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Understanding Educational Reform A Reference Handbook

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ISBN-10: 1576078086

ISBN-13: 9781576078082

Edition: 2002

Authors: Raymond A. Horn, Danny Weil

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The only handbook of its kind to bring together materials from a wide range of authoritative works, providing the reader with a comprehensive overview of reform in American education.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, LLC
Publication date: 11/5/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 338
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Series Editor's Preface
The Essential Questions about Educational Reform
Defining Educational Reform
Educational Reform, Change, and Progress
The Political Context of Defining Reform
Using a Post-Formal Method to Understand Educational Reform
The Need for Educational Reform
Arguments Supporting the Need for Reform--and Some Caveats
Going Beyond Reform--School Choice and Deschooling
Reform and the Purpose of Education
Functional Purposes
Philosophical Purposes
The Importance of a Critical Approach
The Sustainability of Educational Reform
The Persistent Failure of Educational Reform
Messy Problems and Educational Dilemmas
The Need for Time to Fully Implement Reforms
Reasons That Some Reforms Should Not Be Sustained
When Do You Give Up on a Reform?
Historical Responses to These Questions
The History of Reform in American Education
The Mid-1800s to 1900
The Late 1800s
The Committee of Ten and the Humanist View of Curriculum
The Child Study and Child Development Movement
1900 to 1950
The Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education
Vocational Education
The Social Efficiency Movement
Progressives, Social Reformers, Social Meliorists
Essentialist Education Movement
The Eight-Year Study and the Tyler Rationale
Life Adjustment Education
The 1950s
Sputnik and a Return to Humanism
James Conant and the Reform of the American High School
The National Defense Education Act and the National Science Foundation
Reform Outcomes and Patterns of the 1950s
The Beginning of the Quest for Equity
The 1960s and 1970s
Striving for Equity in American Education
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act and Compensatory Reform
Continuing Federal Reform into the 1970s
New Reforms, the Fate of Previous Reform, and the Critics of Education
The 1980s and 1990s
The Influence of Business in Educational Policy
Compensatory Education
Commission Reports and Reform Initiatives
Restructuring, Educational Standards, and Accountability
Outcomes of the Reforms of 1980 to the Present
The Politics of Educational Reform
Conservative, Liberal, and Radical perspectives on Education and Reform
The Conservative View
The Liberal View
The Radical View
The Culture Wars
Market-Based Reform
Total Quality Management
The Influence of Business Consultants on Education
The Privatization of Public Schools
The Deeper Issues of the Privatization of Public Schools
Channel One: Students as Consumers and Schools as New Markets
School Choice and the Politics of Educational Reform
Teacher Unions and the Politics of Educational Reform
The Process of Educational Reform
Initiating Educational Reform
Implementing Educational Reform
Implementation of Educational Reform by State Governments
Implementation of Educational Reform by Universities
Implementation of Educational Reform by Professional Organizations
Implementation of Educational Reform through Professional Development in Schools
Implementation of Educational Reform by Textbook Publishers
The Influence of Mass Media on the Implementation of Educational Reform
Two Basic Elements of the Reform Process--Conversation and Stakeholder Participation
The Dilemma of How to Deal with Change
The Complexity of Educational Change
Approaches to Educational Change
The Dilemma of Educational Research
The Dueling Philosophies of Research Methodology
The Purpose of Educational Research
The Origins of Knowledge and Educational Decision Making
The Current Condition of Educational Research
The Current Condition As It Is Assessed
Creating and Implementing Quality Research Standards
Political Pressure on Educational Research
The Inadequate Funding of Educational Research
The Quandary of Quantitative and Qualitative Research
Quantitative Research
Qualitative Research
The Contentious Relationship of Theory and Practice
Defining the Relationship between Theory and Practice: Dewey and Thorndike
Attempts to Recombine Theory and Practice
Reform in Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment
Defining Curriculum
The Differing Manifestations of Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment
The Standards and Accountability Movement
The Role of the Public in Education Reform
Defining Community
Public Understanding of and Participation in Educational Reform
The Relationship between the School and the Public
Public Involvement through Site-Based Reforms
Public Involvement through School Choice
Resistance to Reform
The Cultural Context of Resistance to Reform
The Personal Context of Resistance to Reform
Resistance and Accountability
Selected Print and Nonprint Resources
Print Resources
Curriculum, Educational Change, and School Reform
History of Education
Reform in School Administration
Nonprint Resources
About the Author