Skip to content

Introduction to Political Concepts

ISBN-10: 1405824387

ISBN-13: 9781405824385

Edition: 2006

Authors: John Hoffman, Paul Graham

List price: $54.20
Blue ribbon 30 day, 100% satisfaction guarantee!
what's this?
Rush Rewards U
Members Receive:
Carrot Coin icon
XP icon
You have reached 400 XP and carrot coins. That is the daily max!

Description:

A student-focused guide to concepts such as the state, freedom, equality, justice, democracy, citizenship, difference, victimhood, civil disobedience, and human rights, this book relates political concepts to political realities through effective use of real-world examples.
Customers also bought

Book details

List price: $54.20
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Publication date: 4/13/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Guide to Features
Guided Tour
Publisher's Acknowledgements
Authors' Acknowledgements
About the Authors
Introduction
Theory as Abstraction
The Distinction between Facts and Values
The Problem with the Contestability Thesis
Structure of the Book
Questions
References
Classical Ideas
The Link with Other Concepts
Power and Authority: an Indissoluble Link?
Does a Broad View of Politics Help?
Negative and Positive Power
Negative and Positive Power as a Relationship
Three-dimensional Power and the Problem of Power and Authority
Accounting for the 'Indissoluble Link'
References
The State
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Changing States: Hitler's Rise to Power
How Modern is the Concept of the State?
Defining the State
The Force Argument
The Centrality of Will
The State as a Mixture of Will and Force
Force and the Modernity Argument
The Argument against the Concept of the State
The Behaviouralist Argument
The Argument of David Easton
David Easton's Concept of the Political System
The Linguistic and Radical Argument
Problems with the Argument against the State
The Argument of David Easton
The Question of Existence
Force and Statelessness
The Distinction between Force and Constraint, State and Government
The Argument So Far ...
State and Sovereignty
Sovereignty as a Modern Concept
Sovereignty as a Broad Concept
Problems with the Theories of State Sovereignty
Difficulties with the Modernist Conception
The Broad View of State Sovereignty
Rescuing the Idea of Sovereignty
Moving to a Stateless World
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Freedom
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Smoking in the Last Chance Saloon?
Freedom
Mill's Defence of Freedom
Freedom of Thought and Expression
Freedom of Action
Criticisms and Developments
Harm to Others
Consent
Harm to Self
Offensiveness
Harmless Wrongdoing
Smoking Ban Reconsidered
Harm to Others
Consent
Harm to Self
Offensiveness
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Equality
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: What do People Deserve?
Principles of Equality
Moral Equality
Moral Autonomy and Moral Equality
Moral Inequality: a Caste Society
Legal Equality
Equal Liberties
Do Freedom and Equality Conflict?
Material Equality
Equal Access
Equality of Opportunity
Equality of Outcome
Affirmative Action
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Justice
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: A Neet Solution?
Theories of Just Distribution
Rawls: an Egalitarian Liberal Theory of Justice
The Original Position
Motivation in the Original Position
What would be Chosen in the Original Position?
The Democratic Conception: the Two Principles of Justice
Would we really Choose the Difference Principle?
Nozick: a Libertarian Theory of Justice
Nozick's Starting Point: Private Property Rights
Just Acquisition - Locke and Nozick
Just Transfer
Rectification
Cohen: a Marxist Perspective on Distributive Justice
Cohen contra Nozick
Cohen contra Rawls
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Democracy
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Inside the Voting Booth
Democracy and Confusion
Democracy and Liberalism
The Problem of Exclusion
The 'Tyranny of the Majority' Thesis
The Problem of Participation
Solutions to the Problem of Low Participation
Representational and Direct Democracy
The Argument So Far ...
Democracy and the State
The Ancient Greek Polity and the Problem with Liberalism
Democracy and the Relational Argument
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Citizenship
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: 'Being British': Pride, Passports and Princes
Citizenship and Liberalism
Citizenship and Class
Citizenship, Marshall and Social Rights
Citizenship and the New Right
Citizenship and the Case for a Basic Income
Citizenship and Women
Global Citizenship
The Argument So Far ...
Citizenship within the European Union
Does the State Undermine Citizenship?
The Problem of Class
Citizenship as a Relational Concept
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
New Concepts
Difference
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: 'A Protestant State for the Protestant People': Difference in Northern Ireland
Defining Difference
The Problem of the Dominant Identity
Postmodernism/Post-structuralism and Difference
Feminist Theory and Difference
Liberalism and Difference
Democracy and the State
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Human Rights
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Rough Justice?
Human Rights after Nuremberg
Human Rights Conventions
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
European Convention on Human Rights (1950)
Why the Declaration and the Convention are Significant
What are Rights?
Categorising Rights: Hohfeld's Scheme
Will Theory versus Benefit Theory
Relativism versus Universalism
Intuition and Moral Consensus
International Hypothetical Contract
Rawls and the International Hypothetical Contract
Rational Entailment
Group Rights and Welfare Rights
Group Rights
Welfare Rights
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Civil Disobedience
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: Protest and Survive?
Civil Disobedience and Law-breaking
Law-breaking
Civil Disobedience and Political Obligation
Civil Disobedience and Democracy
Democracy and Obedience
Fair Compromise
Problems with Democracy
Rawls: Civil Disobedience and Conscientious Refusal
The Context
Obligation to Obey the Law
The Nature and Role of Civil Disobedience
Conscientious Refusal
Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement
Historical Background to the Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King, 'Letter from Birmingham City Jail' (1963)
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Terrorism
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: 9/11 and its Legacy
Liberalism and the Question of Violence
The State and Terrorism
An Assessment of Salmi
Distinguishing between Political Violence and Terrorism
Terrorism, Ambiguity and the Liberal State
Marx on the Problem of Terrorism
The Leninist and Maoist Position on Terrorism
A General Theory of Terrorism?
The Roots of Terrorism
The Problem of Terror and the State
The Force/Violence Distinction and the Analysis of Terrorism
The Significance of 9/11
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Victimhood
Introduction
Chapter Map
Test Case: 'Arbeit Macht Frei'
Victims and Violence
What is Victimhood?
Victimhood and Power
Are Women Victims?
Dualism, Women and Victimhood
Human Rights and Victimhood: The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)
Is Contract an Answer to the Problem of Victimhood?
Victimhood and Denial
The State, Mutuality and Dualism
Summary
Questions
References
Further Reading
Weblinks
Conclusion: Academic Political Theory and Politics
Glossary
Index