Patricia A. Dunkel is Professor Emerita of Applied Linguistics at Georgia State University. Her research includes a focus on the utility and techniques of note-taking on second/foreign language (L2) listening comprehension. She has published a number of research articles and instructional books on the topic. She also has done cutting edge work in computer-adaptive testing of L2 listening proficiency. She has given numerous research and teacher-training presentations on the topics in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. Her teaching experience includes positions at The Pennsylvania State University, the University of Arizona, Georgetown University, and Harvard University where she taught numerous graduate, and undergraduate students, as well as pre-university students of English as a second/foreign language.