Basic Ophthalmology for Medical Students and Primary Care Residents

ISBN-10: 1560553618

ISBN-13: 9781560553618

Edition: 8th 2004

Authors: Cynthia A. Bradford

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Book details

Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: American Academy of Ophthalmology
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 236
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Figuresp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Who's Who in Eye Carep. xiii
Test Your Knowledgep. xiv
The Eye Examinationp. 1
Objectivesp. 1
Relevancep. 1
Basic Informationp. 2
The Patient's Historyp. 2
Anatomyp. 3
Anatomic Aging Changesp. 6
Opticsp. 8
Visual Acuityp. 8
When To Examinep. 9
Additional Testsp. 9
How to Examinep. 9
Distance Visual Acuity Testingp. 10
Near Visual Acuity Testingp. 12
Visual Acuity Estimation in an Uncooperative Patientp. 12
Confrontation Field Testingp. 13
Amsler Grid Testingp. 14
External Inspectionp. 14
Upper Lid Eversionp. 15
Ocular Motility Testingp. 15
Pupillary Reaction Testingp. 15
Anterior Chamber Depth Assessmentp. 16
Intraocular Pressure Measurementp. 17
Color Vision Testingp. 19
Fluorescein Staining of Corneap. 19
Ophthalmoscopyp. 19
Summary of Steps in Eye Examinationp. 24
Management or Referralp. 25
Reduced Visual Acuityp. 25
Abnormal Fundus Appearancep. 25
Shallow Anterior Chamber Depth/Elevated Intraocular Pressurep. 26
Points to Rememberp. 26
Sample Problemsp. 26
Annotated Resourcesp. 28
Acute Visual Lossp. 31
Objectivesp. 31
Relevancep. 31
Basic Informationp. 31
How to Examinep. 32
Visual Acuity Testingp. 32
Confrontation Field Testingp. 32
Pupillary Reactionsp. 32
Ophthalmoscopyp. 32
Penlight Examinationp. 33
Tonometryp. 33
How to Interpret the Findingsp. 33
Media Opacitiesp. 33
Corneal Edemap. 33
Hyphemap. 33
Cataractp. 34
Vitreous Hemorrhagep. 34
Retinal Diseasep. 35
Optic Nerve Diseasep. 39
Visual Pathway Disordersp. 42
Functional Disordersp. 43
Acute Discovery of Chronic Visual Lossp. 43
Points to Rememberp. 43
Sample Problemsp. 44
Annotated Resourcesp. 46
Chronic Visual Lossp. 49
Objectivesp. 49
Chronic Visual Loss in the Geriatric Populationp. 49
Glaucomap. 50
Relevancep. 50
Basic Informationp. 52
Intraocular Pressurep. 52
Types of Glaucomap. 53
Optic Nervep. 53
Relationship of Iop and Optic Nervep. 54
When to Examinep. 54
How to Examinep. 54
How to Interpret the Findingsp. 55
Management or Referralp. 57
Cataractp. 57
Relevancep. 57
Basic Informationp. 58
Lensp. 59
Cataractp. 59
Symptoms of Cataractp. 59
When to Examinep. 60
How to Examinep. 61
How to Interpret the Findingsp. 62
Management or Referralp. 62
Macular Degenerationp. 63
Relevancep. 63
Basic Informationp. 63
Macular Anatomyp. 63
Age-Related Macular Changesp. 64
When to Examinep. 67
How to Examinep. 67
How to Interpret the Findingsp. 68
Management or Referralp. 68
The Visually Impaired Patientp. 69
Points to Rememberp. 70
Sample Problemsp. 71
Annotated Resourcesp. 72
The Red Eyep. 75
Objectivesp. 75
Relevancep. 75
Basic Informationp. 75
Disorders Associated with a Red Eyep. 76
Historyp. 79
How to Examinep. 80
How to Interpret the Findingsp. 82
Symptoms of Red Eyep. 83
Signs of Red Eyep. 85
Associated Systemic Problemsp. 87
Laboratory Diagnosisp. 87
Management or Referralp. 88
Blepharitisp. 88
Stye and Chalazionp. 90
Subconjunctival Hemorrhagep. 91
Conjunctivitisp. 91
Therapeutic Warningsp. 92
Topical Anestheticsp. 92
Topical Corticosteroidsp. 92
