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Conservation of Wildlife Populations Demography, Genetics, and Management

ISBN-10: 1405121467

ISBN-13: 9781405121460

Edition: 2006

Authors: L. Scott Mills, Marie-Francoise Gautier, Luis Gomez

List price: $94.95
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Description:

This is an introduction to the concepts and principles for solving management problems in wildlife and conservation biology. The book shows how population biology addresses questions involving the harvest, monitoring, and conservation of wildlife populations.
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Book details

List price: $94.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/25/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 424
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.782
Language: English

List of boxes
List of symbols
Preface
Acknowledgments
Background to applied population biology
The big picture: human population dynamics meets applied population biology
Introduction
Population ecology of humans
Extinction rates of other species
Humans and sustainable harvest
The big picture
Further reading
Designing studies and interpreting population biology data: how do we know what we know?
Introduction
Obtaining reliable facts through sampling
Linking observed facts to ideas[subscript mind] leads to understanding
Ethics and the wildlife population biologist
Summary
Further reading
Genetic concepts and tools to support wildlife population biology
Introduction
What is genetic variation?
Genetic markers used in wildlife population biology
Insights into wildlife population biology using genetic tools
Summary
Further reading
Estimating population vital rates
Introduction
Estimating abundance and density
Survival estimation
Estimation of reproduction
Sex ratio
Summary
Further reading
Population processes: the basis for management
The simplest way to describe and project population growth: exponential and geometric change
Introduction
Fundamentals of geometric or exponential growth
Causes and consequences of variation in population growth
Quantifying population growth in a stochastic environment
Summary
Further reading
Density-dependent population change
Introduction
Negative density dependence
Positive density dependence
The logistic: one simple model of negative density-dependent population growth
Some counterintuitive dynamics: limit cycles and chaos
Summary
Further reading
Accounting for age- and sex-specific differences: population-projection models
Introduction
Anatomy of a population-projection matrix
How timing of sampling affects the matrix
Projecting a matrix through time
Adding stochasticity to a matrix model
Sensitivity analysis
Case studies
Summary
Further reading
Predation and wildlife populations
Introduction
Does predation affect prey numbers?
Factors affecting how predation impacts prey numbers
Summary
Further reading
Genetic variation and fitness of wildlife populations
Introduction
Long-term benefits of genetic variation
What determines levels of genetic variation in populations?
Quantifying the loss of heterozygosity: the inbreeding coefficient
When does inbreeding lead to inbreeding depression?
What to do when faced with inbreeding depression?
General rules
Summary
Further reading
Dynamics of multiple populations
Introduction
Connectivity among populations
Measuring connectivity among wildlife populations
Multiple populations are not all equal
Options for restoring connectivity
Summary
Further reading
Applying knowledge of population processes to problems of declining, small, or harvestable populations
Human perturbations: deterministic factors leading to population decline
Introduction
General effects of deterministic stressors on populations
Habitat loss and fragmentation
Introduced and invasive species
Pollution
Overharvest
Global climate change
Synergistic effects among deterministic stressors
Summary
Further reading
Predicting the dynamics of small and declining populations
Introduction
Ecological characteristics predicting risk
The extinction vortex
Predicting risks in small populations
Population viability analysis: quantitative methods of assessing viability
Other approaches to assessing viability
Some closing thoughts about assessing viability
Summary
Further reading
Bridging applied population and ecosystem ecology with focal species concepts
Introduction
Flagship species
Umbrella species
Indicator species
Keystone species and strong interactors
Summary
Further reading
Population biology of harvested populations
Introduction
Effects of hunting on population dynamics
Long-term effects: hunting as a selective force
Models to guide sustainable harvest
Waterfowl harvest and adaptive harvest management
Management of overabundant and pest populations
Summary
Further reading
Epilogue
References
Species lists
Subject index