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Optimality Theory Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar

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ISBN-10: 1405119330

ISBN-13: 9781405119337

Edition: 2004

Authors: Alan Prince, Paul Smolensky

List price: $58.95
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Description:

This book is the final version of the widely-circulated 1993 Technical Report that introduces a conception of grammar in which well-formedness is defined as optimality with respect to a ranked set of universal constraints. Final version of the widely circulated 1993 Technical Report that was the seminal work in Optimality Theory, never before available in book format. Serves as an excellent introduction to the principles and practice of Optimality Theory. Offers proposals and analytic commentary that suggest many directions for further development for the professional.
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Book details

List price: $58.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/24/2004
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Paul Smolensky is Professor of Cognitive Science at Johns Hopkins University. He was a leadingmember of the PDP connectionist research group, and is the recipient of the 2005 David E. RumelhartPrize in Cognitive Science, which is awarded annually to an individual or collaborative team makinga significant contribution to the formal analysis of human cognition.

Prefactory Note
Acknowledgments
Preliminaries:.Background and Overview
Optimality
Overall Structure of the Argument
Overview of
Optimality in Grammar
Core Syllabification in Imdlawn Tashlhiyt Berber
The Heart of Dell & Elmedlaoui
Optimality Theory
Summary of discussion to date
Generalization-Forms in Domination Hierarchies IBlocking and Triggering
Profuseness and Economy:.Epenthetic Structure
Do Something Only When: The Failure of Bottom-up Constructionism
Generalization-Forms in Domination Hierarchies IIDo Something Except When
Blocking, or The Theory of Profuseness:.Edge-Oriented Infixation
Interaction of Weight Effects with Extrametricality
Background: Prominence-Driven Stress Systems
The Interaction of Weight and Extrametricality: Kelkar's Hindi/Urdu
Nonfinality and Nonexhaustiveness
Nonfinality and the Laws of Foot Form: Raw Minimality
Nonfinality and the Laws of Foot Form:Extended Minimality Effects
Summary of Discussion of the Except When Effect
Except meets Only: Triggering and Blocking in a Single Grammar
The Construction of Grammar in Optimality Theory
Construction of Harmonic Orderings from Phonetic and Structural Scales
The Theory of Constraint Interaction
Comparison of Entire Candidates by a Single Constraint
Ons: Binary constraints
Hnuc: Non-binary constraints
Comparison of Entire Candidates by an Entire Constraint Hierarchy
Discussion
Non-locality of interaction
Strictness of domination
Serial vs
Parallel Harmony Evaluation and Gen
Binary vs
Non-binary constraints
Paoini's Theorem on Constraint Ranking
Overview of
Syllable Structure Typology I: the CV Theory
The Jakobson Typology
The Faithfulness Interactions
Groundwork
Basic CV Syllable Theory
Onsets
Codas
The Theory of Epenthesis Sites
Constraint Interaction in Lardil Phonology
The Constraints
The Ranking
Some Ranking Logic
Ranking the Constraints
Verification of Forms
Consonant-Final Stems
Vowel Final Stems
Discussion
Universal Syllable Theory II
Ordinal Construction of C/V and Onset/Coda Licensing Asymmetry
Associational Harmony
Deconstructing Hnuc: Berber, Take 1
Restricting to Binary Marks
Reconstructing the C and V Classes
Emergent Parameter Setting via Constraint Ranking
Harmonic Completeness of Possible Onsets and Peaks
Peak- and Margin-Affinity
Interactions with Parse
Restricting Deletion and Epenthesis
Further Necessary Conditions on Possible Onsets and Nuclei
Sufficient Conditions on Possible Onsets and Nuclei
The Typology of Onset, Nucleus, and Coda Inventories
The Typology of Onset and Nucleus Inventories
Onset/Coda Licensing Asymmetries
An Example: Berber, Take 2
Simplifying the Theory by Encapsulating Constraint Packages
Encapsulating the Association Hierarchies
An Example: Berber, Take 3
Sufficiency and Richness of the Encapsulated Theory
Inventory Theory and the Lexicon
Language-Particular Inventories
Harmonic Bounding and Nucleus, Syllable, and Word Inventories
Segmental Inventories
Universal Inventories
Segmental Inventories
Syllabic Inventories
Optimality in the Lexicon
Foundational Issues and Theory-Comparisons
Thinking about Optimality
Fear of Optimization
The Reassurance
The Connectionism Connection, and other Computation-based Comparisons
Why Optimality Theory has nothing to do with connectionism
Why Optimality Theory is deeply connected to connectionism
Harmony Maximization and Symbolic Cognition
Analysis of 'Phonotactics+Repair' Theories
CV Syllable Structure and Repair
General Structure of the Comparisons: Repair Analysis
Persistent Rule Theory
English Closed Syllab