Tools of Critical Thinking : Metathoughts for Psychology

ISBN-10: 1577663160

ISBN-13: 9781577663164

Edition: 1997

Authors: David A. Levy

List price: $31.95
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This is a book designed to improve one's thinking skills through the application of metathinking principles, which consist of a series of specific strategies, methods, and techniques for approaching all forms of inquiry, study and problem solving, with particular application to the field of psychology. Metathoughts are cognitive tools that can be successfully taught, learned, and utilized to consider issues from a variety of different perspectives and alternate points of view. The ideas in this book are vividly brought to life with illustrative examples, clinical anecdotes, case vignettes, contemporary social problems and issues, challenging exercises, and clever satires--all drawn from a diverse sampling of topics within psychology and packaged in a form that is engrossing, easy to read, and eminently useful. Even ideas that potentially might be confusing, obscure, or elusive are organized and presented in a manner that is straightforward, understandable, and enjoyable.
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Book details

List price: $31.95
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: Waveland Press, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/1/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 262
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

About the Author
The Evaluative Bias of Language: To Describe Is to Prescribep. 3
The Reification Error: Comparing Apples and Existentialismp. 7
Multiple Levels of Description: The Simultaneity of Physical and Psychological Eventsp. 13
The Nominal Fallacy and Tautologous Reasoning: To Name Something Isn't to Explain Itp. 19
Differentiating Dichotomous Variables and Continuous Variables: Black and White, or Shades of Grey?p. 23
Consider the Opposite: To Contrast Is to Definep. 27
The Similarity-Uniqueness Paradox: All Phenomena Are Both Similar and Differentp. 34
The Naturalistic Fallacy: Blurring the Line between "Is" and "Should"p. 45
The Barnum Effect: "One-Size-Fits-All" Personality Interpretationsp. 50
Correlation Does Not Prove Causation: Confusing "What" with "Why"p. 59
Bi-Directional Causation: Causal Loops, Healthy Spirals, and Vicious Cyclesp. 65
Multiple Causation: Not "Either/Or," But "Both/And"p. 69
Degrees of Causation: Not All Causes Are Created Equalp. 73
Multiple Pathways of Causation: Different Causes, Same Effectsp. 76
The Fundamental Attribution Error: Underestimating the Impact of External Influencesp. 83
The Intervention-Causation Fallacy: The Cure Doesn't Prove the Causep. 90
The Consequence-Intentionality Fallacy: The Effect Doesn't Prove the Intentp. 94
The "If I Feel It, It Must Be True" Fallacy: The Truth Hurts; But So Do Liesp. 101
The Spectacular Explanation Fallacy: Extraordinary Events Do Not Require Extraordinary Causesp. 111
Deductive and Inductive Reasoning: Two Methods of Inferencep. 119
Reactivity: To Observe Is to Disturbp. 126
The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: When Expectations Create Realityp. 131
The Assimilation Bias: Viewing the World through Schema-Colored Glassesp. 136
The Confirmation Bias: Ye Shall Find Only What Ye Shall Seekp. 146
The Belief Perseverance Effect: The Rat Is Always Rightp. 155
The Hindsight Bias: Predicting a Winner after the Race Is Finishedp. 162
The Representativeness Bias: Fits and Misfits of Categorizationp. 171
The Availability Bias: The Persuasive Power of Vivid Eventsp. 180
The Insight Fallacy: To Understand Something Isn't Necessarily to Change Itp. 187
Every Decision Is a Trade-Off: Take Stock of Pluses and Minusesp. 197
Epilogue: Concluding Meta-Metathoughtsp. 203
Metathoughts Summary and Antidote Tablep. 210
"Pervasive Labeling Disorder"p. 224
App. 2: Selected Answers to Chapter Exercisesp. 227
Glossaryp. 232
Referencesp. 250
Name Indexp. 257
Subject Indexp. 259
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.
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