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Space Psychology and Psychiatry

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ISBN-10: 1402067690

ISBN-13: 9781402067693

Edition: 2nd 2008

Authors: N. Kanas, D. Manzey

List price: $199.99
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Book details

List price: $199.99
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 4/21/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 240
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.254
Language: English

Preface (1st Edition)
Preface (2nd Edition)
Introduction
Humans in space
Stressors and stress in space
Sources of information
Anecdotal reports
Space analog and simulation studies
Settings
Relevance to actual space missions
Research in space
Basic assumptions
Human performance
Crew heterogeneity
Cultural differences
Time effects
Crew-ground relationship
Psychological countermeasures
Summary
References
Basic Issues Of Human Adaptation to Space Flight
Space as an extreme environment
Issues of physiological adaptation
Cardiovascular system
Vestibular and sensory-motor system
Musculo-skeletal system
Physiological deconditioning and countermeasures
Sleep and circadian rhythms
Empirical findings from space: phenomenology of sleep disturbances
Empirical findings from space: sleep disturbances and circadian rhythms
Operational significance
Psychological adaptation to long-duration space flight: general characteristics
Stages of adaptation over time
Empirical findings from ground research: stages of adaptation in analog environments and isolation studies
Empirical findings from space: stages of psychological adaptation during space missions
Summary
References
Human Performance
Basic issues
Possible origins of cognitive performance decrements in space
Effects of microgravity on specific brain mechanisms
Effects of stress on mental performance
Empirical findings from space: cognitive neuroscience research
Spatial orientation
Spatial perception and representation
Mental rotation and object recognition
Mass discrimination
Aimed voluntary movements
Empirical findings from space: human performance monitoring
Results of performance monitoring during short-duration space flight
Results of performance monitoring during long-duration space missions
Impairments of tracking and dual-task performance in space: effects of microgravity, stress, or both?
Complex cognitive and perceptual-motor skills
Ground-based studies
Empirical findings from space: effects of stressors on complex cognitive and perceptual-motor skills
Summary
References
Human Interactions
Interpersonal issues
Crew heterogeneity
Gender
Cultural differences
Career motivation and experiences
Personality
Problems related to crew heterogeneity
Crew cohesion
Time effects and mission stage
Problems related to changes in cohesion
Language and dialect variations
Native language versus space terminology
Problems related to language and dialect variations
Crew size
The impact of size in small groups
Problems related to crew size
Leadership roles
Task versus supportive roles
Problems related to leadership roles
Crew-ground interactions
Ingroup versus outgroup issues
Displacement
Problems related to crew-ground interactions
Empirical findings from space: ISS operations challenges as seen by junior and senior mission control personnel
Procedures
Results
Conclusions
Empirical findings from space: human interactions during the Shuttle/Mir program
Procedures
Results
Empirical findings from space: human interactions during the International Space Station (ISS) program
Procedures
Results
Culture and Language Questionnaire findings
Empirical findings from space: conclusions from the Shuttle/Mir and International Space Station human interactions studies
Time effects
Displacement
National and organizational culture
Cultural and language experiences and attitudes
Leadership roles
Critical incidents
Implications for future space missions
Empirical findings from space: cultural challenges facing ISS personnel
Procedures
Results
Conclusions
Summary
References
Psychiatric Issues
Behavioral health and salutogenesis
Empirical findings from space: positive psychological aspects of space flight
Procedures
Results
Conclusions
Psychiatric problems in space
Adjustment disorders
Somatoform disorders
Mood and thought disorders
Post-mission effects: personality changes and marital problems
Asthenia
A common space syndrome?
Cultural issues
Russian views of asthenia in space
Empirical findings from space: asthenia and the Shuttle/Mir program
Procedures
Results
Conclusions
Empirical findings from space: cultural differences in patterns of mood states on-orbit
Treatment considerations
Counseling and psychotherapy
Psychoactive medications
Psychiatric research in space
Summary
References
Psychological Countermeasures
General aspects
Habitability factors
Work design issues
Selection and crew composition
General issues
Select-out: avoiding psychopathology
Select-in: the "right stuff"
Crew composition: the problem of interpersonal compatibility
Training
Who should be trained?
Towards a competency model for astronauts
Kinds of training
Briefings, lectures, and workshops
Field exercises
Crew-oriented sensitivity training and team-building
Crew monitoring
Remote monitoring from Earth
Empirical findings from space: monitoring stress through voice analysis
On-board monitoring
In-flight support
Supportive measures for preventing feelings of monotony, boredom, and isolation
Maintaining contact with family and friends
Private psychological conferences
Support of families on Earth
Post-flight readjustment support
Individual issues
Family issues
Summary
References
Future Challenges
Space tourism
Going beyond the Earth's orbit
Future human missions to the Moon and Mars
Missions to the Moon and the establishment of a lunar base
Exploratory missions to Mars
Applicability of current psychological knowledge to space missions beyond the Earth's orbit
Empirical findings from space: cosmonaut survey regarding a mission to Mars
Goals and Procedures
Results
Conclusions
Human missions to Mars: new psychological challenges
Individual adaptation and human performance
Interpersonal issues
Psychiatric issues
Psychological countermeasures
The Earth-out-of-view phenomenon
Research directions
Summary
References
Index