy teacher, Dr. Pangloss, and what ensued
Storm, shipwreck and earthquake, and what happened to Dr. Pangloss, Candide and James the Anabaptist
How a fine auto-da-fe was performed to prevent earthquakes, and how Candide was flogged
How an old woman took care of Candide, and how he found the object of his love
Cunegonde's story
What happened to Cunegonde, Candide, the Grand Inquisitor and the Jew
How Candide, Cunegonde and the old woman arrived at Cadiz in great distress, and how they set sail from there
The old woman's story
Further misfortunes of the old woman
How Candide was forced to leave the fair Cunegonde and the old woman
How Candide and Cacambo were received by the Jesuits of Paraguay
How Candide killed the brother of his beloved Cunegonde
What happened to the two travelers with two girls, two monkeys, and the savages know as the Oreillons
How Candide and his valet came to the land of Eldorado
What they saw in the land of Eldorado
What happened to them at Surinam, and how Candide became acquainted with Martin
What happened to Candide and Martin at sea
How Candide and Martin reasoned with each other as they approached the coast of France
What happened to Candide and Martin in France
How Candide and Martin reached the coast of England, and what they saw there
Paquette and Brother Giroflee
A visit to Signor Pococurante, Venetian nobleman
How Candide and Martin had supper with six foreigners, and who they were
Candide's voyage to Constantinople
What happened to Candide, Cunegonde, Pangloss, Martin, etc.
How Candide found Cunegonde and the old woman again
Conclusion
Notes