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Introduction to Political Ideologies

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ISBN-10: 1405824395

ISBN-13: 9781405824392

Edition: 2006

Authors: John Hoffman, Paul Graham

List price: $57.33
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Description:

This book shows students why an understanding of theory is crucial to an understanding of political issues. It highlights how 'traditional' ideologies, such as liberalism and socialism have been challenged, yet some of their ideas have been incorporated into several ideologies.
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Book details

List price: $57.33
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Publication date: 4/13/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 312
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

Guide to Features
Guided Tour
Publisher's Acknowledgements
Authors' Acknowledgements
About the Authors
Introduction
Theory as Abstraction
The Distinction between Facts and Values
The Problem with the Contestability Thesis
Structure of the Book
Questions
References
Classical Ideologies
Origins and Development of the Term
Isms as Ideologies
Mannheim's Paradox: Are We Stuck?
Facts, Values and the State
References
Liberalism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Prostitution Laws in Sweden
The Meaning of Liberalism
Liberalism as Toleration
The Reformation and Wars of Religion
Toleration
Contractarianism
Rights-based Liberalism
Locke
Kant
Utilitarianism
Conclusion: the Swedish Case Study
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Conservatism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Reform or Revolution?
Conservatism: an Elusive Ideology?
Basic Elements of Conservatism
David Hume
Edmund Burke
Michael Oakeshott
Leo Strauss and American Neo-conservatism
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Socialism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Tanks in the Streets of Prague
The Problem of Variety
Defining Socialism
The Problem of Utopia
Science and the 'Utopian Socialists'
Introducing Marxism
The Authoritarian Consequences of 'Scientific Socialism'
The Inevitability Argument
The Concept of Class War and the Problem of Morality
The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism
Eduard Bernstein and the German Socialists
Bernstein, Revisionism and the British Tradition
Bernstein's Argument
The British Labour Party and the Fabians
The Labour Party, Constitutionalism and the Trade Unions
Blair's Socialism
International Social Democrats
Can Marxism be Rescued?
The Notion of Revolution
The Inevitability Problem and the Liberal Tradition
The Question of Class and Agency
Socialism and Inevitability
The Problem of Utopianism
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Anarchism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Death in Genoa
The Relationship with Socialism
Philosophical Anarchists
Free Market Anarchists
Anti-capitalist Anarchists: Proudhon, Bakunin and Kropotkin
The Argument So Far ...
Republican Spain and the Anarchist Experience
The Problem of Violence
Anarchism and the New Social Movements
The Problem of Organisation and Relationships
The Problem of Hierarchy
The Question of Self-determination and Constraint
Anarchism and the Distinction between State and Government
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Nationalism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Mountains, Muesli, Cuckoo Clocks and Yodellers
Nations and Nationalism
Definitions
Modernism versus Perennialism
Modernist Theories
Perennialist Theories
Nationalism: the Ethical Debate
Implications of the Modernist-Perennialist Debate
State versus Nation
Civic Nationalism and Ethnic Nationalism
Nationalism and Exclusivity
Liberalism and Nationalism: Mill and Herder
Liberalism versus Nationalism
John Stuart Mill
Johann Gottfried von Herder
Socialism and Nationalism: Marx and Engels
Conclusion: Banal Nationalism
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Fascism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: 'Never Again': Contemporary Forms of Fascism
Defining Fascism
Fascism and Communism
Fascism and Religion
Fascism and Liberalism
Fascism and Conservatism
Fascism in Italy
Nationalism and War
Corporativism, Violence and the State
Intellectual Roots
Fascism in Germany
A Brief History
Anti-capitalism
Statism, Women and Colonialism
Fascism and Capitalism
Fascism, Liberalism and the Enlightenment
The State of Nature, Equality and the Individual
Nationalism
Rationality
Fascism, Stalinism and the State
Stalinism
Fascism Today
The Unrepentant Apologists
The Holocaust Deniers
The Critical Fascists
Eurofascism
Nationalist Salvation
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
New Ideologies
Social and Economic Change
Critique of Classical Ideologies
References
Feminism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Women's Work?
Liberal Feminism
Mary Wollstonecraft
John Stuart Mill
Liberal Feminism in Britain and the United States
Problems with Liberal Feminism
Radical Feminist Critique
Socialist Feminist Critique
Other Critiques
Socialist Feminism
Engels's Contribution
Bebel and Later Socialists
Women in the Communist Party States
The Domestic Labour Debate
Problems with Socialist Feminism
Liberal Feminist Critique
Radical Feminist Critique
Black Feminists and the Philosophical Feminist Critique
Radical Feminism
Problems with Radical Feminism
Liberal Feminist Critique
Socialist Feminist Critique
Black Feminists and the Philosophical Feminist Critique
Black Feminism
Problems with Black Feminism
Liberal, Socialist and Radical Feminist Critiques
The Critique of Philosophical Feminisms
Philosophical Feminisms
Feminist Empiricism
Standpoint Feminism
Postmodern Feminism
Problems with the Philosophical Feminisms
Liberal Feminist Critique
Socialist, Radical and Black Feminist Critiques
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Multiculturalism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Religious Dress Ban: Equality or Oppression?
What is Multiculturalism?
Culture, Race, Ethnicity and Religion
Culture
Race and Ethnicity
Religion
Multiculturalism, Liberalism and Modernity
Models of Multiculturalism
Jeremy Waldron: Hybridity
Will Kymlicka: Right to Cultural Membership
James Tully: Constitutional Diversity
John Rawls: Overlapping Consensus
Edward Said: Critique of Orientalism
Assessment: Identity, Reason and Freedom
Multiculturalism: the New Wars of Religion?
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Ecologism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Nuclear Power? Yes Please!
Ecologism or Environmentalism?
Environmental Crisis and Green Politics
Environmental Crisis
Green Politics
Aldo Leopold and the 'Land Ethic'
Arne Naess and 'Deep Ecology'
Garrett Hardin and the Ethics of the Lifeboat
Summary and Criticisms of Ecologism
Summary of Ecologism
Criticisms of Ecologism
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Fundamentalism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: The Diversity of Fundamentalisms
Label or Concept?
Fundamentalism and Religion
Fundamentals and Fundamentalism
Modernity and Tradition
Fundamentalism, Democracy and Violence
What is Islamic Fundamentalism?
US Fundamentalism and the Religious Right
Jewish Fundamentalism and the Israeli State
'The Clash of Civilisations': a Fundamentalist Thesis?
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Conclusion: Academic Political Theory and Politics
Glossary
Index