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Systems Analysis for Librarians and Information Professionals

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ISBN-10: 156308693X

ISBN-13: 9781563086939

Edition: 2nd 2000 (Revised)

Authors: Larry N. Osborne, Margaret Nakamura

List price: $55.00
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Description:

Rational and methodical, systems analysis has been used successfully by business, industry, and research organizations. This new edition employs basic elements from the business world to show users how to apply systems analysis effectively to any library setting. Updating Osborne and Nakamura's previous work, the book fills a tremendous need in the field. It introduces readers to the steps in the process-from identifying and defining problems and collecting and analyzing data to selecting strategies for implementation and proof of the systems. The limitations of systems analysis, an overview of the rationale for applying it to problem situations, and many real-life examples illustrate the principles. A new chapter on object-oriented techniques, additional idea-generating techniques, and the inclusion of case studies invites readers to put these principles into practice. Practical and easy-to-read, this work will benefit students of information studies as well as professionals in the field, particul
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Book details

List price: $55.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, LLC
Publication date: 3/15/2000
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 261
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990
Language: English

Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Understanding Systems Analysis
The Purpose of Systems Analysis
What Is a System?
What Is Analysis?
Reasons for Analyzing a System
Qualifications of the Systems Analyst
Librarians As Systems Analysts
Problems in Systems Analysis
System Life Cycle
Relationship Between Systems Analysis and Computers
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
The Historical Development of Systems Analysis
Introduction
Pioneers in Systems Analysis
Steps in Modern Systems Analysis
Caveat
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
The Human Element
Introduction
Organizational Commitment
Management Level
Lower Administrative Levels
Ethics of Systems Analysis
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Identifying and Defining Problems
Introduction
Identifying Problems
Sources of Problems
Taxonomy of Problems
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Collecting Data
Introduction
Conducting Interviews
Types of Interviews
Criteria for Evaluating Interview Questions
Preparing for an Interview
Administering Questionnaires
Designing Questionnaires
Action Logs
Conducting Observations
Using Existing Documentation
Evaluation of the Usefulness of the Data Collection
Practice in Selecting Data Collection Methods
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Analyzing and Displaying Data in Flowcharts
Standardization of Communication
Recording Data in Flowcharts
Creating a Flowchart
Flowchart Symbols
Flowchart Conventions
Types of Flowcharts
Illustrative Examples
Practice in Drawing Flowcharts
Analysis of Data
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Designing Data Flow Diagrams
Introduction
Data Flow Diagram Conventions
Uses of Symbols
Levels of Data Flow Diagrams
Designing a Data Flow Diagram
Typical Problems
Criteria for Evaluating a Data Flow Diagram
Practice in Drawing DFDs
Data Dictionaries
Sample Data Dictionary Templates
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Using Other Array Methods
Introduction
Structured English
Decision Tables
Decision Trees
Practice in Constructing Decision Tables
Selecting a Technique
Other Tools
Nassi-Schneiderman Charts
Warnier-Orr Diagrams
Structure Charts
Entity Relationship Diagrams
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Object-Oriented Techniques
The Object Orientation "Revolution"
The Object-Oriented Paradigm
Object-Oriented Analysis and Design
Steps in the Object-Oriented Analysis Method
Prototyping
Diagramming Tools
Unified Modeling Language
The Utility of the OOP
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Designing the System
Introduction
Creation of Functional Specifications
Determination of Alternatives
Conceptual Design
Inputs
Outputs
Processes
Files
System Integration
Physical Aspects and Resources
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Presenting the System
Introduction
Principles of Formal Communication
The Oral Presentation
Public Speaking
Written Reports
Documentation
Propaganda
Summary
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
Selecting the System
Introduction
Existing Versus Custom Designed Systems
Package Systems Versus Component Systems
Pursuit of Perfection
System Selection
Determining Costs and Benefits
Costs of Selection
Costs of Money
Nonquantifiable Costs and Benefits
Designing Specifications
Requests for Proposals
Contracts
Exercise in Evaluation and Selection
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Managing a Project
Introduction
Performance Specifications
Time
Budget
Overruns
Steps in Project Management
Statement of Work
The Implementation Plan
The Implementation Process
Completion of the Project
Tools for Project Control
Drawing CPM Charts
Estimating Time for Activities
Other Benefits of Network Diagrams
Exercise in Project Management
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
References
Proving the System
Introduction
Pre-Release Tests
Ad Hoc Testing
Functional Testing
Structure Testing
Other Techniques
Implementation Tests
Reliability
Functionality
Capacity
Incorporation of Tests
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
Strategies for Implementation
Introduction
Site Preparation
Physical Layout
Power
Communications
Lighting
Climate Control
Noise Control
Security
Disaster Planning
Bringing Up a New System
First-Time Automation Efforts
Subsequent System Implementations
Retrospective Conversion
Bibliographic Records
Authority Records
Holdings Records
Migration Conversion
System Maintenance
Vendor Relations
Conclusion
Case Study--Fort Memorial Library
Discussion Questions
NQA Overthruster Project
Responses to Brief Case Studies
Java Program to Determine Sample Size
Index