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Secret Societies of the Middle Ages The Assassins, Templars and the Secret Tribunals of Westphalia

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ISBN-10: 1578633346

ISBN-13: 9781578633340

Edition: 2005

Authors: Thomas Keightley, James Wasserman

List price: $22.95
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This book explores the foundations of modern secret societies, examining the history and known facts of three very different organizations: the Assassins of the Middle East, the Templars of Europe and the Secret Tribunals of Westphalia.
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Book details

List price: $22.95
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser
Publication date: 4/13/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 428
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.50" long x 0.98" tall
Weight: 1.364
Language: English

The Assassins
State of the World in the Seventh Century
Western Empire
Eastern Empire
His probable Motives
Character of his Religion
The Koran
Origin of the Khalifat
The first Khalifs
Extent of the Arabian Empire
Schism among the Mohammedans
Soonees and Sheahs
Sects of the latter
The Keissanee
The Zeidites
The Ghoollat
The Imamee
Sects of the Imamee
Their political Character
The Carmathites
Origin of the Fatimite Khalifs
Secret Society at Cairo
Doctrines taught in it
Its Decline
Ali of Rei
His son Hassan Sabah
Hassan sent to study at Nishaboor
Meets there Omar Khiam and Nizam-al-Moolk
Agreement made by them
Hassan introduced by Nizam to Sultan Malek Shah
Obliged to leave the Court
Anecdote of him
His own account of his Conversion
Goes to Egypt
Returns to Persia
Makes himself Master of Alamoot
Description of Alamoot
Fruitless attempts to recover it
Extension of the Ismailite Power
The Ismailites in Syria
Attempt on the Life of Aboo-Hard Issa
Treaty made with Sultan Sanjar
Death of Hassan
His Character
Organization of the Society
Names given to the Ismailites
Origin of the name Assassin
Marco Polo's description of the Paradise of the Old Man of the Mountain
Description of it given by Arabian writers Instances of the obedience of the Fedavee
Keah Buzoorg Oomeid
Afiairs of the Society in Persia
They acquire the Castle of Banias in Syria
Attempt to betray Damascus to the Crusaders
Murders committed during the reign of Keah Buzoorg
Keah Mohammed
Murder of the Khalif
Castles gained in Syria
Ismailite Confession of Faith
Mohammed's Son Hassan gives himself out for the promised Imam
His followers punished
Succession of Hassan
He abolishes the Law
Pretends to be descended from the Prophet
Is murdered
Mohammed II
Anecdote of the Imam Fakhr-ed-deen
Conquest of Egypt
Attempt on the Life of Saladin
Sinan the Dai-al Kebir of Syria
Offers to become a Christian
His Ambassador murdered by the Temblars
Cardinal de Vitry's Account of the Assassins
Murder of the Marquis of Montferrat
Defence of King Richard
Death of Jellal-ed-deen
Character of Ala-ed-deen, his successor
The Sheikh Jemal-ed-deen
The Astronomer Nasir-ed-deen
The Vizir Sheref-al-Moolk
Death of Ala-ed-deen
Succession of Rukn-ed-deen, the last Sheikh-al-Jebal
The Mongols
Hoolagoo sent against the Ismailites
Rukn-ed-deen submits
Capture of Alamoot
Destruction of the Library
Fate of Rukn-ed-deen
Massacre of the Ismailites
St. Louis and the Assassins
Mission for the Conversion of the People of Kuhistan
The Templars
The Crusades
Wrong Ideas respecting their Origin
True Causes of them
Pilgrimage of Frotmond
Of the Count of Anjou
Striking Difference between the Christianity of the East and that of the West
Causes of their different Characters
The Extent and Force of this Principle
First Hospital at Jerusalem
Church of Santa Maria de Latina
Hospital of St. John
The Hospitallers
Origin of the Templars
Their original Poverty
They acquire Consideration
St Bernard
His Character of the Templars