Points to Rememberp. 92
Sample Problemsp. 93
Annotated Resourcesp. 97
Ocular and Orbital Injuriesp. 99
Objectivesp. 99
Relevancep. 99
Basic Informationp. 100
Anatomy and Functionp. 100
When to Examinep. 103
How to Examinep. 103
Historyp. 104
Visual Acuity Testingp. 104
External Examinationp. 105
Pupillary Reactionsp. 107
Ocular Motility Testingp. 107
Ophthalmoscopyp. 107
Radiologic Studiesp. 107
Management or Referralp. 108
True Emergencyp. 108
Urgent Situationp. 108
Semiurgent Conditionp. 110
Treatment Skillsp. 111
Ocular Irrigationp. 111
Foreign-Body Removalp. 112
Prescribing Eye Medicationp. 112
Patchingp. 112
Suturingp. 113
Points to Rememberp. 113
Sample Problemsp. 114
Annotated Resourcesp. 118
Amblyopia and Strabismusp. 121
Objectivesp. 121
Relevancep. 121
Basic Informationp. 122
Amblyopiap. 122
Strabismusp. 124
How to Examine and Interpret the Findingsp. 126
Amblyopia Testingp. 127
Strabismus Testingp. 129
Other Testsp. 133
Management or Referralp. 134
Amblyopiap. 134
Strabismusp. 135
Points to Rememberp. 136
Sample Problemsp. 136
Annotated Resourcesp. 140
Neuro-Ophthalmologyp. 141
Objectivesp. 141
Relevancep. 141
How to Examinep. 142
Visual Acuity Testingp. 142
Visual Field Testingp. 142
Pupillary Reactionsp. 143
Ocular Motility Testingp. 144
Ophthalmoscopyp. 145
How to Interpret the Findingsp. 146
Pupillary Disordersp. 146
Other Cranial Nerve Palsiesp. 150
Optic Nerve Diseasep. 153
Visual Field Defectsp. 156
Visual Hallucinationsp. 157
Cognitive Visual Loss: The Visual Variant of Alzheimer's Diseasep. 159
Points to Rememberp. 159
Sample Problemsp. 160
Annotated Resourcesp. 164
Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Diseasep. 165
Objectivesp. 165
Relevancep. 165
Diabetes Mellitusp. 166
Hypertensionp. 170
Arteriolar Sclerosisp. 170
Elevated Blood Pressurep. 172
Diagnostic Concernsp. 172
Managementp. 172
Pregnancyp. 173
Sickle Cell Anemiap. 174
Thyroid Diseasep. 174
Sarcoidosis and Other Inflammatory and Autoimmune Conditionsp. 175
Malignancyp. 176
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromep. 177
Syphilisp. 179
Other Systemic Infectionsp. 179
Points to Rememberp. 180
Sample Problemsp. 181
Annotated Resourcesp. 182
Drugs and the Eyep. 185
Objectivesp. 185
Relevancep. 185
Basic Informationp. 187
Topical Ocular Diagnostic Drugsp. 188
Fluorescein Dyep. 188
Anestheticsp. 188
Mydriaticsp. 189
Topical Ocular Therapeutic Drugsp. 190
Decongestantsp. 190
Agents for Relief of Allergic Conjunctivitisp. 191
Anti-Inflammatory Agentsp. 191
Agents for the Relief of Dry Eye Symptomsp. 191
Antibioticsp. 191
Antiviral Agentsp. 192
Systemic Side Effects of Glaucoma Medicationsp. 192
Beta-Adrenergic Blockersp. 192
Cholinergic-Stimulating Drugsp. 193
Alpha-2 Adrenoreceptor Agonistsp. 194
Adrenergic-Stimulating Drugsp. 194
Prostaglandin Analoguesp. 195
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitorsp. 195
Ocular Side Effects of Systemic Drugsp. 195
Amiodaronep. 195
Biphosphonatesp. 196
Chloroquinesp. 196
Chlorpromazinep. 197
Corticosteroidsp. 197
Digitalisp. 197
Diphenylhydantoinp. 197
Ethambutolp. 197
Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)p. 198
Rifabutin (Mycobutin)p. 198
Sildenafil (Viagra) and Tadalifil (Cialis)p. 198
Thioridazinep. 198
Topiramate (Topimax)p. 198
Points to Rememberp. 199
Sample Problemsp. 199
Annotated Resourcesp. 202
Indexp. 203
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.
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