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Becoming a Critical Thinker

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ISBN-10: 1285438590

ISBN-13: 9781285438597

Edition: 8th 2015

Authors: Vincent Ryan Ruggiero

List price: $37.99
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Description:

Success depends on the ability to think critically. Training and practice turn this ability into a powerful skill. BECOMING A CRITICAL THINKER gives students the opportunity to develop this skill in a classroom environment while stressing its application to daily life. Students learn to solve everyday problems, maintain successful relationships, make career choices, and interpret the messages of advertising in a variety of media. Exercises throughout the text encourage them to practice what they read and to apply it to their own lives. BECOMING A CRITICAL THINKER breaks up critical thinking into a series of cumulative activities, a unique approach that has made this text a staple of many critical thinking courses.
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Book details

List price: $37.99
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 2015
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/19/2014
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 208
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.858
Language: English

Acknowledgments
To the Instructor
Fundamentals of Thinking
What Is Intelligence?
Good Thinking!
The Story of Albert Einstein
What Is Thinking?
Key Principles of Thinking
Truth is discovered, not created
Good Thinking!
The Story of Nellie Bly
Ideas are interrelated
A statement can't be both true and false at the same time and in the same way
Everyone makes mistakes, even experts
Ideas can be examined without being embraced
Feeling is no substitute for thinking
Key Habits and Skills of Thinking
The habit of curiosity
Skill in distinguishing facts from opinions
Good Thinking!
The Story of Paul Vitz
The habit of checking facts and testing opinions
The Need for a Systematic Approach
Exercises
Quiz
The W.I.S.E. Approach to Thinking.Introducing the W.I.S.E. Approach
Good Thinking!
The Story of Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
Wonder
Investigate
Speculate
Good Thinking!
The Story of Elizabeth Loftus
Evaluate
Examples of Problem Solving
The uncooperative page markers
The librarian's lament
Examples of Issue Resolution
Is venting anger healthy?
What causes Yellow Fever?
An Important Relationship
A Caution about Bias
Bias toward what confirms your personal view
Bias toward familiar ideas
Bias toward your likes and against your dislikes
Exercises
Quiz
Deciding What to Investigate
Fundamentals of Investigating
Conducting Library Research
Good Thinking!
The Richard Feynman Story
Conducting Internet Research
Use a search engine
Develop a resource list
Good Thinking!
The Story of Larry Page and Sergey Brin
Ask questions about the websites you visit
Conducting an Interview
Avoiding Plagiarism
Three steps to avoid plagiarism
How to correctly quote and paraphrase
Exercises
Quiz
Strengthening Your Individuality
What is Individuality?
Individuality and the W.I.S.E. Approach
Acknowledging Influences
Good Thinking!
The Story of Viktor Frankl
Understanding Attitudes
Four Empowering Attitudes
There's always room for improvement
Criticism, including self-criticism, has value
Effort is the key to success
Other people are as important as I am
Recognizing Manipulation
Biased reporting
Dishonest appeals to emotion
Stacking the deck
Suppressing dissent
Repetition
Resisting Manipulation
Be prepared
Ask questions
Be imaginative
Check sources
Strategies for Developing Individuality
Strive for humility
Be wary of first impressions
Be honest with yourself
Good Thinking!
The Story of Stephanie Kwolek
Fight confusion
Produce many ideas
Acknowledge complexity
Look for connections among subjects
Consider other viewpoints
Good Thinking!
The Story of Stanton Samenow
Dare to change your mind
Base your judgments on evidence
Exercises
Quiz
Recognizing Errors in Thinking
Four Kinds of Errors
Errors of Perception
… Mine is better … thinking
Selective perception
Gullibility and skepticism
Good Thinking!
The Story of Sylvia Earle
Preconceptions
Pretending to know
Either/or thinking
False tolerance
Errors of Judgment
Double standard
Irrelevant criterion
Overgeneralizing or stereotyping
Good Thinking!
The Story of Martin Seligman
Hasty conclusion
Unwarranted assumption
Failure to make a distinction
Oversimplification
Errors of Expression
Contradicting oneself
Arguing in a circle
False analogy
Irrational appeal
Errors of Reaction
Explaining away
Shifting the burden of proof
Attacking the person
Straw man
Errors can Multiply
Exercises
Quiz
Persuading Others
What is Persuasion?
Opportunities in the classroom
Opportunities in the workplace
Good Thinking!
The Story Of Dorothea Dix
Opportunities in the community
Opportunities in relationships
How is Persuasion Achieved?
Respect your audience
Understand your audience's viewpoint(s)
Begin on a point of agreement
Acknowledge unpleasant facts and make appropriate concessions
Good Thinking!
The Story of Dale Carnegie
Apply the golden rule
Keep your expectations modest
Strategy for Persuasive Writing
State what you think why
Consider how those who disagree might react to your view
Arrange your ideas and write a draft of your presentation
Check your draft for style. Good Thinking! The Story of George Orwell
Check your draft for grammar, usage, punctuation, and spelling
An Example of Persuasive Writing
Strategy for Persuasive Speaking
Create note cards
Rehearse using a tape recorder or a camcorder
Strategy for Group Discussion
Exercises
Quiz
Applying Your Thinking Skills
Thinking Critically About Relationships
Good Thinking!
The Story of Oprah Winfrey
Guidelines for successful relationships
Exercises
Thinking Critically About Careers
Good Thinking!
The Story of Faye Abdellah
A sensible approach