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Simulation of Ecological and Environmental Models

ISBN-10: 1439885060

ISBN-13: 9781439885062

Edition: 2012

Authors: Miguel F. Acevedo

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Description:

This practical guide to modeling methodology includes how to implement simulations and analyze simulation results using an open-source software platform. The book brings together principles of modeling methods with theoretical foundations of a variety of ecological and environmental models. Theory is accompanied by practical hands-on computer exercises, in a sequence from easy to difficult. The text also presents a full review of mathematical methods, which makes the book self-contained, and includes practical exercises using free software in a tutorial style.
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Book details

Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 9/28/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 486
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

Introduction, Mathematical Review, and Software Fundamentals
Introduction
Modeling and Simulation
Process-Based Dynamic Models
Applications of Environmental Modeling
Modeling Methodology
Book Organization
Simulation Platforms
Computer Session
Supplementary Reading
Review of Basic Mathematical Concepts and Introduction to R
Variables
Functions
Derivatives and Optimization
Integrals and Area
Ordinary Differential Equations
Functions of Several Variables
Random Variables and Distributions
Random Variables and Moments
Some Important Random Variables
Covariance and Correlation
Computer Session
One-Dimensional Models and Fundamentals of Modeling Methodology
Exponential Model
Fundamentals
Units
Population Dynamics
Chemical Fate
Model Terms
Review of Simple Linear Regression
Model Calibration: Parameter Estimation
Nonlinear Regression
Computer Session
Model Simulation
Concepts of Computer Simulation Based on Ordinary Differential Equations
Euler Method
Fourth-Order Runge-Kutta Method
Random Number Generation
Stochastic Simulation
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Model Evaluation
Testing the Numerical Method and the Code
Graphical Evaluation
Testing the Model
Testing the Parameter Values: Sensitivity Analysis
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Nonlinear Models
Populations: Logistic Growth
Fate of Chemicals: Michaelis-Menten-Monod
Monod Kinetics
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Stability and Disturbances
Stability
Disturbances
Variability and Stress
Sudden and Impulsive Disturbances
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Sensitivity Analysis, Response Surfaces, and Scenarios
Multiparameter Sensitivity Analysis
Response Surface and Scenarios
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Multidimensional Models: Structured Populations, Communities, and Ecosystems
Linear Dynamical Systems
Matrices
Dimensions of a Matrix
Vectors
Square Matrices
Matrix Operations
Solving Systems of Linear Algebraic Equations
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
Linear Dynamical Systems: Constant Coefficients
Computer Session: Matrix Algebra
Structured Population Models
Types of Structure
Methods of Model Structure
Projection Matrices
Extensions
Continuous Time Stage Structured Model
Delay-Differential Equations
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Ecotoxicological Modeling
Bioavailability
Bioaccumulation
Effects: Lethal and Sublethal
Including Food Pathways
Compartment Models
Bioaccumulation: Two-Compartment Model
Bioaccumulation: Multicompartment
Bioaccumulation: Varying Exposure
Population Effects
Risk Assessment
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Community Dynamics
Two-State System Concepts
Two Species: Simple Interactions
Cycles in Two-Species Consumer-Resource Interactions
Two Species: Disturbances
Two Species: Structured Populations
More Than Two Species, But Not Too Many
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Ecosystems: Nutrients and Energy
Nutrient Cycles
Closed Cycles
Open Cycles
Nutrient Cycle Examples
Nutrient Cycle Example: Aquatic Ecosystems
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Primary Productivity
Secondary and Tertiary Productivity
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Aquatic Ecosystems
Environmental Drivers
Solar Radiation
Light as a Function of Depth
Dissolved Oxygen and Primary Productivity
River Eutrophication
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Terrestrial Ecosystems: Soils, Plants, and Water
Weather Generators
Evapotranspiration
Soil Water Dynamics
Soil Water Balance
Infiltration and Runoff
Computer Session
Seem Functions Explained
Terrestrial Ecosystems: Vegetation Dynamics
Individual-Based Approach
Growth Equation
Allometric Relationships
Diameter Ordinary Differential Equation
Environmental Conditions
Estimation of Gmax
Sunlight
Soil Moisture
Temperature
Nutrients
Tree Population Demography
Model Responses
Deterministic and Lumped Model
Markovian Models
Computer Session Seem Functions Explained
Bibliography
Index