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Materials Chemistry

ISBN-10: 1402061196

ISBN-13: 9781402061196

Edition: 2007

Authors: Bradley D. Fahlman

List price: $89.95
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Description:

Our current technologically-advanced lifestyles are ever-dependent on advanced materials. In order to continue these developmental efforts to further improve our quality of life, a thorough knowledge of material structures, methods of synthesis, and characterization techniques is essential. However, more relevant to our civilization than incremental progressions in consumer products, radical technologies must be developed in order to address worldwide crises such as environmental pollution/greenhouse effect, dwindling petroleum reserves, and strengthening the homeland security of nations across the world. Materials Chemistry is the first textbook that describes the structure vs. property relationship of all major classes of materials. This book will be suitable for both graduate and advanced undergraduate students, as well as industrial scientists wishing to learn more about particular classes of materials. Many illustrations and detailed bibliographies are provided throughout, as well as special sections that describe emerging applications and pose thought-provoking questions -- all designed to foster student-instructor interactions. Laboratory modules that offer a "hands-on" approach for the study of materials are also provided.
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Book details

List price: $89.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Springer
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 485
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.112
Language: English

Bradley Fahlman obtained his PhD at Rice University (Houston, Texas) in 2000 and was awarded his BSc. (High Hons.) at the University of Regina (Canada) in 1996. At present he is Associate Professor of Chemistry at Michigan University. His research interests involve amongst others the synthesis of novel hafnium thin-film precursors, use of these precursors for oxide/nitride/oxynitride thing film growth using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD), development and electrochemical testing of novel nanomaterials ofr Li ion battery anode applications and mechanistic investigation of low-temperature carbon nanotube/nanofibre growth. Brad is head of the Fahlman research group, whose overall objective is to design new and improved routes to interesting and industrially useful nanostructural materials and thin films. The following projects are of current ongoing interest to the group, finding applications for homeland security, as well as advanced components such as fuel cells, sensors, microelectronic devices, and future molecular electronic nanodevices: 1. Design of materials for low-temperature degradation of chemical warfare agents and pesticides. 2. Supercritical fluid facilitated growth of thin films and novel nanostructural materials. 3. Chemical vapor deposition/characterization of Group 13 nitride and oxynitride thin films, including the development of novel single-source, liquid precursors. 4. Nanotube-template chemical vapor deposition of novel nanostructures. Bradley Fahlman received a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA) for the first edition of his book Materials Chemistry.

Preface
What is Materials Chemistry?
Historical Perspectives
Considerations in the Design of New Materials
Design of New Materials Through a "Critical Thinking" Approach
Solid-State Chemistry
Amorphous vs. Crystalline Solids
Types of Bonding in Solids
Ionic Solids
Metallic Solids
Molecular Solids
Covalent Network Solids
The Crystalline State
Crystal Growth Techniques
The Unit Cell
Crystal Lattices
Crystal Imperfections
Phase-Transformation Diagrams
Crystal Symmetry and Space Groups
Physical Properties of Crystals
The Amorphous State
Sol-Gel Processing
Glasses
Cementitious Materials
Metals
Mining and Processing of Metals
Powder Metallurgy
Metallic Structures and Properties
Phase Behavior of Iron-Carbon Alloys
Hardening Mechanisms of Steels
Stainless Steels
Nonferrous Metals and Alloys
Metal Surface Treatments for Corrosion Resistance
Magnetism in Metals and Alloys
Reversible Hydrogen Storage
Semiconducting Materials
Properties and Types of Semiconductors
Silicon-Based Applications
Silicon Wafer Production
Integrated Circuits
Light-Emitting Diodes: There is Life Outside of Silicon!
Thermoelectric (TE) Materials
Organic "Soft" Materials
Polymer Classifications and Nomenclature
Polymerization Mechanisms
"Soft Materials" Applications: Structure vs. Properties
Molecular Magnets
Polymer Additives: Plasticizers and Flame Retardants
Nanomaterials
What is "Nanotechnology"?
Nanoscale Building Blocks and Applications
Zero-Dimensional Nanomaterials
One-Dimensional Nanostructures
Top-Down Nanotechnology: "Soft Lithography"
Materials Characterization
Optical Microscopy
Electron Microscopy
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Surface Characterization Techniques Based on Ion Bombardment
Scanning Probe Microscopy
Bulk Characterization Techniques
Timeline of Materials and Technological Discoveries
"There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom"
Materials-Relaxed Laboratory Experiments
Chemical Vapor Deposition of Carbon Nanotubes
Background Information
Procedure
Supercritical Fluid Facilitated Growth of Copper and Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles
Procedure
Synthesis and Characterization of Liquid Crystals
Procedure
Template Synthesis and Magnetic Manipulation of Nickel Nanowires
Procedure
Introduction to Photolithography
Procedure
Synthesis of Gold Nanoclusters
Procedure
Index