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Physical Principles of Wireless Communications

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ISBN-10: 1439878978

ISBN-13: 9781439878972

Edition: 2nd 2012 (Revised)

Authors: Victor L. Granatstein

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Description:

The second edition of this popular text describes the salient features of modern wireless communication systems integrated with rigorous analyses of the devices and physical mechanisms that constitute the physical layers of these systems. After a review of Maxwell's equations, it explains the operation of antennas and antenna arrays in sufficient detail to allow for design calculations. The text explores the propagation of electromagnetic waves leading to useful descriptions of mean path loss through the streets of a city or inside an office building. It also covers the principles of probability theory as well as the physics of Geostationary Earth Orbiting satellites and Low Earth Orbiting satellites.
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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 4/26/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 311
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

An Introduction to Modern Wireless Communications
A Brief History of Wireless Communications
Faraday, Maxwell, and Hertz: The Discovery of Electromagnetic Waves
Guglielmo Marconi, Inventor of Wireless Communications
Developments in the Vacuum Electronics Era (1906 to 1947)
The Modern Era in Wireless Communications (1947 to the Present)
Basic Concepts
Information Capacity of a Communication Channel
Antenna Fundamentals
The Basic Layout of a Wireless Communications System
Decibels and Link Budgets
Characteristics of Some Modern Communication Systems
Mobile Communications (Frequency Division Multiple Access, FDMA, and Trunking)
Analog Cell Phone Systems
Digital Cell Phone Systems (Time Division Multiple Access, TDMA, and Code Division Multiple Access, CDMA)
Overview of Past, Present, and Future Cell Phone Systems
Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) of Computers
SATCOM Systems
The Plan of This Book
Problems
Bibliography
Noise in Wireless Communications
Fundamental Noise Concepts
Radiation Resistance and Antenna Efficiency
Nyquist Noise Theorem, Antenna Temperature, and Receiver Noise
Equivalent Circuit of Antenna and Receiver for Calculating Noise
Contributions to Antenna Temperature
Thermal Sources of Noise and Blackbody Radiation
Cosmic Noise
Atmospheric Noise
Big Bang Noise (Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation)
Noise Attenuation
Noise in Specific Systems
Noise in Pagers
Noise in Cell Phones
Noise in Millimeter-Wave SATCOM
Problems
Bibliography
Antennas
Brief Review of Electromagnetism
Maxwell's Equations and Boundary Conditions
Vector Potential, and the Inhomogeneous Helmholtz Equation
Radiation from a Hertzian Dipole
Solution of the Inhomogeneous Helmholtz Equation in the Vector Potential A
Near Fields and Far Fields of a Hertzian Dipole
Basic Antenna Parameters
Directive Gain, D(f,q); Directivity, D; and Gain, G
Radiation Resistance of a Hertzian Dipole Antenna
Electrically Short Dipole Antenna (Length << )
Small Loop Antennas
Receiving Antennas, Polarization, and Aperture Antennas
Universal Relationship between Gain and Effective Area
Friis Transmission Formula
Polarization Mismatch
A Brief Treatment of Aperture Antennas
Thin-Wire Dipole Antennas
General Analysis of Thin-Wire Dipole Antennas
The Half-Wave Dipole
Problems
Bibliography
Antenna Arrays
Omnidirectional Radiation Pattern in the Horizontal Plane with Vertical Focusing
Arrays of Half-Wave Dipoles
Colinear Arrays
Colinear arrays with Equal Incremental Phase Advance
Elevation Control with a Phased Colinear Antenna Array
Antennas Displaced in the Horizontal Plane
Radiation Pattern of Two Horizontally Displaced Dipoles
Broadside Arrays
Endfire Arrays
Smart Antenna Arrays
Image Antennas
The Principle of Images
Quarter-Wave Monopole above a Conducting Plane
Antennas for Handheld Cell Phones
Half-Wave Dipoles and Reflectors
Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antennas
The TM10 Microstrip Patch Cavity
Duality in Maxwell's Equations and Radiation from a Slot
Radiation from the Edges of a Microstrip Cavity
Array of Microstrip Patch Antennas
Problems
Bibliography
Radio Frequency (RF) Wave Propagation
Some Simple Models of Path Loss in Radio Frequency (RF) Wave Propagation
Free Space Propagation
Laws of Reflection and Refraction at a Planar Boundary
Effect of Surface Roughness
Plane Earth Propagation Model
Diffraction over Single and Multiple Obstructions
Diffraction by a Single Knife Edge
Deygout Method of Approximately Treating Multiple Diffracting Edges
The Causebrook Correction to the Deygout Method
Wave Propagation in an Urban Environment
The Delisle/Egli Empirical Expression for Path Loss
The Flat-Edge Model for Path Loss from the Base Station to the Final Street
Ikegami Model of Excess Path Loss in the Final Street
The Walfisch-Bertoni Analysis of the Parametric Dependence of Path Loss
Problems
Bibliography
Statistical Considerations In Designing Cell Phone Systems and Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs)
A Brief Review of Statistical Analysis
Random Variables
Random Processes
Shadowing
The Log-Normal Probability Distribution Function
The Complementary Cumulative Normal Distribution Function (Q Function)
Calculating Margin and Probability of Call Completion
Probability of Call Completion Averaged over a Cell
Additional Signal Loss from Propagating into Buildings
Shadowing Autocorrelation (Serial Correlation)
Shadowing Cross-Correlation
Slow and Fast Fading
Slow Fading
Rayleigh Fading
Margin to Allow for Both Shadowing and Rayleigh Fading
Bit Error Rates in Digital Communications
Ricean Fading
Doppler Broadening
Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs)
Propagation Losses Inside Buildings
Standards for WLANs
Sharing WLAN Resources
Problem
Bibliography
Tropospheric and Ionospheric Effects in Long-Range Communications
Extending the Range Using Tropospheric Refraction
Limit on Line-of-Sight Communications
Bouger's Law for Refraction by Tropospheric Layers
Increase in Range Due to Tropospheric Refraction
Long-Range Communications by Ionospheric Reflection
The Ionospheric Plasma
Radio Frequency (RF) Wave Interaction with Plasma
Sample Calculations of Maximum Usable Frequency and Maximum Range in a Communications System Based on Ionospheric Reflection
Propagation through the Ionosphere
Time Delay of a Wave Passing through the Ionosphere
Dispersion of a Wave Passing through the Ionosphere
Faraday Rotation of the Direction of Polarization in the Ionosphere
Problems
Bibliography
Satellite Communications (SATCOM)
Satellite Fundamentals
Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO)
Example of a GEO SATCOM System
SATCOM Signal Attenuation
Attenuation Due to Atmospheric Gases
Attenuation Due to Rain
The Rain Rate Used in SATCOM System Design
Design of GEO SATCOM Systems
Noise Calculations for SATCOM
Design of GEO SATCOM System for Wideband Transmission
Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) Satellites
Global Positioning System (GPS)
General Relativity, Special Relativity, and the Synchronization of Clocks
Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Communication Satellites
The Iridium LEO SATCOM System
Path Loss in LEO SATCOM
Doppler Shift in LEO SATCOM
Problem
Bibliography
Nomenclature
English Alphabet
Greek Alphabet
Index