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Arsenic Pollution A Global Synthesis

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ISBN-10: 1405186011

ISBN-13: 9781405186018

Edition: 2009

Authors: Peter Ravenscroft, Hugh Brammer, Keith Richards, Keith Richards, K. S. Richards

List price: $75.75
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Book details

List price: $75.75
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/24/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 618
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.936
Language: English

List of Figures
List of Tables
Series Editors' Preface
Acknowledgements
Preface
List of Abbreviations
Glossary
Introduction
Background
The Nature of Arsenic Pollution
History of Natural Arsenic Contamination
Arsenic Pollution
Risk, Perception and Social Impacts
Water-supply Mitigation
Structure and Scope of the Book
Hydrogeochemistry of Arsenic
Introduction
The Chemistry of Normal and Arsenic-rich Groundwaters
Adsorption and Desorption of Arsenic
The Role of Sulphur in Strongly Reducing Groundwater
Arsenic and Microbial Activity
Arsenic Mobilisation Mechanisms
Associations of Arsenic with other Trace Elements
Arsenic Pollution and Mining
Summary
Analysis of Arsenic in Natural Waters
The Hydrogeology of Arsenic
Introduction
Arsenic in Rocks and Sediments
Arsenic in River Water and Sediment
Geo-environmental Associations of Arsenic in Groundwater
Geochemical Processes in their Geological Context
Behaviour of Arsenic in Aquifers
Case Histories of Arsenic-affected Aquifers
Implications of Long-term Pumping of Arsenic Contaminated Groundwater
Summary and Conclusions
Soils and Agriculture
Introduction
Arsenic in Soils
Irrigation with Arsenic-contaminated Water
Arsenic Uptake by Plants
Options for Arsenic Management
Research and Development Needs
Health Effects of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Food
Introduction
A Short History of the Health Effects of Chronic Arsenic Poisoning
Toxicity of Arsenic Compounds
Environmental Exposure to Arsenic
Acute Arsenic Poisoning
Dermatological Manifestations
Carcinogenic Effects
Systemic Non-carcinogenic Effects
Social and Psychological Effects
Effect or Other Toxic and Trace Elements
Geographical Differences in Health Effects
Case History of Arsenic Exposure in Murshidabad District, West Bengal
Diagnosis and Treatment of Arsenicosis
Removing Exposure to Arsenic
Summary and Recommendations
Water-supply Mitigation
Introduction
Approaches to Water-supply Mitigation
Surveys of Arsenic Affected Areas
Exploiting Safe Groundwater Sources
Developing Surface-water Sources
Arsenic in Water Distribution Networks
Socio-economic Aspects Mitigation
Policy and Planning Initiatives
Monitoring and Evaluation of Water-supply Mitigation Programmes
Summary
Arsenic Survey Procedures
Removing Arsenic from Drinking Water
Introduction
Water Quality Issues
Methods of Arsenic Removal
Aquifer Clean-up
Disposing of Waste from Treatment Processes
Examples and Operational Experience of Arsenic Removal Technologies
Costs of Arsenic Removal
Guidance for Selecting Treatment Methods and Technologies
Case Study of Water Treatment Requirements in Bangladesh
Future Needs
Arsenic in Asia
Introduction
South Asia
Southeast Asia
China
East Asia
Western, Central and Northern Asia
Suspect Terrain and Research Needs
The British Geological Survey Court Case
Arsenic in North America and Europe
Introduction
United States of America and Canada
Mexico
Europe
Suspect Terrain and Research Needs
Arsenic in South and Central America, Africa, Australasia and Oceania
Introduction
South and Central America
Africa
Australasia
Arsenic in the Ocean Basins
Suspect Terrain and Research Needs
Synthesis, Conclusions and Recommendations
Scale and Impact of Arsenic Pollution
Chemistry, Cause and Prediction
Agricultural Impacts, Prospects and Needs
Water-supply Mitigation
Sustainability Issues
Geographical Perspectives
The Politics of Arsenic Pollution and Mitigation
Ten Priority Actions
References
Index