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Text extracted from opening pages of book: ZIAUDDIN, Lecturer in Persian, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan With a Foreword by SUNITT KUMAR CHATTER. TI. M. A., D. Litt. ( Lond.) VISVA-BHARATI BOOK-SHOP 210, CORNWALLIS STREET, CALCUTTA TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE FOREWORD . . . . . . . . vii-xi INTUODUCTION .. .. .. .. 1-3H SCHEME FOR TRANSLITERATION .. .. .. 11-12 CONTENTS or THE TUHFATV-L-HLNU .. .. 13-33 ON THE GRAMMATICAL LAWS OF THE BRAJ BHAKHA . . .' M-4J* T KSIAN TEXT . . . . . . . . 51-91 LIST OF PLATES Page Plate I Facsimile of the fol. 1 b. ( A) 2 Plate II Do 5 b. ( A) 11 Plate III Do 17 a. ( A) 14 Plate VI Do 371 b. ( A) 33 FOREWORD The present work is an interesting specimen of Indo-Moslem… literature which is important from various points of view. It is, to start with, the product of a new type of humanism which arose among Indian Musalmans in the 16th and 17th centuries, the attempt of Akbar the Great to bring about a synthesis of the old culture of India with that ( mainly Persian) brought in by the early Muham madan invaders of India supplying the immediate impetus and in spiration. When the young and virile Arab race destroyed the effete Byzantine rule in Western Asia and the Sasanian empire in Persia and established an Arab empire at Damascus and subsequently at Baghdad, the culture of the Hellenistic world united with the monotheism and practices of Islam and became a great civilizing force in the Near East, a great conservator of ancient learning and science as well as an adventurer in the quest of knowledge. A veritable renaissance of science and learning, comparable only to the European Renaissance of the 15th and 16th centuries, was inaugurated by Islam at Baghdad andelsewhere, which continued for some centuries from the 8th century onwards. Investigation started in the world of both Nature and Man. Arab explorers and geographers extended the bounds of civilized enterprise and trade. Arabic - using scholars sought to find out all that was worth preserving for the good of humanity, and philosophers and others busied themselves with human experience and human conduct, with the sciences and with philosophy. As an epitome of the scope of this early period of intellectual renaissance under the banner of Islam may be mentioned the encyclopaedic Fihrist of Muhammad Ibn al-Nadim al-Baghdadi ( died 995 A. D.). A younger contemporary of this scholar was the illustrious Abu Rayhan al-Biruni of Khwarizm ( Khiva) ( 973-1048), whose Al-Tahqlq al-Hind is the first scientific treatise on the culture of the Hindus based on first-hand information and research, which after the slumber of a long number of centuries rekindled the torch of scientific curiosity about remote and civilized peoples which was first lighted by the Greeks ( and also by the Chinese independently of the Greeks), as a result of which the world has been enriched by works like the History of Herodotos. Al-Blrum's work on India is a mine of precious in formation, assiduously gathered by reference to original sources and sympathetically presented, on the civilization and thought of the Hindus in the 10th and llth centuries A. D., and is in the direct line of the lost Indika of Megasthenes, forming a chronological link between the Greeks and recent Western investigators on the subject. The Turk came to India as a conqueror and an image-breaker, filled with zeal of the knights of God who were fightingHis battles against the infidel. He compromised with his Hindu subjects when he found he was to stay and rule he made a gesture of advance in thin compromise by continuing for a time the Hindu designs on his coins, even when these were iconic, and by translating into the Hindus' language the wort Is of his Arabic creed as Aw/ aktaw ekam, Mukammada avatdra which he stamped in Indian letters on some of his coins. But he would not care for the civilization or thought of his Hindu subjects, for which he line I generally a devout monotheistic IVluhammadan's contempt, and on oc