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Basic Hazardous Waste Management

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ISBN-10: 1566705339

ISBN-13: 9781566705332

Edition: 3rd 2001 (Revised)

Authors: William C. Blackman

List price: $180.00
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Book details

List price: $180.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 6/26/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 488
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

The Hazardous Waste Perspective
Dawning of the Problem
Early Hazardous Waste Management
"Take It Out Back and Dump It"
"Treatment" and Other Assorted Techniques
Numbers and Impacts
Early Efforts--What Worked/Didn't Work
International Aspects
Topics for Review or Discussion
Definition of Hazardous Waste
The Chemist
The Life Scientist/Health Professional
The Environmentalist
The Legislator/Lawyer/Administrator/Diplomat
Implementing the RCRA Definition of "Hazardous Waste"
Hazardous Waste Characteristics
Listed Hazardous Wastes
The "Mixture" and "Derived-From" Rules
Hazardous Waste Identification Rule Development
The "Contained-In Policy"
Topics for Review or Discussion
Pathways, Fates, and Disposition of Hazardous Waste Releases
Releases of Chemicals to the Environment
Releases to the Atmosphere
Releases to Surface Waters
Releases to Land
Movement, Fates, and Disposition
Behavior of Waste Constituents Released to the Atmosphere
Movement of Hazardous Waste Constituents in Surface Waters
Pathways of Hazardous Waste Constituents Reaching Groundwater
Chemical Transformations
Topics for Review or Discussion
Toxicology and the Standard-Setting Processes
Public Health Impacts
Toxicity Hazard
Toxic Actions
Risk Assessment and Standards
Other Hazards
Regulatory Application of Health Standards and Criteria
Technology-Based Standards
Risk-Based Standards
RCRA Standards
Standards Implementing the Land Disposal Restrictions
Topics for Review or Discussion
Hazardous Waste Sources/Generators
The Generator Defined
The Three Classifications of Generators
Wastes Generated
Regulatory Requirements
EPA ID Number
Pretransport Regulations
Accumulation of Waste
The Manifest
Biennial Reporting Requirements
Records Retention
Exports and Imports of Hazardous Wastes
Generator Responsibilities for Restricted Waste Management
Generator Requirements
Topics for Review or Discussion
Examples of Hazardous Wastes Produced by Basic Industries
DOT Eight-Step Procedure for Preparation of Hazardous Material Shipments
Transportation of Hazardous Wastes
Modes and Scope of Hazardous Waste Transportation
Highway Shipment of Hazardous Wastes
Railway Shipment of Hazardous Wastes
Accidents/Incidents Involving Hazardous Waste Shipments
Regulatory Structures
Department of Transportation Regulations
Transportation Incidents Involving Hazardous Wastes
RCRA Regulations for Hazardous Waste Transporters
EPA ID Number
The Manifest
Handling Hazardous Waste Discharges
Import/Export Activity
Topics for Review or Discussion
Treatment and Disposal Methods and Processes
Administrative and Nontechnical Requirements
Subpart A-- Facilities That Are Subject to the Regulations
Subpart B-- General Facility Standards
Subpart C-- Preparedness and Prevention
Subpart D-- Contingency Plan and Emergency Procedures
Subpart E-- Manifest System, Record Keeping, and Reporting
General Technical Standards for Interim Status and Permitted Facilities
Part 265, Subpart F--Groundwater Monitoring
Part 264, Subpart F--Releases from Solid Waste Management Units
Subpart G-- Closure, Post-Closure
Subpart H-- Financial Requirements
Hazardous Waste Treatment
Activated Carbon Adsorption
Stabilization and Solidification
Oxidation and Reduction
Biological Treatment
Subpart Q-- Chemical, Physical, and Biological Treatment
Destruction of Hazardous Wastes by Thermal Processes
Subpart O-- Hazardous Waste Incinerators
Subpart P-- Thermal Treatment of Hazardous waste
Accumulation and Storage of Hazardous Waste
Subpart I-- Containers
Subpart J-- Tanks
Subpart DD--Storage in Containment Buildings
Land Disposal of Hazardous Waste
Subpart N-- Landfills
Surface Impoundments
Subpart K-- Surface Impoundments
Waste Piles
Subpart L-- Waste Piles
Land Treatment
Subpart M-- Land Treatment
Underground Disposal
Subpart R-- Underground Injection
Other Treatment and Disposal Methods
Ocean Dumping
Ocean Incineration
Land Disposal Restrictions
Topics for Review or Discussion
MACT Emission Standards for Hazardous Waste Combustion Units
Pollution Prevention, Waste Minimization, Reuse, and Recycling
Hazardous Waste Minimization Techniques
Source Reduction
Product Changes
Source Control
Hazardous Waste Recycling
Use and Reuse
Multi-Conceptual Approaches
The RCRA Hazardous Waste Minimization Program
RCRA Regulation of Recycling
EPA Implementation of The Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) of 1990
Topics for Review or Discussion
State Agency P2 Linkages and Resources
P2 Information, Concepts, and Linkages
RCRA Permits, Compliance, and Enforcement
Permits to Treat, Store, or Dispose of Hazardous Waste
Facilities Permitted
The Permitting Process
The "Permit As a Shield"
