Evolutionary Theory and Victorian Culture
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Description: Although Charles Darwin was a central figure in the 19th-century development of evolutionary theory, we often tend to overlook the crucial role played by other leading thinkers of the time. For example, Alfred Russel Wallace independently arrived at nearly identical conclusions as Darwin on the origin and evolution of species. Furthermore, the phrase "survival of the fittest", which most people now associate with Darwin, was actually coined by philosopher Herbert Spencer to describe the key mechanism of natural selection. And in the cultural debate on evolution no one played a more prominent role than Thomas Henry Huxley, known as "Darwin's bulldog". This absorbing study of the Victorian controversies over the cultural meaning of evolution broadens our perspective by emphasising the contributions of these and other prominent individuals. Martin Fichman traces the emergence of science as a definitive political and cultural force in this critical period, showing that evolutionary biology was at the epicentre of these profound socio-cultural transformations. His astute analysis of the often vehement Victorian debates on the political, religious, racial, and ethical implications of evolutionary thought reveals how science came to be inseparable from the broader culture. He also relates nineteenth-century controversies to cultural debates in the twentieth century, in particular the notorious Scopes trial (1925) and the ongoing debate about "scientific creationism".
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All the information you need in one place! Each Study Brief is a summary of one specific subject; facts, figures, and explanations to help you learn faster.
List price: $23.99
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Prometheus Books, Publishers
Publication date: 11/1/2002
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
|Evolutionism in Cultural Context|
|Debates on Human Evolution|
|Wallace and Darwin: The Major Differences|
|Evolution and Religion: Tensions and Accommodation|
|The Contemporary Debates: "Creation Science"?|