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Dependencies, Connections, and Other Relations A Theory of Mental Causation

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ISBN-10: 1402013914

ISBN-13: 9781402013911

Edition: 2003

Authors: Wim de Muijnck

List price: $219.99
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Description:

When we do things for reasons, our behaviour seems to be caused by mental states such as beliefs and desires. But how can that be true? Is our body not already moved by 'physical' causes such as nerve impulses and muscle contractions? What difference is made by what is on our minds? It is unsettling that in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind we find widespread doubts about mental causation. For it is at the root of our existence as perceiving, thinking and acting subjects. Dependencies, Connections, and Other Relations. A Theory of Mental Causation covers, in its subsequent parts, ontology, the metaphysics of causation, and the philosophy of mind. It provides a firm theoretical basis…    
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Book details

List price: $219.99
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 7/31/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 288
Size: 8.27" wide x 11.69" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 3.102
Language: English

Preface
Introduction
A Brief History
The Five Problems of Mental Causation
Mental anomalism
Normativity
Phenomenal states of affairs
Externalism
Causal exclusion
A Look Forward
What we need
What is coming
Ontology
Particulars, Properties, and Relations
Particulars
Properties
How properties are had
States of affairs
Token identity of particulars
Relations
Relational properties
Relationism
Physicalism
A negative account of 'physical'
Supervenience and physical realization
The free lunch principle
Arguments for physicalism
A Layered World
Levels of organization
Emergence
Upward causation
Multiple realizability
Relational properties and indirect supervenience
Relational properties and nonlocal supervenience
Against type identity
Non-identity and non-distinctness
Summary
Causality
A Duality in the Concept of Causality
Causality: the very idea
The double face of causality
Dependence and physical connection
Generality and particularity
Theories of causality
Causal Dependence
INUS conditions
Counterfactuals and fixed circumstances
Noncausal conditions
Nonsalient causal conditions
Counting causes and effects
Indeterminism
Collateral effects
Overdetermination
Pre-emption
Causal Connection
From counterfactual dependence to physical connection
The mechanistic approach
Causal processes
First criticism: the at-at theory of causal influence
Second criticism: causation by disconnection
Third criticism: causal relevance
Fourth criticism: the ontology of causal processes
What causal connections are
Unifying Dependence and Connection
Physically linking causes and effects: Kitcher
Physically linking causes and effects: Mackie
Physically linking causes and effects: Dowe
From relations and mechanisms to dependencies and connections
The pairing problem
The pairing principle
Negative causal factors
Why we think causally
Causation and Natural Law
The first problem of mental causation
The nomological approach to causation
Against the notion of 'causal law'
Laws and patterns
Particularism
Perception of causal relations
Causal perception as implicit knowledge
Causal perception: object and content
The Problem of Causal Relata
Causal ontology and mental causation
Hume, Kim, and others
Examples of causal statements
Excluding concrete particulars
Excluding negative states of affairs
Excluding regularities
Properties of states of affairs
Getting Events Wrong
Event mereology
Events according to Davidson
First criticism: causal relations and causal explanations
Second criticism: causal relevance and irrelevance of properties
Third criticism: the need for states of affairs
Getting Events Right
Events according to Kim
The narrative view: events as episodes
In favour of the narrative view
Events, ongoing processes, and states of affairs
Relations as Causal Relata
Relational causal relata
Causal relations as causes
Causal relations as effects
Causal Efficacy
The need for a criterion
Locality and intrinsicness
The criterion of local difference
In favour of the criterion of local difference
Relational properties
The causal efficacy of relational properties
The causal efficacy of the past
Supervenient Causation
Epiphenomenalism or downward causation: a dilemma?
Relationality and causal autonomy
Commensurateness and the correlation principle
Downward causation and causal closure
Downward causation as constraint
Doing versus exploiting causal work
Mind
The Concept of Mind
Introduction
Mind presupposes teleology
Mind presupposes representation
Mind presupposes (ir-)rationality
Mind presupposes perception and action
Mind and qualia
Against the Computational Theory
Introduction
The computational theory of mind
First criticism: epiphenomenalism
Second criticism: lack of psychological realism
Further criticisms
Propositional attitudes as mental models
In favour of the theory of mental models
Propositional attitudes according to interpretationism
Against the Theory Theory
Introduction
The Theory Theory
Against the Theory Theory
Interpretationism
Simulation theory
Against Internalism
Introduction
Semantic externalism
Interpretationist externalism
Social and linguistic externalism
Etiological externalism
Environmentalism
Reasons externalism
Against Reductionism
Introduction
Nagel-reductionism
Functional reductionism
Eliminativism
Reductionism as method
Against Token Physicalism
Introduction
Mental holism and uncodifiability
The problem of arbitrariness
Weak externalism
Against weak externalism
Actions
Conclusion
The Five Problems Once Again
Mental anomalism
Normativity
Phenomenal states of affairs
Externalism
Causal exclusion
Conclusion
References
Name Index
Subject Index