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Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter Phenomenology and Thermodynamics

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ISBN-10: 1402061234

ISBN-13: 9781402061233

Edition: 2008

Authors: M. T. Calvet, H. A. J. Oonk

List price: $109.99
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Description:

The phase behaviour of materials and their thermodynamic properties are a central subject in all fields of materials research. The first Volume of the work, meant for graduate students in chemistry, geology, physics, and metallurgy, and their engineering counterparts, is split up in three levels, such that from level to level the portion and importance of thermodynamics and mathematics are increased. In the ground level it is shown that the basic principles of phase equilibria can be understood without the use of thermodynamics ??? be it that the concept of chemical potential is introduced right from the beginning. The intermediate level is an introduction to thermodynamics; culminating in the Gibbs energy as the arbiter for equilibrium ??? demonstrated for systems where the phases in equilibrium are pure substances. In the third level the accent is on binary systems, where one or more phases are solutions of the components. Explicit relationships between the variables are derived for equilibria involving ideal mixtures and ideal dilute solutions. Non-ideal systems are treated from three different angles ??? geometrically, analytically, and numerically. Throughout the work high priority is given to the thermodynamic assessment of experimental data; numerous end-of-chapter exercises and their solutions are included. The work is useful for scientists as an introduction and a reference book.
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Book details

List price: $109.99
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Publication date: 10/12/2007
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 404
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.782

An Introduction to phase diagrams
Equilibrium
Variables
The rules of the game
Pure substances
Binary and ternary systems
Distribution and separation
Chemical equilibrium
An introduction to thermodynamics and phase theory
Differential expressions
Work heat energy
Heat capacity and enthalpy
The ideal gas, expansion and compression
Chemical energy
Entropy
Characteristic functions
Gibbs energy and equilibrium
Data and tables
Pure substances
Chemical reactions and equilibrium
Phase theory: the thermodynamics of equilibrium between phases
Mixtures and partial quantities
The open system, chemical potentials
Change to molar quantities, molar Gibbs energy
The ideal mixture
Non-ideal behaviour, excess functions
Magic formulae
Dilute solutions
The solvent laws
The solute laws
Ideal equilibria
Non-ideal systems - geometrically
Non-Ideal systems - analytically
Non-ideal systems - numerically
Solutions of Exercises