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Echo Signal Processing

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ISBN-10: 140207395X

ISBN-13: 9781402073953

Edition: 2003

Authors: Dennis W. Ricker

List price: $349.99
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Description:

Written at the senior undergraduate or graduate level, this text presents introductory and advanced topics in the areas of signal theory and processing as specifically applied to acoustic echo-location.
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Book details

List price: $349.99
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 2/28/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 484
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Basic Signal Theory
Introduction
Signals, Power, and Energy
Fourier Representation of Signals
Orthonormal Expansions and Fourier Transforms
Fourier Transform Properties
The Complex Signal Representation
Linear Systems
Definition
The Impulse Response and Convolution Integral
The Transfer Function
Stochastic Processes
Fourier Transforms and Power Spectra
The Weiner-Khintchine Theorem
Linear System Response to Stochastic Signals
Summary
Echo Energy and Time Base
Introduction
The Echo Energy Cycle
Geometry and Kinematics
Collinear Motion
Signal Models
Relativistic Time Mapping
Summary
Detection and Estimation
Introduction
Binary Detection
Multiple Hypotheses
Non-random Point Echo Detection
Slowly Fluctuating Point Scattering
White Gaussian Noise (WGN)
The Rician Model
Correlated Gaussian Interference
Wide Sense Stationarity
Parameter Estimation
Maximum Likelihood Estimation
The Cramer-Rao Bound (CRB)
Multiple Parameters
The Role of the Ambiguity function
Summary
Ambiguity Functions
Introduction
Models and Notation
Wide and Narrowband AF Models
The AF of Real Waveforms
Alternative Signal Representations
The Wavelet Transform (WT)
The Wigner-Ville Distribution (WVD)
AF and UF Properties
General Properties
Auto AF Properties at the Origin
The Wideband Expansion Derivation for [tau]
The Deterministic Model
The Narrowband Expansion for the Fluctuating Model
The Bandpass Waveform
Ambiguity properties at the origin
Window functions
Analytic waveform expansion coefficients
Estimation Accuracy and the Ambiguity Error Ellipse
Wideband Doppler Resolvency
Narrowband Model Error
Quadratic Distortion (QD)
The Stationary Phase Principle
Summary
Waveforms
Introduction
Ambiguity Resolution
Woodward's Time Resolution Constant
The Wigner-Ville Time-Frequency Criterion
Sparse Signal Sequences
Wideband Ambiguity Consistency
Global Ambiguity Properties
Frequency Hop Codes
Costas Codes
Congruence Codes
AF Sidelobe Bounds for Hop Codes
Hop Code AF Main Lobe Characteristics
Logarithmic Frequency Allocation of Hop Codes
PRN Waveforms
Shift Register Sequences
Runs and Repeated Segments
Generating a PRN Code Sequence
Autocorrelation and Power Spectrum
Doppler Tolerance
HFM/LPM Waveforms
Doppler Resolvent Dilation Tolerant Waveforms
Simultaneous Transmission
Summary
Spread Scattering and Propagation
Introduction
The Linear Spreading Models
Time-Frequency Correlation and Scattering Functions
The Wideband Model
Receiver Response
Total Energy and the Detection Index
Scattering Function Convolution
Processing Gain Estimation
Scattering models; the signal component
Scattering models: the reverberation component
Receiver Outputs and G[subscript p] for CW, LFM and Sparse FSK Waveforms
The Performance of "Thumbtack" Waveforms
Receiver Optimization
The Optimal Mismatched Receiver in WGN
The Composite Cross Ambiguity Function
Post-Detection Combining
The Estimator-Correlator (EC)
Generalized Signal to Interference Ratio
The EC for Uncorrelated Data
EC Receiver Operating Characteristics
EC Mismatch Error
Diversity Combining
Frequency diversity code design
Summary
The Spatial Representation
Arrays and Beam Formation
The Rectangular Aperture
The Discrete Aperture
Array Processing
Continuous Passive Signals
Active Receiver Implementation and Parameter Estimation
The CR Bound for Spatial Processing
Split Processing
Spatially Spread Scattering
Monopulse Bearing Estimation
Amplitude Comparison
Interference Error
Phase Comparison
Spread Scattering Induced Bearing Bias
Summary
Symbols
Glossary
Index