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Culture in Special Education Building Reciprocal Family-Professional Relationships

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ISBN-10: 1557663769

ISBN-13: 9781557663764

Edition: 1999

Authors: Maya Kalyanpur, Beth Harry

List price: $34.95
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Book details

List price: $34.95
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company Incorporated
Publication date: 6/1/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 192
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.594
Language: English

About the Authors
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgments
Cultural Underpinnings of Special Education
Cultural Identity and the Acculturation Process
Special Education as a Cultural Institution
Focus of This Book
Becoming a Member: The Importance of Embedded Beliefs
Toward a Posture of Cultural Reciprocity
Legal and Epistemological Underpinnings of the Construction of Disability
Social Construction of Disability
Cultural Underpinnings of Special Education Law
IDEA as a Cultural Statement
Individualism in IDEA
Choice in IDEA
Equity in IDEA
Contrasting Cultural Traditions
Alternative Concepts of Self
Differing Perceptions of Immutable Characteristics
Principle of Value Inequality
Cultural Underpinnings of Special Education Epistemology
Clinical Perspective
Disability Is a Physical Phenomenon
Disability Is an Individual Phenomenon
Disability Is a Chronic Illness
Disability Requires Remediation or "Fixing"
Contrasting Traditions in Defining Disability
Disability Is a Spiritual Phenomenon
Disability Is a Group Phenomenon
Disability Is a Time-Limited Phenomenon
Disability Must Be Accepted
The Role of Professional Expertise and Language in the Treatment of Disability
The Charge for Expert Diagnosis and Treatment
Expert Knowledge as Categorical and Objective Knowledge
The Language of Objectivity
The Value-Neutral or Euphemizing Process
The Abstracting Process
The Medicalizing Process
The Training of Experts
Ensuring Accountability
The Conflict of Egalitarianism and Expertism
Egalitarianism and American Professionals
The Professional as a Parent
Scientific Knowledge versus Everyday Knowledge
Equity versus Hierarchy in the Structuring of Parent-Professional Communication
The Mandate of the Law Regarding Parental Participation
Implementation of the Mandate
The Reality of the IEP Meeting
The Order of Speakers and the Types of Reporting in IEP Meetings
Professionals' Perspectives on Parenting Styles
Assumptions about "Parenting Skills"
Assumption of Universal Applicability
Assumption of Right versus Wrong Practice
Negative Effects of the Assumptions of Universality and Deficiency on Parent-Professional Interaction
Culture and Parental Ethnotheories
The Impact of Family Values, Structures, and Interactions on Parental Ethnotheories
Family Values: Equality versus Hierarchy
Family Structures: Extended versus Nuclear
Family Interactions: Enmeshment versus Disengagement
Group Status and Community Identity
Parenting and Disciplinary Practices
Authoritarian versus Democratic Parenting Practices
Religious Influences
Sociological Influences
Epistemological Influences
Cultural Parameters of Child Abuse versus
Acceptable Discipline
Spanking
Healing and Medical Practices
Parenting Styles and the Child Welfare System
Goal Setting for Students: Parents' versus
Professionals' Expectations
Independence
Differences in the Meaning of Independence
Differences in the Milestones Toward Independence
Independence in Adulthood
Individuality
The Child as an Individual with Rights to Maximize His or Her Potential
The Ideal of Personal Choice
Work
Personal Value Judged by Economic Productivity
Definitions of Meaningful Work
The Posture of Cultural Reciprocity
The Need for a Posture of Cultural Reciprocity
Four Steps of the Posture of Cultural Reciprocity
Key Features of the Posture of Cultural Reciprocity
Goes Beyond Awareness of Differences to Self-Awareness
Aims for Subtle Levels of Awareness of Differences
Has Universal Applicability
Avoids Stereotyping
Ensures that Both Parents and Professionals Are Empowered
Applications of the Posture of Cultural Reciprocity
Kou: "A Sign of Grace"
Rani: "She's Becoming Rebellious"
Annie: "The Good Mother"
Nancy: "Their Culture Isn't Helping Them"
References
Index