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Adhesion and Adhesive Technology

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ISBN-10: 1569903190

ISBN-13: 9781569903193

Edition: 2nd 2002

Authors: A. V. Pocius

List price: $89.95
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Description:

This book describes, in clear, understandable language, the three main disciplines of adhesion technology:
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Book details

List price: $89.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Hanser-Gardner Publications
Binding: Hardcover
Size: 6.25" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.496
Language: English

Introductionp. 1
Introduction and Chapter Objectivesp. 1
Basic Definitionsp. 1
Advantages and Disadvantages of Adhesive Bondingp. 2
Uses of Adhesive Bonding in Modern Industryp. 5
Economics of Adhesive Technologyp. 11
Literature and Other Sources of Informationp. 12
Summaryp. 14
Referencesp. 14
The Mechanical Properties of Materials as They Relate to Adhesionp. 15
Introductionp. 15
Definition of Mechanical Stresses for Materials Testingp. 15
Stress-Strain Plots and the Definition of Materials Property Parametersp. 17
Tensile Forcesp. 17
Shear Forcesp. 20
Strain Energy Densityp. 20
Introduction to Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanicsp. 21
Introduction to Rheology of Liquidsp. 24
Introduction to Linear Viscoelasticityp. 26
An Application of Materials Properties and Mechanics: The Bending of Beamsp. 31
Summaryp. 39
Bibliographyp. 39
Problems and Review Questionsp. 39
Mechanical Tests of Adhesive Bond Performancep. 43
Introductionp. 43
Failure Modes and the Definition of Practical Adhesionp. 43
Tensile Testing of Adhesive Bondsp. 44
Shear Loading of Adhesive Bondsp. 48
The Standard Lap Shear Specimenp. 48
Variations on the Lap Shear Specimenp. 53
Specimen for Determining the True Shear Properties of an Adhesivep. 55
The Goland--Reissner Analysis of the Lap Shear Specimenp. 56
Cleavage Loading of Adhesive Bondsp. 63
Cleavage or Fracture Specimensp. 63
Double Cantilever Beam Specimensp. 65
Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics Applied to the Double Cantilever Beam Specimenp. 66
Blister Testp. 68
Compact Tension Testp. 68
Wedge Testp. 69
Peel Testsp. 70
Stress Analysis in a Peel Specimenp. 73
Summaryp. 76
Bibliographyp. 76
Referencesp. 76
Problems and Review Questionsp. 77
The Basics of Intermolecular Forces and Surface Sciencep. 78
Introductionp. 78
Fundamental Forcesp. 78
Electrostatic Forcesp. 80
van der Waals Interactionsp. 81
Dipole--Dipole Interactionsp. 81
Dipole-Induced Dipolep. 83
Dispersion Forcesp. 83
Interactions through Electron Pair Sharingp. 85
Repulsive Forcesp. 86
Surface Forces and Surface Energyp. 86
Work of Cohesion and Adhesionp. 90
Methods of Measurement of Surface Energy and Related Parametersp. 92
Surface Tensionp. 92
Drop Weight/Volume Methodp. 93
du Nuoy Tensiometerp. 93
Surface Energy of Solidsp. 94
Contact Angle Methodsp. 94
Contact Mechanics and Direct Measurement of Solid Surface Energyp. 96
Surface Thermodynamics and Predictions of Surface and Interfacial Tensionsp. 102
The Good--Girifalco Relationshipp. 104
The Fowkes Hypothesis and Fractional Polarityp. 105
The Zisman Plotp. 107
Modern Application of Contact Angle Measurementsp. 108
Modern Methods of Surface Analysisp. 109
Modern Methods for the Analysis of the Chemistry of Surfacesp. 112
Topological Methods of Surface Analysisp. 112
Summaryp. 114
Bibliographyp. 114
Referencesp. 114
Problems and Review Questionsp. 116
Basic Physico/Chemical Properties of Polymersp. 118
Introductionp. 118
Basic Terminologyp. 118
Monomers versus Polymersp. 118
Basic Types of Polymeric Materialsp. 119
Molecular Weightp. 120
Thermal Transitions of Polymersp. 122
Measurement of T[subscript g]p. 123
Dynamic Mechanical Measurements and Viscoelasticityp. 124
Methods of Measurement of Dynamic Mechanical Propertiesp. 124
Examples of Dynamic Mechanical Data for Polymersp. 126
Time-Temperature Superpositionp. 129
Summaryp. 131
Bibliographyp. 131
Referencesp. 131
The Relationship of Surface Science and Adhesion Sciencep. 132
Introductionp. 132
Rationalizations of Adhesion Phenomenap. 132
Electrostatic Theory of Adhesionp. 133
Diffusion Theory of Adhesionp. 135
Diffusive Adhesive Bonding and Block Copolymers at Interfacesp. 138
Mechanical Interlocking and Adhesionp. 141
Kinetics of Pore Penetrationp. 144
Wettability and Adhesionp. 145
Acid-Base Interactions at Interfacesp. 144
Covalent Bonding at Interfacesp. 151
Coupling Agentsp. 153
