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Preface to the Second Edition | |

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Preface to the First Edition | |

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Some Preliminary Thoughts | |

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Hypersonic Flight-Some Historical Firsts | |

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Hypersonic Flow-Why Is It Important? | |

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Hypersonic Flow-What Is It? | |

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Fundamental Sources of Aerodynamic Force and Aerodynamic Heating | |

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Hypersonic Flight Paths: Velocity-Altitude Map | |

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Summary and Outlook | |

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Problems | |

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Inviscid Hypersonic Flow | |

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Hypersonic Shock and Expansion-Wave Relations | |

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Introduction | |

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Basic Hypersonic Shock Relations | |

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Hypersonic Shock Relations in Terms of the Hypersonic Similarity Parameter | |

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Hypersonic Expansion-Wave Relations | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problem | |

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Local Surface Inclination Methods | |

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Introduction | |

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Newtonian Flow | |

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Modified Newtonian Law | |

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Centrifugal Force Corrections to Newtonian Theory | |

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Newtonian Theory-What It Really Means | |

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Tangent-Wedge Tangent-Cone Methods | |

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Shock-Expansion Method | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Hypersonic Inviscid Flowfields: Approximate Methods | |

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Introduction | |

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Governing Equations | |

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Mach-Number Independence | |

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Hypersonic Small-Disturbance Equations | |

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Hypersonic Similarity | |

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Hypersonic Small-Disturbance Theory: Some Results | |

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Comment on Hypersonic Small-Disturbance Theory | |

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Hypersonic Equivalence Principle and Blast-Wave Theory | |

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Thin Shock-Layer Theory | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Hypersonic Inviscid Flowfields: Exact Methods | |

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General Thoughts | |

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Method of Characteristics | |

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Time-Marching Finite Difference Method: Application to the Hypersonic Blunt-Body Problem | |

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Correlations for Hypersonic Shock-Wave Shapes | |

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Shock-Shock Interactions | |

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Space-Marching Finite Difference Method: Additional Solutions of the Euler Equations | |

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Comments on the State of the Art | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 1 | |

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Problems | |

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Viscous Hypersonic Flow | |

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Viscous Flow: Basic Aspects, Boundary Layer Results, and Aerodynamic Heating | |

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Introduction | |

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Governing Equations for Viscous Flow: Navier-Stokes Equations | |

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Similarity Parameters and Boundary Conditions | |

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Boundary-Layer Equations for Hypersonic Flow | |

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Hypersonic Boundary-Layer Theory: Self-Similar Solutions | |

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Nonsimilar Hypersonic Boundary Layers | |

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Hypersonic Transition | |

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Hypersonic Turbulent Boundary Layer | |

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Reference Temperature Method | |

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Hypersonic Aerodynamic Heating: Some Comments and Approximate Results Applied to Hypersonic Vehicles | |

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Entropy-Layer Effects on Aerodynamic Heating | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 2 | |

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Problems | |

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Hypersonic Viscous Interactions | |

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Introduction | |

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Strong and Weak Viscous Interactions: Definition and Description | |

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Role of [Characters not reproducible] in Hypersonic Viscous Interaction | |

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Other Viscous Interaction Results | |

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Hypersonic Shock-Wave/Boundary-Layer Interactions | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 3 | |

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Problems | |

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Computational-Fluid-Dynamic Solutions of Hypersonic Viscous Flows | |

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Introduction | |

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Viscous Shock-Layer Technique | |

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Parabolized Navier-Stokes Solutions | |

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Full Navier-Stokes Solutions | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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High-Temperature Gas Dynamics | |

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High-Temperature Gas Dynamics: Some Introductory Considerations | |

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Importance of High-Temperature Flows | |

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Nature of High-Temperature Flows | |

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Chemical Effects in Air: The Velocity-Altitude Map | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Some Aspects of the Thermodynamics of Chemically Reacting Gases (Classical Physical Chemistry) | |

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Introduction: Definition of Real Gases and Perfect Gases | |

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Various Forms of the Perfect-Gas Equation of State | |

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Various Descriptions of the Composition of a Gas Mixture | |

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Classification of Gases | |

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First Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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Calculation of Entropy | |

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Gibbs Free Energy and the Entropy Produced by Chemical Nonequilibrium | |