The Order approved of and confirmed by the Council of Troyes
Proofs of the Esteem in which they were held
Return of the Templars to the East
Exoneration and Refutation of the Charge of a Connection with the Ismailites
Actions of the Templars
Crusade of Louis VII
Siege of Ascalon
Sale of Nassir-ed-deen
Corruption of the Hospitallers
The Bull, Omne Datum Optimum
Refusal of the Templars to march against Egypt
Murder of the Ismailite Envoy
Heroism of the Templars and Hospitallers
Battle of Hittin
Crusade of Richard of England and Philip of France
Corruption of the Order
Pope Innocent III. writes a Letter of Censure
Frederic II
Great Slaughter of the Templars
Henry III. of England and the Templars
Power of the Templars in Moravia
Slaughter of them by the Hospitallers
Fall of Acre
Classes of the Templars
The Knights
Their Qualifications
Mode of Reception
Dress and Arms of the Knight
Mode of Burial
The Chaplains
Mode of Reception
Duties and Privileges
The Serving-Brethren
Mode of Reception
Their Duties
The Affiliated
Causes and Advantages of Affiliation
The Donates and Oblates
Provinces of the Order
Eastern Provinces
Houses of this Province
Western Provinces
Castile and Leon
France and Auvergne
Upper and Central Italy
Apulia and Sicily
Officers of the Order
The Master
Mode of Election
His Rights and Privileges
Restraints on him
The Seneschal
The Marshal
The Treasurer
The Draper
The Turcopilar
Mode of holding them
Templars' Mode of Living
Conduct in War
Molay elected Master
Last attempt of the Christians in Syria
Conduct of the Three Military Orders
Philip the Fair and Pope Boniface VIII
Seizure of the Pope
Election of Clement V
The Papal See removed to France
Causes of Philip's enmity to the Templars
Arrival of Molay in France
His interviews with the Pope
Charges made against the Templars
Seizure of the Knights
Proceedings in England
Nature of the Charges against the Order
Examination of the captive Knights
Different kinds of Torture
Causes of Confession
What Confessions were made
Templars brought before the Pope
Their Declarations
Papal Commission
Molay brought before it
Ponsard de Gisi
Defenders of the Order
Act of Accusation
Heads of Defence
Witnesses against the Order
Fifty-four Templars committed to the Flames at Paris
Remarkable words of Aymeric de Villars-le-Duc
Templars burnt in other places
Further Examinations
The Head worshipped by the Templars
John de Pollincourt
Peter de la Palu
Examinations in England
Naples and Provence
Meeting of the Council of Vienne
Suppression of the Order
Fate of its Members
Death of Molay
The Secret Tribunals of Westphalia
The Original Westphalia
Conquest of the Saxons by Charlemagne
His Regulations
Dukes of Saxony
State of Germany
Henry the Lion
His Outlawry
Consequences of it
Origin of German Towns
Origin of the Fehm-gerichte, or Secret Tribunals
Theories of their Origin
Origin of their Name
Synonymous Terms
The Tribunal-Lord
The Count
The Schoppen
The Messengers
The Public Court
The Secret Tribunal
Extent of its Jurisdiction
Places of holding the Courts
Time of holding them
Proceedings in them
Process where the Criminal was caught in the fact
Inquisitorial Process
Accusatorial Process
Persons liable to it
Mode of Citation
Mode of Procedure
Right of Appeal
The General Chapter
Rights of the Emperor
Of his Lieutenant
Of the Stuhlherrn, or Tribunal-Lords
Fehm-courts at Celle
At Brunswick
Tribunal of the Knowing in the Tyrol
The Castle of Baden
African Purrahs
The Emperor Lewis the Bavarian
Charles IV
Rupertian Reformation
Encroachments of the Fehm-courts
Case of Nickel Weller and the Town of Gorlitz
Of the City of Dantzig
Of Hans David and the Teutonic Knights
Other instances of the presumption of the Free-counts
Citation of the Emperor Frederic III
Case of the Count of Teckenburg
Cause of the degeneracy of the Fehm-courts
Attempts at reformation
Causes of their high reputation
Case of the Duke of Wurtemberg
Of Kerstian Kerkerink
Causes of the Decline of the Fehm-jurisdiction