The Relationship of Fundamental Forces of Adhesion and Practical Adhesionp. 155
The Weak Boundary Layerp. 159
Summaryp. 160
Bibliographyp. 161
Referencesp. 161
Problems and Review Questionsp. 162
The Surface Preparation of Adherends for Adhesive Bondingp. 164
Introductionp. 164
Plastic Surface Preparationp. 166
Corona Discharge Treatmentp. 166
Corona Discharge Treatment of Polyethylenep. 168
Corona Discharge Treatment of Polypropylenep. 171
Corona Discharge Treatment of Poly(ethylene terephthalate)p. 171
Corona Discharge Treatment of Other Materialsp. 173
Flame Treatmentp. 174
Plasma Treatmentp. 176
Plasma Treatment of PEp. 177
Plasma Treatment of Other Substratesp. 180
Other Physical Treatment Methods of Polymer Surfacesp. 180
Treatments Using Ultraviolet Radiationp. 180
Other Vacuum Methods of Surface Preparationp. 181
Wet Chemical Methods of Treatment of Polymer Surfacesp. 181
Single Surface Chemical Functionalization and Chromic Acid Treatment of PEp. 182
Wet Chemical Surface Treatment of Poly(tetrafluoroethylene)p. 183
Priming of Polymer Surfacesp. 184
Priming of Polyolefins for Cyanoacrylatesp. 184
Chlorinated Polyolefinsp. 184
Metal Surface Preparationp. 185
Surface Preparation of Aluminum for Adhesive Bondingp. 186
The Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) Etchp. 186
Anodization Treatments for Adhesive Bonding of Aluminump. 190
Mechanism of Anodizationp. 191
Anodization Mediap. 191
Phosphoric Acid Anodization in the Aerospace Industryp. 193
General Techniques for the Surface Preparation of Metalsp. 194
Conversion Coatingsp. 194
Abrasionp. 195
Electrochemical Methods for Treating Metals other than Aluminump. 196
Summaryp. 197
Bibliographyp. 197
Referencesp. 197
Problems and Review Questionsp. 199
The Chemistry and Physical Properties of Structural Adhesivesp. 201
Introduction to Chapters 8-10p. 201
Introduction to Structural Adhesivesp. 201
Physical Forms of Uncured Structural Adhesivesp. 202
Chemistry of Base Resins Used in Structural Adhesivesp. 204
Phenolicsp. 204
Proteinsp. 206
Epoxy Resinsp. 207
Time-Temperature-Transformation Diagrams and the Cure of Epoxy Resinsp. 211
Urethane Resinsp. 213
Acrylicsp. 215
High Temperature Performance Structural Adhesivesp. 217
Formulation of Structural Adhesives for Optimum Performancep. 220
Formulation of Phenolic Resinsp. 221
Epoxy Resinsp. 223
Acrylicsp. 230
High Temperature Performance Structural Adhesivesp. 232
Summaryp. 234
Bibliographyp. 234
Referencesp. 234
Problems and Review Questionsp. 236
The Chemistry and Physical Properties of Elastomer-Based Adhesivesp. 238
Introductionp. 238
Pressure-Sensitive Adhesivesp. 238
Chemistry of the Base Resins Used in PSAsp. 239
Chemistry of Tackifiersp. 242
Natural Product Based Tackifiersp. 242
Petroleum-Based Tackifiersp. 243
Other Tackifiersp. 245
Testing of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesivesp. 246
Measurements of Tackp. 246
Measurement of Peelp. 248
Measurement of Shearp. 249
Balance of Propertiesp. 250
PSA Performance Viewed as a Time Scale in Viscoelastic Responsep. 251
PSA Viscoelasticity and Tackp. 251
PSA Peel and Viscoelasticityp. 255
Shear and Creep Behavior of PSAsp. 257
Summaryp. 259
Rubber-Based, Contact Bond and Other Elastomeric Adhesivesp. 259
Formulation of RBAsp. 260
Base Polymersp. 260
Tackifiersp. 262
Pigments and Fillersp. 262
Crossliking/Vulcanization of RBAsp. 263
Solventsp. 264
Elastomeric Adhesives, Sealants, and Realease Coatings Based upon Silicone Chemistryp. 265
Summaryp. 266
Bibliographyp. 268
Referencesp. 268
Problems and Review Questionsp. 268
Thermoplastic, Pseudothermoplastic, and Other Adhesivesp. 270
Introductionp. 270
Hot Melt Adhesivesp. 270
Introductionp. 270
Polymer Physical Properties and Hot Melt Adhesivesp. 271
Formulation of Hot Melt Adhesivesp. 273
Synthetically Designed Hot Melt Adhesivesp. 277
Curing Hot Meltsp. 280
Polyvinyl Acetate-Based Adhesivesp. 282
Polyvinyl Acetal Adhesivesp. 282
Thermoplastic or Pseudo-Thermoplastic Adhesives Based upon Natural Productsp. 283
Starchesp. 283
Cellulosicsp. 284
Summaryp. 285
Bibliographyp. 285
Referencesp. 285
The Basis for Adhesive Bond Designp. 286
Introductionp. 286
Chemistry and Mechanical Properties of Adhesivesp. 286
Application Criteriap. 289
Interfaces and Surface Preparationsp. 292
Miscellaneous Concernsp. 293
Basic Criteria for the Design of an Adhesive Bondp. 294
Hart-Smith Design Criteria for Double Lap Jointsp. 296
Summaryp. 299
Referencesp. 299
Problems and Review Questionsp. 300
Answer Keyp. 301
Indexp. 313
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