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Understanding Research Methods A Guide for the Public and Nonprofit Manager

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ISBN-10: 1574445855

ISBN-13: 9781574445855

Edition: 2008

Authors: Donijo Robbins

List price: $115.00
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Description:

Designed for a one- or two-semester course, this standalone textbook provides a comprehensive exploration of research designs and analytical tools that serve as the foundation for decision-making in the fields of public policy and nonprofit administration. Graduate students studying these areas will learn how to develop proper research questions, define specific research purposes, and form hypotheses that avoid confusion in measurement and analysis. Illustrated by exercises and examples throughout the text, Understanding Research Methods offers a blueprint for developing research projects, demonstrating how to report, interpret, and communicate research findings in an effective way.
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Book details

List price: $115.00
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 10/28/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 306
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

Preface
The Author
Introduction to Research
Introduction
Research
Overview of Book
Summary
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
The Research Process
Introduction
The Purpose of Research
Development of Research Focus
Concepts and Variables
Unit of Analysis and Dimension of Time
Research Questions and Hypotheses
The Literature
Logic
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Variable Construction
Introduction
Characteristics of Measurements
Discrete or Continuous
Mutually Exclusive and Exhaustive
Levels of Measurement
The Development of Variables
Summated Scales and Indexes
Reliability
Validity
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Research Ethics
Introduction
Ethics in the Research Process
Protection of Human Subjects
Institutional Review Boards
The Belmont Report
Respect
Beneficence
Justice
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Research Designs
Introduction
Validity
Research Designs
Case Studies
One-Group Comparison Studies
Two-Group Comparison Studies
Recap
Threats to Validity
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Data Collection
Introduction
Primary Sources
Interviews
Self-Administered Surveys
Secondary Sources
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Sampling
Introduction
Some Definitions
Sample Selection
Probability Sampling
Nonprobability Sampling
Recap
Sample Size
Error
Reaching Respondents and Improving Response Rates
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Generating Random Numbers in Microsoft Excel: An Illustration
Sample Size for Small Populations (50,000 or Less) Using Proportionate Data and a 95% Confidence Level
Sample Size for Small Populations (50,000 or Less) Using Proportionate Data and a 99% Confidence Level
Endnotes
Questionnaire Construction
Introduction
Question Wording
Simplicity
Clarity
Unbiased
Realistic Time Frames
Specificity without Assumption Making
Negatives without Nots and Double Nots
One Concept, One Question
Recap
Question Structure
Open-Ended Questions
Closed and Partially Closed Questions
Response Formats for Closed Questions
Measurement Levels
Ranking Responses
Don't Know or Undecided
No Opinion or Neutral
One versus All
Recap
Questionnaire Layout
Length and Appearance
Question Placement and Sequence
Response Order and Layout
Recap
Cover Letters
Final Stages
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Readings
Endnotes
Coding and Managing Data
Introduction
The Codebook
Coding
Database Management
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Descriptive Data Analysis
Introduction
Central Tendency: Finding the Most, Middle, or Average
Mode
Median
Mean
Measures of Dispersion
Minimum, Maximum, and Range
Quartiles and Percentiles
Frequency Distributions
Histograms
Standard Deviation
Graphics
Pie Charts
Bar Graphs
Line Graphs
Calculating Descriptive Statistics and Creating the Graphics
Descriptive Statistics
Creating Graphics in Excel
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Bivariate Statistics
Introduction
Testing for Relationships
Cross Tabulations
Difference of Means
Analysis of Variance
Correlation
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Communicating Research Results
Introduction
The Components of a Research Paper
The Executive Summary
The Introduction
The Findings
The Conclusion
Other Components
Presenting Tables and Graphics
Summary
Key Terms
Exercises
Recommended Reading
Endnotes
Epilogue
Bibliography
Index