Closure Plans and Post-Closure Permits
RCRA Permits As a "Virtual Elimination" Tool
The Corrective Action Process
Remediation Waste Management Units
Compliance Requirements of RCRA
Enforcement of RCRA Regulations
Informal Administrative Actions
Formal Administrative Orders
Civil Actions
Criminal Action
Topics for Review or Discussion
Assessment Techniques for Site Remediation
Identifying Problem Sites and Obtaining Background Information
Cultural History
Technical Information
Regulatory History
Background Report
Site Assessment Procedures in the Private Sector
Pre-Phase I
Phase I
Phase II
Standardized Environmental Site Assessments
Environmental Audits
Environmental Management Systems
Compliance Inspections/Investigations by Regulatory Agencies
The Inspection Plan
Conduct of the Inspection/Investigation
Site Evaluation
National Priorities List
Hazard Ranking System
Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study
Record of Decision
Negotiations, Enforcement
Topics for Review or Discussion
ASTM Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process (Appendix x2)
Site Remedial Technologies, Practices, and Regulations
Remedial Objectives
Programmatic Objectives
Technical Objectives
On-Site Remedial Techniques
Containment Methods
Extraction Methods
Treatment Methods
Destruction Methods
Off-Site Technologies and Practices
Mechanical and Hydraulic Dredging
RCRA and Superfund Remedial Actions
RCRA Corrective Actions
Superfund Remedial Actions
Superfund Accelerated Cleanup Model
Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative and Environmental Justice
Topics for Review or Discussion
Typical Plants Used in Various Phytoremediation Applications
Medical/Biomedical/Infectious Waste Management
Definition and Characterization of Medical Waste
Infectious Waste
Medical Waste
Infectious Waste Management
Designation of Infectious Waste
Segregation of Infectious Waste
Packaging of Infectious Waste
Storage of Infectious Waste
Transport of Infectious Waste
Treatment of Infectious Waste
Steam Sterilization
Chemical Disinfection
Emerging Treatment Technologies
Disposal of Treated Waste
Contingency Planning
Regulatory and Advisory Considerations
Staff Training
Topics for Review or Discussion
Bloodborne Pathogens Final Standard: Summary of Key Provisions
Radioactive Waste Management
The Nature, Effects, and Measurement of Radioactivity
Types of Radiation
Measurement of Radioactivity
Human Health Effects of Exposure to Radiation
Radiation Protection
Permissible Dose Concepts and Applications
The ALARA Concept
Pathways of Dispersion and Human Exposure
Physical Protection
Radiological Monitoring Programs
Regulatory Structures
Historical Development of Policies and Statutes
Statutory and Regulatory Framework
Department of Energy Management of Cleanup Programs
High-Level Radioactive Waste Management
HLW Defined and Described
HLW Treatment and Disposal
Transuranic Waste Management
TRU Defined and Described
TRU Disposal
Low-Level Waste Management
LLW Defined and Classified
Treatment and Disposal of LLW
Mixed Waste Management
Mixed Waste Defined and Described
Uranium Mine and Mill Tailings Management
Tailings Defined, Described, and Characterized
Treatment and Control
Topics for Review of Discussion
Commercial and Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Options
Underground Storage Tank Management
Leaking Underground Storage Tanks--Problems and Causes
Galvanic Corrosion
Faulty Installation
Piping Failures
Spills and Overfills
Compatibility of UST and Contents
Mobility of Leaked Hydrocarbon Fuels
Protection of Tanks and Piping from Corrosion
Protection by Sacrificial Anode
Protection by Impressed Current
Protection by Cladding or Dielectric Coating
Protection of Piping
Detection of Leaks from Underground Storage Tank Systems
Detection of Leaks in Pressurized Underground Piping
Detection of Leaks in Underground Suction Piping
RCRA Subtitle I Regulations and Requirements
Implementation Schedule
Requirements for New Petroleum UST Systems
Requirements for Existing UST Systems
Corrective Action Requirements
Financial Responsibility Requirements
The LUST Trust Fund
Closure of Underground Storage Tank Facilities
Permanent Closure
Exceptions to Permanent Closure
Temporary Closure
Compliance Summary
Compliance Status As of September 30, 1999
Topics for Review or Discussion
Hazardous Waste Worker Health and Safety
Hazards Encountered on Hazardous Waste Sites
Chemical Exposure
Explosion and Fire
Oxygen Deficiency
Ionizing Radiation
Biologic Hazards
Bloodborne Pathogens
Safety Hazards
Electrical Hazards
Heat Stress
Cold Exposure
Noise Hazard
Other Physical Hazards
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
The HAZWOPER Summarized
Standards Applicable to Clean-up Sites
Standards Applicable to Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Sites
Standards Applicable to Emergency Response Teams
Other Important Topics and Compliance Issues
Respirator Selection Criteria
Applicable Air Contaminant Standards
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
Chemical Hazard Communication
Workplace Violence
The OSHA Unified Agenda
OSHA Workplace Standards That May Apply to Hazardous Waste Sites