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Conservation and the Genetics of Populations

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ISBN-10: 1405121459

ISBN-13: 9781405121453

Edition: 2006

Authors: Gordon Luikart, Fred W. Allendorf, Agostinho Antunes

List price: $99.95
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Description:

Conservation and the Genetics of Populations gives a comprehensive overview of the essential background, concepts, and tools needed to understand how genetic information can be used to develop conservation plans for species threatened with extinction. Provides a thorough understanding of the genetic basis of biological problems in conservation. Uses a balance of data and theory, and basic and applied research, with examples taken from both the animal and plant kingdoms. An associated website contains example data sets and software programs to illustrate population genetic processes and methods of data analysis. Discussion questions and problems are included at the end of each chapter to aid understanding. Features Guest Boxes written by leading people in the field including James F. Crow, Nancy FitzSimmons, Robert C. Lacy, Michael W. Nachman, Michael E. Soule, Andrea Taylor, Loren H. Rieseberg, R.C. Vrijenhoek, Lisette Waits, Robin S. Waples and Andrew Young. For supplementary information designed to support Conservation and the Genetics of Populations including: Downloadable sample chapter Answers to questions and problems Data sets illustrating problems from the book Data analysis software programs Website links Downloadable artwork and diagrams from the book (also available by request on CD-ROM) please go to: www.blackwellpublishing.com/allendorf.
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Book details

List price: $99.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/14/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 664
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.838

Fred W. Allendorf is a Regents Professor at the University of Montana and a Professorial Research Fellow at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand. His primary research interests are conservation and population genetics. He has published over 200 articles on the population genetics and conservation of fish, amphibians, mammals, invertebrates, and plants. He is a past President of the American Genetic Association, served as Director of the Population Biology Program of the National Science Foundation, and has served on the editorial boards of "Conservation Biology," "Molecular Ecology," "Evolution," "Conservation Genetics," "Molecular Biology and Evolution," and the "Journal of Heredity," He has taught conservation genetics at the University of Montana, University of Oregon, University of Minnesota, and Victoria University of Wellington.Gordon Luikart is a Research Associate Professor at the University of Montana and a Visiting Professor in the Center for Investigation of Biodiversity and Genetic Resources at the University of Porto, Portugal. He was a Research Scientist with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique(CNRS)at the University Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, France. His research focuses on the conservation and genetics of wild and domestic animals, and includes nearly 50 publications in the field. He was a Fulbright Scholar at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, is a member of the IUCN specialists group for Caprinae (mountain ungulate) conservation, and has served on the editorial boards of "Conservation Biology" and "Molecular Ecology Notes."