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Composition of Equilibrium Chemically Reacting Mixtures: The Equilibrium Constant | |

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Heat of Reaction | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Elements of Statistical Thermodynamics | |

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Introduction | |

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Microscopic Description of Gases | |

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Counting the Number of Microstates for a Given Macrostate | |

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Most Probable Macrostate | |

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Limiting Case: Boltzmann Distribution | |

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Evaluation of Thermodynamic Properties in Terms of the Partition Function | |

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Evaluation of the Partition Function in Terms of T and V | |

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Practical Evaluation of Thermodynamic Properties for a Single Chemical Species | |

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Calculation of the Equilibrium Constant | |

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Chemical Equilibrium-Some Further Comments | |

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Calculation of the Equilibrium Composition for High-Temperature Air | |

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Thermodynamic Properties of an Equilibrium Chemically Reacting Gas | |

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Equilibrium Properties of High-Temperature Air | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Elements of Kinetic Theory | |

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Introduction | |

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Perfect-Gas Equation of State (Revisited) | |

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Collision Frequency and Mean Free Path | |

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Velocity and Speed Distribution Functions: Mean Velocities | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Chemical and Vibrational Nonequilibrium | |

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Introduction | |

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Vibrational Nonequilibrium: The Vibrational Rate Equation | |

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Chemical Nonequilibrium: The Chemical Rate Equation | |

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Chemical Nonequilibrium in High-Temperature Air | |

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Chemical Nonequilibrium in H[subscript 2]-Air Mixtures | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Iriviscid High-Temperature Equilibrium Flows | |

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Introduction | |

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Governing Equations for Inviscid High-Temperature Equilibrium Flow | |

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Equilibrium Normal and Oblique Shock-Wave Flows | |

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Equilibrium Quasi-One-Dimensional Nozzle Flows | |

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Frozen and Equilibrium Flows: The Distinction | |

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Equilibrium and Frozen Specific Heats | |

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Equilibrium Speed of Sound | |

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Equilibrium Conical Flow | |

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Equilibrium Blunt-Body Flows | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Hypersonic Waveriders-Part 4 | |

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Problems | |

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Inviscid High-Temperature Nonequilibrium Flows | |

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Introduction | |

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Governing Equations for Inviscid, Nonequilibrium Flows | |

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Nonequilibrium Normal and Oblique Shock-Wave Flows | |

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Nonequilibrium Quasi-One-Dimensional Nozzle Flows | |

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Nonequilibrium Blunt-Body Flows | |

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Binary Scaling | |

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Nonequilibrium Flow over Other Shapes: Nonequilibrium Method of Characteristics | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Kinetic Theory Revisited: Transport Properties in High-Temperature Gases | |

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Introduction | |

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Definition of Transport Phenomena | |

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Transport Coefficients | |

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Mechanism of Diffusion | |

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Energy Transport by Thermal Conduction and Diffusion: Total Thermal Conductivity | |

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Transport Properties for High-Temperature Air | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Viscous High-Temperature Flows | |

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Introduction | |

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Governing Equations for Chemically Reacting Viscous Flow | |

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Alternate Forms of the Energy Equation | |

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Boundary-Layer Equations for a Chemically Reacting Gas | |

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Boundary Conditions: Catalytic Walls | |

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Boundary-Layer Solutions: Stagnation-Point Heat Transfer for a Dissociating Gas | |

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Boundary-Layer Solutions: Nonsimilar Flows | |

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Viscous-Shock-Layer Solutions to Chemically Reacting Flow | |

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Parabolized Navier-Stokes Solutions to Chemically Reacting Flows | |

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Full Navier-Stokes Solutions to Chemically Reacting Flows | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Introduction to Radiative Gas Dynamics | |

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Introduction | |

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Definitions of Radiative Transfer in Gases | |

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Radiative-Transfer Equation | |

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Solutions of the Radiative-Transfer Equation: Transparent Gas | |

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Solutions of the Radiative-Transfer Equation: Absorbing Gas | |

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Solutions of the Radiative-Transfer Equation: Emitting and Absorbing Gas | |

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Radiating Flowfields: Sample Results | |

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Surface Radiative Cooling | |

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Summary and Comments | |

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Problems | |

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Postface | |

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References | |

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Index | |

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Supporting Materials | |