Authors of Guest Boxes
Preface
List of Symbols
Introduction
Introduction
Genetics and conservation
What should we conserve?
How should we conserve biodiversity?
Applications of genetics to conservation
The role of genetics in conservation
Phenotypic Variation in Natural Populations
Color pattern
Morphology
Behavior
Differences among populations
Looks can be deceiving: countergradient variation in secondary sexual color in sympatric morphs of sockeye salmon
Genetic Variation in Natural Populations: Chromosomes and Proteins
Chromosomes
Protein electrophoresis
Genetic variation within populations
Genetic divergence among populations
Strengths and limitations of protein electrophoresis
Management implications of polploidy in a cytologically complex self-incompatible herb
Genetic Variation in Natural Populations: DNA
Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA
Single copy nuclear loci
Multilocus techniques
Sex-linked markers
DNA sequences
Additional techniques and the future
Genetic variation in natural populations
Multiple markers uncover marine turtle behavior
Mechanisms Of Evolutionary Change
Random Mating Populations: Hardy�Weinberg Principle
The Hardy�Weinberg principle
Hardy�Weinberg proportions
Testing for Hardy�Weinberg proportions
Estimation of allele frequencies
Sex-linked loci
Estimation of genetic variation
Testing alternative explanations for deficiencies of heterozygotes in populations of brook trout in small lakes
Small Populations and Genetic Drift
Genetic drift
Changes in allele frequency
Loss of genetic variation: the inbreeding effect of small populations
Loss of allelic diversity
Founder effect
Genotypic proportions in small populations
Fitness effects of genetic drift
The inbreeding effect of small population size reduces population growth rate in mosquitofish
Effective Population Size
Concept of effective population size
Unequal sex ratio
Nonrandom number of progeny
Fluctuating population size
Overlapping generations
Variance effective population size
Cytoplasmic genes
Gene genealogies and lineage sorting
Limitations of effective population size
Effective population size in natural populations
Estimation of effective population size in Yellowstone grizzly bears
Natural Selection
Fitness
Single locus with two alleles
Multiple alleles
Frequency-dependent selection
Natural selection in small populations
Natural selection and conservation
Rapid adaptation and conservation
Population Subdivision
F-statistics
Complete isolation
Gene flow
Gene flow and genetic drift
Cytoplasmic genes and sex-linked markers
Gene flow and natural selection
Limitations of FST and other measures of subdivision
Estimation of gene flow
Population subdivision and conservation
Hector�s dolphin population structure and conservation
Multiple Loci
Gametic disequilibrium
Small population size
Natural selection
Population subdivision
Hybridization
Estimation of gametic disequilibrium
Dating hybrid populations using gametic disequilibrium
Quantitative Genetics
Heritability
Selection on quantitative traits
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs
Genetic drift and bottlenecks
Divergence among populations (QST
Quantitative genetics and conservation
Response to trophy hunting in bighorn sheep
Mutation
Process of mutation
Selectively neutral mutations
Harmful mutations
Advantageous mutations
. Recovery from a bottleneck
Color evolution via different mutations in pocket mice
Genetics And Conservation
Inbreeding Depression
Pedigree analysis
Gene drop analysis
Estimation of F and relatedness with molecular markers
Causes of inbreeding depression
Measurement of inbreeding depression
Genetic load and purging
Understanding inbreeding depression: 20 years of experiments with Peromyscus mice
Demography and Extinction
Estimation of population size
Inbreeding depression and extinction
Population viability analysis
Loss of phenotypic variation
Loss of evolutionary potential
Mitochondrial DNA
Mutational meltdown
Long-term persistence
The 50/500 rule
Noninvasive population size estimation in wombats
Metapopulations and Fragmentation
The metapopulation concept
Genetic variation in metapopulations
Effective population size
Population divergence and fragmentation
Genetic rescue
Long-term population viability
Fitness loss and genetic rescue in stream-dwelling topminnows
Units of Conservation
What should we try to protect?
Systematics and taxonomy
Phylogeny reconstruction
Description of genetic relationships within species
Units of conservation
Integrating genetic, phenotypic, and environmental information
Identifying conservation units in Pacific salmon
Hybridization
Natural hybridization
Anthropogenic hybridization
Fitness consequences of hybridization
Detecting and describing hybridization
Hybridization and conservation
Hybridization and the conservation of plants
Conservation Breeding and Restoration
The role of conservation breeding
Reproductive technologies and genome banking
Founding populations for conservation breeding programs
Genetic drift in captive populations
Natural selection and adaptation to captivity
Genetic management of conservation breeding programs
Supportive breeding
Reintroductions and translocations
Effects of population bottlenecks on introduced species of birds
Invasive Species
Why are invasive species so successful?
Genetic analysis of introduced species
Establishment and spread of invasive species
Hybridization as a stimulus for invasiveness
Eradication, management, and control
Rapid adaptation of invasive populations of St John�s Wort
Forensic and Management Applications of Genetic Identification
Species identification
Individual identification and probability of identity
Parentage testing
Sex identification
Population assignment
Population composition analysis
Microsatellite DNA genotyping identifies problem bear and cubs
Glossary
Appendix: Probability and Statistics
Guest Box A: Is mathematics necessary?
References
Index